Purpose – Within smart homes, ambient sensors are used to monitor interactions between users and the home environment. The data produced from the sensors are used as the basis for the inference of the users’ behaviour information. Partitioning sensor data in response to individual instances of activity is critical for a smart home to be fully functional and to fulfil its roles, such as correctly measuring health status and detecting emergency situations. The purpose of this study is to propose a similarity-based segmentation approach applied on time series sensor data in an effort to detect and recognise activities within a smart home.Design/methodology/approach – The paper explores methods for analysing time-related sensor activation events in an effort to undercover hidden activity events through the use of generic sensor modelling of activity based upon the general knowledge of the activities. Two similarity measures are proposed to compare a time series based sensor sequence and a generic sensor model of an activity. In addition, a framework is developed for automatically analysing sensor streams.Findings – The results from evaluation of the proposed methodology on a publicly accessible reference dataset show that the proposed methods can detect and recognise multi-category activities with satisfying accuracy, in addition to the capability of detecting interleaved activities.Originality/value – The concepts introduced in this paper will improve automatic detection and recognition of daily living activities from timely ordered sensor events based on domain knowledge of the activities.
|Journal||International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications|
|Publication status||Published (in print/issue) - 2012|