Multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)- and graphene nanoplatelet (GNP)-ﬁlled high-density polyethylene (HDPE) composites with dispersed and segregated network structures were prepared by solution-assisted mixing. Simultaneous DC conductivity and diﬀerential scanning calorimetry were used to measure electrical conductivity during composite thermal phase transitions.It was found that the conductive network is deformed during melting and rebuilt again during annealing due to there-agglomeration of nanoﬁllers. The rebuilding of the structure is signiﬁcantly aﬀected by the original network structure and by the shape and loading of the nanoﬁllers. Both deformation and reorganization of the network lead to drastic changes in the conductivity of the composites. The crystallization process also aﬀects the conductive network to some extent and the subsequent volume shrinkage of the polymeric matrix after crystallization results in a further decrease in the resistivity of HDPE/GNP composites. Classical electrical percolation theory combined with a kinetic equation is used to describe the conductivity recovery of composites during annealing, and the results are found to be in good agreement with experimental data.
|Early online date||13 Dec 2017|
|Publication status||Published (in print/issue) - Feb 2018|
- Carbon nanotubes
- Graphene nanoplatelets
- Polymer composites
- Network structure
- Phase transition