Background: Children with intellectual disabilities often have difficulties in daily tasks, requiring training to increase functional independence. This study measured the effectiveness of community skills training in a telephone task and a shopping task, and examined if community-based training was more effective than classroom-based training. Materialmethods: A randomized control trial with 40 children aged 911 years was completed. Intervention groups attended an eightweek training programme; the control group received no treatment. One intervention group practised skills in local shops. All participants were assessed before and after treatment in a shopping task and telephone task, using task analysis methodology.Results: Data showed a highly statistically significant difference between intervention and control groups in the shopping task ( p0.007); however, there was no significant difference between classroom and classroom supplemented by community-based learning in the shopping task. There was no significant difference between the intervention and controlgroups in the telephone task. Conclusion: Results suggested that skills training was effective in one of the skill areas with this client group. Further research is required to determine if community-based training is more effective than classroom-based learning.
- Community living skills training
- occupational therapy
- shopping skills
- skills acquisition
- task analysis
Drysdale, J., Casey, J., & Porter-Armstrong, A. (2008). Effectiveness of training on the community skills of children with intellectual disabilities. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 15(4), 247-255. https://doi.org/10.1080/11038120802456136