Education and Conflict: an emerging field of study

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This collection originates in papers presented at an international conference held at the University of Sussex in September 2004. It brings together academic contributions from specialists working in a newly emergent area of study, that of education in situations of conflict. It seeks to promote understanding of the complex ways in which education can play both a reproductive and a transformative role in such circumstances. To this end, it offers two broad perspectives, one around education in conflict and post-conflict settings, and the other around education for reconciliation and social inclusion.The book is organised into thematic sections, with material drawn from countries undergoing, or emerging from, conflict as well as from more stable societies. The first set of chapters examines different facets of the impact of armed conflict on education, while the second set explores the ways in which education can contribute to reconstruction and reconciliation and the particular challenges of rebuilding educational systems after protracted conflict. The following set of chapters examines issues of conflict associated with everyday school contexts, in which violence may be perpetrated by students, teachers or outsiders to the school. The last two sections turn to the role of education in promoting reconciliation and social inclusion.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationEducation, Conflict and Reconciliation: International Perspectives
EditorsFiona Leach, Máiréad Dunne
Pages19-32
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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field of study
reconciliation
education
inclusion
educational system
school
student teacher
reconstruction
violence
society

Keywords

  • education conflict

Cite this

Smith, A. (2007). Education and Conflict: an emerging field of study. In F. Leach, & M. Dunne (Eds.), Education, Conflict and Reconciliation: International Perspectives (pp. 19-32)
Smith, Alan. / Education and Conflict: an emerging field of study. Education, Conflict and Reconciliation: International Perspectives. editor / Fiona Leach ; Máiréad Dunne. 2007. pp. 19-32
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abstract = "This collection originates in papers presented at an international conference held at the University of Sussex in September 2004. It brings together academic contributions from specialists working in a newly emergent area of study, that of education in situations of conflict. It seeks to promote understanding of the complex ways in which education can play both a reproductive and a transformative role in such circumstances. To this end, it offers two broad perspectives, one around education in conflict and post-conflict settings, and the other around education for reconciliation and social inclusion.The book is organised into thematic sections, with material drawn from countries undergoing, or emerging from, conflict as well as from more stable societies. The first set of chapters examines different facets of the impact of armed conflict on education, while the second set explores the ways in which education can contribute to reconstruction and reconciliation and the particular challenges of rebuilding educational systems after protracted conflict. The following set of chapters examines issues of conflict associated with everyday school contexts, in which violence may be perpetrated by students, teachers or outsiders to the school. The last two sections turn to the role of education in promoting reconciliation and social inclusion.",
keywords = "education conflict",
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note = "Reference text: Allen, T. and Thomas, A. (2000) (Eds) Poverty and Development into the 21st Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press Anderson, M.B. (1999) Do No Harm: How Aid Can Support Peace - or War. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Ballentine, K. and Sherman, J. (2003) (Eds) The Political Economy of Armed Conflict: Beyond Greed and Grievance. Boulder: Lynne Reinner Bardhan, P. (1997) ‘Method in the madness? A political economy analysis of the ethnic conflicts in less developed countries’, World development, 25(9). Bird, L. (2003) Surviving School. Education for Refugee Children from Rwanda 1994-1996. Paris: IIEP Bush, K.D. and Saltarelli, D. (2000) The Two Faces of Education in Ethnic Conflict. Florence: United Nations Children’s Fund, Innocenti Research Centre Buckland, P. (2004) Reshaping the Future: Education and Post-Conflict Reconstruction. Washington, DC: World Bank Crisp, J., Talbot, C. and Cipollone, D.B.