Drug-induced desensitization of insulinotropic actions of sulfonylureas

AJ Ball, Janie McCluskey, Peter Flatt, Neville McClenaghan

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17 Citations (Scopus)


K-ATP-channel-dependent and K-ATP-channel-independent insulin-releasing actions of the sulfonylurea, tolbutamide, mere examined in the clonal BRIN-BD11 cell line. Tolbutamide stimulated insulin release at both nonstimulatory (1.1 mM) and stimulatory (16.7 mM) glucose. Under depolarizing conditions (16.7 mM glucose plus 30 mM KCl) tolbutamide evoked a stepwise K-ATP channel-independent insulinotropic response. Culture (18 h) with tolbutamide or the guanidine derivative BTS 67 582 (100 mu M) markedly reduced (P <0.001) subsequent responsiveness to acute challenge with tolbutamide, glibenclamide, and BTS 67 582 but not the imidazoline drug, efaroxan. Conversely, 18 h culture with efaroxan reduced (P <0.001) subsequent insulinotropic effects of efaroxan but not that of tolbutamide, glibenclamide, or BTS 67 582. Culture (18 h) with tolbutamide reduced the K-ATP channel-independent actions of both tolbutamide and glibenclamide. Whereas culture with efaroxan exerted no effect on the K-ATP channel-independent actions of sulfonylureas, BTS 67 582 abolished the response of tolbutamide and inhibited that of glibenclamide. These data demonstrate that prolonged exposure to tolbutamide desensitizes both K-ATP-channel-dependent and -independent insulin-secretory actions of sulfonylureas, indicating synergistic pathways mediated by common sulfonylurea binding site(s). (C) 2000 Academic Press.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-239
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - Apr 2000


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