Differences in shaft strain patterns during golf drives due to varying shaft stiffness and individual golfer swing effects

Kristian M Jones, Nils F Betzler, E.S. Wallace, Steve R Otto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

There is much debate around the role of shaft stiffness in the dynamic response of the club shaft during the golf swing. This study used a novel complex analysis to investigate withinand between-golfer differences in shaft strain patterns for three shaft stiffnesses. Twelve right-handed male golfers, with a handicap less than or equal to five, hit six shots with three driver clubs which differed only in shaft stiffness. Clubs were instrumented to record the shaft strain in the lead/lag and toe/heel directions. Analysis combined these perpendicular components into a single complex function, which enabled differences between two swings to be characterised by a scale and a rotation component. Within-golfer strain patterns were found to be significantly more consistent than between-golfer, p < 0.01. Whilst some golfers displayed more similar patterns than others, there were no clear groups of golfers with similar patterns of shaft strain. Between the clubs, shaft strain patterns differed in the scale component, p < 0.01, rather than the rotation, p = 0.07.
LanguageEnglish
JournalSports Engineering
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 29 Jun 2019

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Golf
Stiffness
Heel
Toes
Right handed
Complex Analysis
Complex Functions
Less than or equal to
Hits
Dynamic Response
Perpendicular
Dynamic response
Driver
Lead
Direction compound

Cite this

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title = "Differences in shaft strain patterns during golf drives due to varying shaft stiffness and individual golfer swing effects",
abstract = "There is much debate around the role of shaft stiffness in the dynamic response of the club shaft during the golf swing. This study used a novel complex analysis to investigate withinand between-golfer differences in shaft strain patterns for three shaft stiffnesses. Twelve right-handed male golfers, with a handicap less than or equal to five, hit six shots with three driver clubs which differed only in shaft stiffness. Clubs were instrumented to record the shaft strain in the lead/lag and toe/heel directions. Analysis combined these perpendicular components into a single complex function, which enabled differences between two swings to be characterised by a scale and a rotation component. Within-golfer strain patterns were found to be significantly more consistent than between-golfer, p < 0.01. Whilst some golfers displayed more similar patterns than others, there were no clear groups of golfers with similar patterns of shaft strain. Between the clubs, shaft strain patterns differed in the scale component, p < 0.01, rather than the rotation, p = 0.07.",
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Differences in shaft strain patterns during golf drives due to varying shaft stiffness and individual golfer swing effects. / Jones, Kristian M; Betzler, Nils F; Wallace, E.S.; Otto, Steve R.

In: Sports Engineering, 29.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Betzler, Nils F

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AU - Otto, Steve R

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AB - There is much debate around the role of shaft stiffness in the dynamic response of the club shaft during the golf swing. This study used a novel complex analysis to investigate withinand between-golfer differences in shaft strain patterns for three shaft stiffnesses. Twelve right-handed male golfers, with a handicap less than or equal to five, hit six shots with three driver clubs which differed only in shaft stiffness. Clubs were instrumented to record the shaft strain in the lead/lag and toe/heel directions. Analysis combined these perpendicular components into a single complex function, which enabled differences between two swings to be characterised by a scale and a rotation component. Within-golfer strain patterns were found to be significantly more consistent than between-golfer, p < 0.01. Whilst some golfers displayed more similar patterns than others, there were no clear groups of golfers with similar patterns of shaft strain. Between the clubs, shaft strain patterns differed in the scale component, p < 0.01, rather than the rotation, p = 0.07.

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