Dietary reference values for potassium

Dominique Turck, Jean-Louis Bresson, Barbara Burlingame, Tara Dean, Susan Fairweather-Tait, Marina Heinonen, Karen Ildico Hirsch-Ernst, Inge Mangelsdorf, Harry McArdle, Monika Neuhäuser-Berthold, Grażyna Nowicka, Kristina Pentieva, Yolanda Sanz, Alfonso Siani, Anders Sjödin, Martin Stern, Daniel Tomé, Henk Van Loveren, Marco Vinceti, Peter Willatts & 8 others Peter Aggett, Ambroise Martin, Hildegard Przyrembel, Anja Brönstrup, Janusz Ciok, José Ángel Gómez Ruiz, Agnès de Sesmaisons-Lecarré, Androniki Naska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) derives dietary reference values (DRVs) for potassium. The Panel decides to set DRVs on the basis of the relationships between potassium intake and blood pressure and stroke. The Panel considers that randomised controlled trials and an observational cohort study carried out in a European adult population provide evidence that a potassium intake of 3,500 mg (90 mmol)/day has beneficial effects on blood pressure in adults. Furthermore, there is consistent evidence from observational cohort studies that potassium intakes below 3,500 mg/day are associated with a higher risk of stroke. Available data cannot be used to determine the average requirement of potassium but can be used as a basis for deriving an adequate intake (AI). A potassium intake of 3,500 mg/day is considered adequate for the adult population and an AI of 3,500 mg/day for adult men and women is proposed. For infants and children, the AIs are extrapolated from the AI for adults by isometric scaling and including a growth factor. An AI of 750 mg (19 mmol)/day is set for infants aged 7–11 months. For children, AIs from 800 mg (20 mmol)/day (1–3 years old) to 3,500 mg/day (15–17 years old) are set. Considering that the daily accretion rate of potassium in fetal and maternal tissues can be met by the adaptive changes which maintain potassium homeostasis during pregnancy, the AI set for adults applies to pregnant women. For lactating women, the amount of potassium needed to compensate for the losses of potassium through breast milk is estimated and an AI of 4,000 mg (102 mmol)/day is proposed.
LanguageEnglish
Pagese04592
JournalEFSA Journal
Volume14
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016

Fingerprint

Potassium
Reference Values
Observational Studies
Cohort Studies
Stroke
Blood Pressure
Dietetics
Human Milk
Population
Pregnant Women
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Hypersensitivity
Fetus
Homeostasis
Randomized Controlled Trials
Mothers
Pregnancy

Keywords

  • potassium
  • adequate intake

Cite this

Turck, D., Bresson, J-L., Burlingame, B., Dean, T., Fairweather-Tait, S., Heinonen, M., ... Naska, A. (2016). Dietary reference values for potassium. EFSA Journal, 14(10), e04592. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2016.4592
Turck, Dominique ; Bresson, Jean-Louis ; Burlingame, Barbara ; Dean, Tara ; Fairweather-Tait, Susan ; Heinonen, Marina ; Hirsch-Ernst, Karen Ildico ; Mangelsdorf, Inge ; McArdle, Harry ; Neuhäuser-Berthold, Monika ; Nowicka, Grażyna ; Pentieva, Kristina ; Sanz, Yolanda ; Siani, Alfonso ; Sjödin, Anders ; Stern, Martin ; Tomé, Daniel ; Van Loveren, Henk ; Vinceti, Marco ; Willatts, Peter ; Aggett, Peter ; Martin, Ambroise ; Przyrembel, Hildegard ; Brönstrup, Anja ; Ciok, Janusz ; Gómez Ruiz, José Ángel ; de Sesmaisons-Lecarré, Agnès ; Naska, Androniki. / Dietary reference values for potassium. In: EFSA Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 14, No. 10. pp. e04592.
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Turck, D, Bresson, J-L, Burlingame, B, Dean, T, Fairweather-Tait, S, Heinonen, M, Hirsch-Ernst, KI, Mangelsdorf, I, McArdle, H, Neuhäuser-Berthold, M, Nowicka, G, Pentieva, K, Sanz, Y, Siani, A, Sjödin, A, Stern, M, Tomé, D, Van Loveren, H, Vinceti, M, Willatts, P, Aggett, P, Martin, A, Przyrembel, H, Brönstrup, A, Ciok, J, Gómez Ruiz, JÁ, de Sesmaisons-Lecarré, A & Naska, A 2016, 'Dietary reference values for potassium', EFSA Journal, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. e04592. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2016.4592

