Do dynamic work instructions provide an advantage over static instructions in a small scale assembly task?

Gareth Watson, Joe Butterfield, Ricky Curran, Cathy Craig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)


Recent studies exploring the effects of instructional animations on learning compared to static graphics have yielded mixed results. Few studies have explored their effectiveness in portraying procedural-motor information. Opportunities exist within an applied (manufacturing) context for instructional animations to be used to facilitate build performance on an assembly line. The present study compares build time performance across successive builds when using animation, static diagrams or text instructions to convey an assembly sequence for a handheld device. Although an immediate facilitating effect of animation was found, yielding a significantly faster build time for Build 1, this advantage had disappeared by Build 3. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-93
Number of pages10
JournalLearning and Instruction
Issue number1
Early online date21 Jun 2009
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2010


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