(Eds) (2001) Learning for A Future:Refugee Education in Developing Countries. Geneva: UNHCR Collier, P and Hoeffler, A. (2004) Greed and Grievance in Civil Wars, Oxford Economic Papers, 56: 595-663 Davies, L. (2004) Conflict and Education: Complexity and Chaos. London: Routledge Daye, R. (2004) Political forgiveness: Lessons from South Africa. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books Duffield, M. (2001) Global Governance and the New Wars.(London: Zed Books Galtung, J. (1996) Peace by Peaceful Means: Peace and Conflict, Development and Civilization. London: Sage Goodhand, J. (2001) Violent Conflict, Poverty and Chronic Poverty. Working Paper 6. Manchester: IDPM/Chronic Poverty Research Centre Hamber, B., and van der Merwe, H. (1998). What is this thing called reconciliation? Reconciliation in Review, 1(1), 3-6. Harber, C. (2004) Schooling as ViolencE. London and New York: Routledge Falmer Huntington, S. (2000) The Clash of Civilizations? in: F. J. Lechner and J. Boli (Eds) The Globalization Reader. London: Blackwell Publishers, 25-33. INEE (2005) Minimum Standards for Education in Emergencies, Chronic Crises and Early Reconstruction. Available online at: http://www.ineesite.org/standards/default.asp (accessed 26 June 2006). Kirk, J. (2004) Promoting a gender-just peace: The roles of women teachers in peacebuilding and reconstruction, Gender and Development, Nov 2004, 50-59. Leach, F. (2003) Learning to be violent: the role of the school in developing adolescent gendered behaviour, Compare, 33(3), 385-400. Lederach, J.P. (1997) Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies. Washington, DC: United States Institute for Peace Lewin, K.M. (2001) Knowledge Matters for Development, Professorial Lecture, University of Sussex. http://www.sussex.ac.uk/education/documents/knowledgematters.pdf (accessed 26 June 2006). Machel, G. (1996) UN Study on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children (New York, UNICEF). Available online at: http://www.unicef.org/graca (accessed 26 June 2006). Nicolai, S. (2004) Learning Independence. Education in Emergency and Transition in Timor-Leste since 1999. Paris: IIEP Obura, A. (2003) Never Again. Educational Reconstruction in Rwanda. Paris: IIEP Parker, W.C., Ninomiya, A. and Cogan, J. (1999) Educating World Citizens: Toward Multinational Curriculum Development, American Educational Research Journal, 36(2), 117-145. Philips, D. et al (1998) Education for Reconstruction - The regeneration of educational capacity following national upheaval. Oxford: Symposium Books Retamal, G. and Aedo-Richmond, R. (1998) (Eds) Education as a Humanitarian Response. London: Cassell Rogers, P. (2000) International Security in the Early Twenty-First Century, Briefing Paper No. 76. London: ISIS Seitz, K. (2004) Education and Conflict. The role of education in the creation, prevention and resolution of societal crises. Consequences for development cooperation. Stuttgart: GTZ Sinclair, M. (2002) Planning Education In and After Emergencies. Paris: IIEP Smith, A. and Vaux, T. (2003) Education, Conflict and International Development. London: DFID Sommers, M. (2002) Children, Education and War: Reaching Education For All (EFA) Objectives in Countries Affected by Conflict. Washington, DC: World Bank Sommers, M. and Buckland, P. (2004) Parallel Worlds: Rebuilding the Education System in Kosovo. Paris: IIEP Spink, J. (2005) Education and politics in Afghanistan: the importance of an education system in peacebuilding and reconstruction, Journal of Peace Education, 2(2), 195–207. Stern, P. and Druckman, D. (Eds) (2000) International Conflict Resolution After The Cold War. Washington, DC: National Academy Press Stewart, F. (2001) Horizontal inequalities as a source of conflict, in: F. Hampson and D. Malone (Eds) From Reaction to Prevention. London: Lynne Rienner Tawil, S. (2000) International humanitarian law and basic education, International Review of the Red Cross 82(839), 581-600. Tawil, S. and Harley, A. (Eds) (2004) Education, Conflict and Social Cohesion. Geneva, UNESCO-IBE United Nations High Commisioner for Refugees (UNHCR) http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/statistics (accessed 26 June 2006) World Bank (1998) The World Bank Experience with Post Conflict Reconstruction. Washington, DC: World Bank World Bank (2004) The Role of the World Bank in Conflict and Development. Washington, DC: World Bank",
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language = "English",
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pages = "19--32",
editor = "Fiona Leach and M{\'a}ir{\'e}ad Dunne",
booktitle = "Education, Conflict and Reconciliation: International Perspectives",

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Smith, A 2007, Education and Conflict: an emerging field of study. in F Leach & M Dunne (eds), Education, Conflict and Reconciliation: International Perspectives. pp. 19-32.

Education and Conflict: an emerging field of study. / Smith, Alan.

