Dissociative features in posttraumatic stress disorder: A latent profile analysis

Jana Műllerová, Maj Hansen, Ateka A Contractor, Jon D Elhai, Cherie Armour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)
34 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objective: The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) characterizes the dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in terms of the individual meeting the criteria for PTSD and additionally reporting symptoms of depersonalization and/or derealisation. The current study aimed to examine whether a dissociative PTSD profile may include alternative features of dissociation and whether it could be differentiated from a non-dissociative PTSD profile on certain psychopathologies and demographics. Method: Data from 309 trauma-exposed participants, collected through Amazon Mechanical Turk, was subjected to Latent profile analysis. Regression analyses were used to examine the predictors of latent classes. Results: Three discrete profiles named Baseline, PTSD, and Dissociative profile were uncovered. All examined features of dissociation were significantly elevated in the Dissociative profile. Anxiety, male sex, being employed and having a minority racial background significantly predicted the Dissociative profile relative to PTSD profile. Conclusions: The study points to the importance of alternative symptoms of dissociation in the dissociative PTSD subtype, beyond the symptoms of depersonalization and derealisation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)601-608
JournalPsychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy
Volume8
Issue number5
Early online date23 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2016

Keywords

  • PTSD
  • Dissociation
  • Dissociative PTSD
  • PCL-5
  • Latent profile analysis

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