Education in the Twent-First Century: Conflict, Reconstruction and Reconciliation

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This paper is an attempt to map out an emerging, and increasingly important field of studyconcerning the relationship between education and conflict. The field has two main parameters. The first involves the variety of contexts within which education systems are required to operate. Distinctions are drawn between education that is provided within relatively peaceful and stable environments; during times of violent conflict; as part of reconstruction following conflict or political transition; and as part of longer term peace and reconciliation processes. Educational priorities and concerns may be quite different depending on each of these circumstances. The second parameter concerns different levels of action within an education system. These include the political and policy environment, administrative and structural features and various aspects of educational practice. The paper argues that actions through various ‘entry points’ at each of theselevels carry the potential to exacerbate or ameliorate conflict and suggests that a systemic analysis of investments in education systems from a conflict perspective should be a routine part of educational planning.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-391
JournalCompare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • Education For All
  • Conflict
  • International development
  • Reconstruction
  • Reconciliation
  • Politics of Education
  • Governance


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