Education, Conflict and Reconciliation: International Perspectives. ed. / Fiona Leach; Máiréad Dunne. 2007. p. 19-32.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Washington, DC: World Bank Crisp, J., Talbot, C. and Cipollone, D.B.(Eds) (2001) Learning for A Future:Refugee Education in Developing Countries. Geneva: UNHCR Collier, P and Hoeffler, A. (2004) Greed and Grievance in Civil Wars, Oxford Economic Papers, 56: 595-663 Davies, L. (2004) Conflict and Education: Complexity and Chaos. London: Routledge Daye, R. (2004) Political forgiveness: Lessons from South Africa. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books Duffield, M. (2001) Global Governance and the New Wars.(London: Zed Books Galtung, J. (1996) Peace by Peaceful Means: Peace and Conflict, Development and Civilization. London: Sage Goodhand, J. (2001) Violent Conflict, Poverty and Chronic Poverty. Working Paper 6. Manchester: IDPM/Chronic Poverty Research Centre Hamber, B., and van der Merwe, H. (1998). What is this thing called reconciliation? Reconciliation in Review, 1(1), 3-6. Harber, C. (2004) Schooling as ViolencE. London and New York: Routledge Falmer Huntington, S. (2000) The Clash of Civilizations? in: F. J. Lechner and J. Boli (Eds) The Globalization Reader. London: Blackwell Publishers, 25-33. INEE (2005) Minimum Standards for Education in Emergencies, Chronic Crises and Early Reconstruction. Available online at: http://www.ineesite.org/standards/default.asp (accessed 26 June 2006). Kirk, J. (2004) Promoting a gender-just peace: The roles of women teachers in peacebuilding and reconstruction, Gender and Development, Nov 2004, 50-59. Leach, F. (2003) Learning to be violent: the role of the school in developing adolescent gendered behaviour, Compare, 33(3), 385-400. Lederach, J.P. (1997) Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies. Washington, DC: United States Institute for Peace Lewin, K.M. (2001) Knowledge Matters for Development, Professorial Lecture, University of Sussex. http://www.sussex.ac.uk/education/documents/knowledgematters.pdf (accessed 26 June 2006). Machel, G. (1996) UN Study on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children (New York, UNICEF). Available online at: http://www.unicef.org/graca (accessed 26 June 2006). Nicolai, S. (2004) Learning Independence. Education in Emergency and Transition in Timor-Leste since 1999. Paris: IIEP Obura, A. (2003) Never Again. Educational Reconstruction in Rwanda. Paris: IIEP Parker, W.C., Ninomiya, A. and Cogan, J. (1999) Educating World Citizens: Toward Multinational Curriculum Development, American Educational Research Journal, 36(2), 117-145. Philips, D. et al (1998) Education for Reconstruction - The regeneration of educational capacity following national upheaval. Oxford: Symposium Books Retamal, G. and Aedo-Richmond, R. (1998) (Eds) Education as a Humanitarian Response. London: Cassell Rogers, P. (2000) International Security in the Early Twenty-First Century, Briefing Paper No. 76. London: ISIS Seitz, K. (2004) Education and Conflict. The role of education in the creation, prevention and resolution of societal crises. Consequences for development cooperation. Stuttgart: GTZ Sinclair, M. (2002) Planning Education In and After Emergencies. Paris: IIEP Smith, A. and Vaux, T. (2003) Education, Conflict and International Development. London: DFID Sommers, M. (2002) Children, Education and War: Reaching Education For All (EFA) Objectives in Countries Affected by Conflict. Washington, DC: World Bank Sommers, M. and Buckland, P. (2004) Parallel Worlds: Rebuilding the Education System in Kosovo. Paris: IIEP Spink, J. (2005) Education and politics in Afghanistan: the importance of an education system in peacebuilding and reconstruction, Journal of Peace Education, 2(2), 195–207. Stern, P. and Druckman, D. (Eds) (2000) International Conflict Resolution After The Cold War. Washington, DC: National Academy Press Stewart, F. (2001) Horizontal inequalities as a source of conflict, in: F. Hampson and D. Malone (Eds) From Reaction to Prevention. London: Lynne Rienner Tawil, S. (2000) International humanitarian law and basic education, International Review of the Red Cross 82(839), 581-600. Tawil, S. and Harley, A. (Eds) (2004) Education, Conflict and Social Cohesion. Geneva, UNESCO-IBE United Nations High Commisioner for Refugees (UNHCR) http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/statistics (accessed 26 June 2006) World Bank (1998) The World Bank Experience with Post Conflict Reconstruction. Washington, DC: World Bank World Bank (2004) The Role of the World Bank in Conflict and Development. Washington, DC: World Bank

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Smith A. Education and Conflict: an emerging field of study. In Leach F, Dunne M, editors, Education, Conflict and Reconciliation: International Perspectives. 2007. p. 19-32