Drp1 Overexpression Decreases Insulin Content in Pancreatic MIN6 Cells

Uma D Kabra, Noah Moruzzi, Per-Olof Berggren, Martin Jastroch

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Abstract

Mitochondrial dynamics and bioenergetics are central to glucose-stimulated insulin secretion by pancreatic beta cells. Previously, we demonstrated that a disturbance in glucose-invoked fission impairs insulin secretion by compromising glucose catabolism. Here, we investigated whether the overexpression of mitochondrial fission regulator Drp1 in MIN6 cells can improve or rescue insulin secretion. Although Drp1 overexpression slightly improves the triggering mechanism of insulin secretion of the Drp1-knockdown cells and has no adverse effects on mitochondrial metabolism in wildtype MIN6 cells, the constitutive presence of Drp1 unexpectedly impairs insulin content, which leads to a reduction in the absolute values of secreted insulin. Coherent with previous studies in Drp1-overexpressing muscle cells, we found that the upregulation of ER stress-related genes (BiP, Chop, and Hsp60) possibly impacts insulin production in MIN6 cells. Collectively, we confirm the important role of Drp1 for the energy-coupling of insulin secretion but unravel off-targets effects by Drp1 overexpression on insulin content that warrant caution when manipulating Drp1 in disease therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12338
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume23
Issue number20
Early online date15 Oct 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished online - 15 Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Insulin/metabolism
  • Insulin Secretion
  • Insulin-Secreting Cells/metabolism
  • Mitochondrial Dynamics/genetics
  • Glucose/metabolism
  • Insulin, Regular, Human

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