Dietary reference values for sodium

Dominique Turck, J Castenmiller, Stefaan De Henauw, Karen-Ildico Hirsch-Ernst, John Kearney, H Knutsen, A Maciuk, Inge Mangelsdorf, Harry McArdle, Carmen Pelaez, K. Pentieva, Alfonso Siani, Frank Thies, Sophia Tsabouri, Marco Vinceti, Peter Aggett, Susan Fairweather‐Tait, Ambroise Martin, Hildegard Przyrembel, Laura CiccolalloAgnes de Sesmaisons-Lecarre, Silvia Valtuena Martinez, Laura Martino, Androniki Naska

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Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA) derived dietary reference values (DRVs) for sodium. Evidence from balance studies on sodium and on the relationship between sodium intake and health outcomes, in particular cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related endpoints and bone health, was reviewed. The data were not sufficient to enable an average requirement (AR) or population reference intake (PRI) to be derived. However, by integrating the available evidence and associated uncertainties, the Panel considers that a sodium intake of 2.0 g/day represents a level of sodium for which there is sufficient confidence in a reduced risk of CVD in the general adult population. In addition, a sodium intake of 2.0 g/day is likely to allow most of the general adult population to maintain sodium balance. Therefore, the Panel considers that 2.0 g sodium/day is a safe and adequate intake for the general EU population of adults. The same value applies to pregnant and lactating women. Sodium intakes that are considered safe and adequate for children are extrapolated from the value for adults, adjusting for their respective energy requirement and including a growth factor, and are as follows: 1.1 g/day for children aged 1–3 years, 1.3 g/day for children aged 4–6 years, 1.7 g/day for children aged 7–10 years and 2.0 g/day for children aged 11–17 years, respectively. For infants aged 7–11 months, an Adequate Intake (AI) of 0.2 g/day is proposed based on upwards extrapolation of the estimated sodium intake in exclusively breast-fed infants aged 0–6 months.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere05778
Pages (from-to)1-191
Number of pages191
JournalEFSA Journal
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 4 Sept 2019


  • sodium intake, recommendations, health
  • Sodium
  • Dietary Reference Value


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