DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CLINICALLY ANXIOUS AND NONANXIOUS SUBJECTS IN A STIMULUS EQUIVALENCE TRAINING TASK INVOLVING THREAT WORDS

Julian Leslie, KJ TIERNEY, CP ROBINSON, Mickey Keenan, A WATT, D BARNES

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Eight clinically anxious and eight non-anxious subjects were exposed to a stimulus equivalence training procedure. Each matching-to-sample training involved threatening situations (A), nonsense syllables (B), and pleasant-state adjectives (C). All subjects met criteria for learning A-B relationships and B-C relationships in a matching-to-sample procedure, but in the critical test phase (where C sample elements are matched to A elements) the non-anxious group differed from the anxious group on two of the three C-A tests. Responding appropriately on all three C-A tests, thus indicating that the stimuli had become members of an equivalence class, occurred in six out of eight non-anxious subjects and only one out of eight anxious subjects. This striking between-group difference suggests that the presence of clinical anxiety can affect stimulus equivalence class formation, and that the procedures used here could be developed as a diagnostic procedure.
LanguageEnglish
Pages153-161
JournalPSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD
Volume43
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Fingerprint

equivalence
stimulus
threat
Group
diagnostic
anxiety
learning

Cite this

@article{49aa6d21c3274b258aa3ec8af8cda6ba,
title = "DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CLINICALLY ANXIOUS AND NONANXIOUS SUBJECTS IN A STIMULUS EQUIVALENCE TRAINING TASK INVOLVING THREAT WORDS",
abstract = "Eight clinically anxious and eight non-anxious subjects were exposed to a stimulus equivalence training procedure. Each matching-to-sample training involved threatening situations (A), nonsense syllables (B), and pleasant-state adjectives (C). All subjects met criteria for learning A-B relationships and B-C relationships in a matching-to-sample procedure, but in the critical test phase (where C sample elements are matched to A elements) the non-anxious group differed from the anxious group on two of the three C-A tests. Responding appropriately on all three C-A tests, thus indicating that the stimuli had become members of an equivalence class, occurred in six out of eight non-anxious subjects and only one out of eight anxious subjects. This striking between-group difference suggests that the presence of clinical anxiety can affect stimulus equivalence class formation, and that the procedures used here could be developed as a diagnostic procedure.",
author = "Julian Leslie and KJ TIERNEY and CP ROBINSON and Mickey Keenan and A WATT and D BARNES",
year = "1993",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "153--161",
journal = "Psychological Record",
issn = "0033-2933",
number = "1",

}

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CLINICALLY ANXIOUS AND NONANXIOUS SUBJECTS IN A STIMULUS EQUIVALENCE TRAINING TASK INVOLVING THREAT WORDS. / Leslie, Julian; TIERNEY, KJ; ROBINSON, CP; Keenan, Mickey; WATT, A; BARNES, D.

In: PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD, Vol. 43, No. 1, 1993, p. 153-161.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CLINICALLY ANXIOUS AND NONANXIOUS SUBJECTS IN A STIMULUS EQUIVALENCE TRAINING TASK INVOLVING THREAT WORDS

AU - Leslie, Julian

AU - TIERNEY, KJ

AU - ROBINSON, CP

AU - Keenan, Mickey

AU - WATT, A

AU - BARNES, D

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - Eight clinically anxious and eight non-anxious subjects were exposed to a stimulus equivalence training procedure. Each matching-to-sample training involved threatening situations (A), nonsense syllables (B), and pleasant-state adjectives (C). All subjects met criteria for learning A-B relationships and B-C relationships in a matching-to-sample procedure, but in the critical test phase (where C sample elements are matched to A elements) the non-anxious group differed from the anxious group on two of the three C-A tests. Responding appropriately on all three C-A tests, thus indicating that the stimuli had become members of an equivalence class, occurred in six out of eight non-anxious subjects and only one out of eight anxious subjects. This striking between-group difference suggests that the presence of clinical anxiety can affect stimulus equivalence class formation, and that the procedures used here could be developed as a diagnostic procedure.

AB - Eight clinically anxious and eight non-anxious subjects were exposed to a stimulus equivalence training procedure. Each matching-to-sample training involved threatening situations (A), nonsense syllables (B), and pleasant-state adjectives (C). All subjects met criteria for learning A-B relationships and B-C relationships in a matching-to-sample procedure, but in the critical test phase (where C sample elements are matched to A elements) the non-anxious group differed from the anxious group on two of the three C-A tests. Responding appropriately on all three C-A tests, thus indicating that the stimuli had become members of an equivalence class, occurred in six out of eight non-anxious subjects and only one out of eight anxious subjects. This striking between-group difference suggests that the presence of clinical anxiety can affect stimulus equivalence class formation, and that the procedures used here could be developed as a diagnostic procedure.

M3 - Article

VL - 43

SP - 153

EP - 161

JO - Psychological Record

T2 - Psychological Record

JF - Psychological Record

SN - 0033-2933

IS - 1

ER -