Disinfection of drinking water contaminated with Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts under natural sunlight and using the photocatalyst TiO2

Fernando Méndez-Hermida, Elvira Ares-Mazás, Kevin G. McGuigan, Maria Boyle, Cosima Sichel, P Fernandez Ibanez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The results of a batch-process solar disinfection (SODIS) and solar photocatalytic disinfection (SPCDIS) on drinking water contam- inated with Cryptosporidium are reported. Cryptosporidium parvum oocyst suspensions were exposed to natural sunlight in Southern Spain and the oocyst viability was evaluated using two vital dyes [40,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) and propidium iodide (PI)]. SODIS exposures (strong sunlight) of 8 and 12 h reduced oocyst viability from 98% (±1.3%) to 11.7% (±0.9%) and 0.3% (±0.33%), respectively. SODIS reactors fitted with flexible plastic inserts coated with TiO2 powder (SPCDIS) were found to be more effective than those which were not. After 8 and 16 h of overcast and cloudy solar irradiance conditions, SPCDIS reduced oocyst viability from 98.3% (±0.3%) to 37.7% (±2.6%) and 11.7% (±0.7%), respectively, versus to that achieved using SODIS of 81.3% (±1.6%) and 36.0% (±1.0%), respectively. These results confirm that solar disinfection of drinking water can be an effective household intervention against Cryptos- poridium contamination.
LanguageEnglish
Pages105-111
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology
Volume88
Issue number2-3
Early online date29 May 2007
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 May 2007

Fingerprint

Cryptosporidium parvum
drinking
Oocysts
Sunlight
Disinfection
sunlight
viability
Drinking Water
water
cloud cover
Spain
inserts
irradiance
Cryptosporidium
iodides
contamination
plastics
dyes
reactors
Propidium

Keywords

  • DAPI 40
  • 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole
  • PI propidium iodide
  • SODIS solar disinfection
  • SPCDIS solar photocatalytic disinfection

Cite this

Méndez-Hermida, Fernando ; Ares-Mazás, Elvira ; McGuigan, Kevin G. ; Boyle, Maria ; Sichel, Cosima ; Fernandez Ibanez, P. / Disinfection of drinking water contaminated with Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts under natural sunlight and using the photocatalyst TiO2. 2007 ; Vol. 88, No. 2-3. pp. 105-111.
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Disinfection of drinking water contaminated with Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts under natural sunlight and using the photocatalyst TiO2. / Méndez-Hermida, Fernando; Ares-Mazás, Elvira; McGuigan, Kevin G.; Boyle, Maria; Sichel, Cosima; Fernandez Ibanez, P.

Vol. 88, No. 2-3, 29.05.2007, p. 105-111.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Méndez-Hermida, Fernando

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N2 - The results of a batch-process solar disinfection (SODIS) and solar photocatalytic disinfection (SPCDIS) on drinking water contam- inated with Cryptosporidium are reported. Cryptosporidium parvum oocyst suspensions were exposed to natural sunlight in Southern Spain and the oocyst viability was evaluated using two vital dyes [40,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) and propidium iodide (PI)]. SODIS exposures (strong sunlight) of 8 and 12 h reduced oocyst viability from 98% (±1.3%) to 11.7% (±0.9%) and 0.3% (±0.33%), respectively. SODIS reactors fitted with flexible plastic inserts coated with TiO2 powder (SPCDIS) were found to be more effective than those which were not. After 8 and 16 h of overcast and cloudy solar irradiance conditions, SPCDIS reduced oocyst viability from 98.3% (±0.3%) to 37.7% (±2.6%) and 11.7% (±0.7%), respectively, versus to that achieved using SODIS of 81.3% (±1.6%) and 36.0% (±1.0%), respectively. These results confirm that solar disinfection of drinking water can be an effective household intervention against Cryptos- poridium contamination.

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