Dietary reference values for potassium. / Turck, Dominique; Bresson, Jean-Louis; Burlingame, Barbara; Dean, Tara; Fairweather-Tait, Susan; Heinonen, Marina; Hirsch-Ernst, Karen Ildico; Mangelsdorf, Inge; McArdle, Harry; Neuhäuser-Berthold, Monika; Nowicka, Grażyna; Pentieva, Kristina; Sanz, Yolanda; Siani, Alfonso; Sjödin, Anders; Stern, Martin; Tomé, Daniel; Van Loveren, Henk; Vinceti, Marco; Willatts, Peter; Aggett, Peter; Martin, Ambroise; Przyrembel, Hildegard; Brönstrup, Anja; Ciok, Janusz; Gómez Ruiz, José Ángel; de Sesmaisons-Lecarré, Agnès; Naska, Androniki.

In: EFSA Journal, Vol. 14, No. 10, 10.2016, p. e04592.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dietary reference values for potassium

AU - Turck, Dominique

AU - Bresson, Jean-Louis

AU - Burlingame, Barbara

AU - Dean, Tara

AU - Fairweather-Tait, Susan

AU - Heinonen, Marina

AU - Hirsch-Ernst, Karen Ildico

AU - Mangelsdorf, Inge

AU - McArdle, Harry

AU - Neuhäuser-Berthold, Monika

AU - Nowicka, Grażyna

AU - Pentieva, Kristina

AU - Sanz, Yolanda

AU - Siani, Alfonso

AU - Sjödin, Anders

AU - Stern, Martin

AU - Tomé, Daniel

AU - Van Loveren, Henk

AU - Vinceti, Marco

AU - Willatts, Peter

AU - Aggett, Peter

AU - Martin, Ambroise

AU - Przyrembel, Hildegard

AU - Brönstrup, Anja

AU - Ciok, Janusz

AU - Gómez Ruiz, José Ángel

AU - de Sesmaisons-Lecarré, Agnès

AU - Naska, Androniki

PY - 2016/10

Y1 - 2016/10

N2 - Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) derives dietary reference values (DRVs) for potassium. The Panel decides to set DRVs on the basis of the relationships between potassium intake and blood pressure and stroke. The Panel considers that randomised controlled trials and an observational cohort study carried out in a European adult population provide evidence that a potassium intake of 3,500 mg (90 mmol)/day has beneficial effects on blood pressure in adults. Furthermore, there is consistent evidence from observational cohort studies that potassium intakes below 3,500 mg/day are associated with a higher risk of stroke. Available data cannot be used to determine the average requirement of potassium but can be used as a basis for deriving an adequate intake (AI). A potassium intake of 3,500 mg/day is considered adequate for the adult population and an AI of 3,500 mg/day for adult men and women is proposed. For infants and children, the AIs are extrapolated from the AI for adults by isometric scaling and including a growth factor. An AI of 750 mg (19 mmol)/day is set for infants aged 7–11 months. For children, AIs from 800 mg (20 mmol)/day (1–3 years old) to 3,500 mg/day (15–17 years old) are set. Considering that the daily accretion rate of potassium in fetal and maternal tissues can be met by the adaptive changes which maintain potassium homeostasis during pregnancy, the AI set for adults applies to pregnant women. For lactating women, the amount of potassium needed to compensate for the losses of potassium through breast milk is estimated and an AI of 4,000 mg (102 mmol)/day is proposed.

AB - Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) derives dietary reference values (DRVs) for potassium. The Panel decides to set DRVs on the basis of the relationships between potassium intake and blood pressure and stroke. The Panel considers that randomised controlled trials and an observational cohort study carried out in a European adult population provide evidence that a potassium intake of 3,500 mg (90 mmol)/day has beneficial effects on blood pressure in adults. Furthermore, there is consistent evidence from observational cohort studies that potassium intakes below 3,500 mg/day are associated with a higher risk of stroke. Available data cannot be used to determine the average requirement of potassium but can be used as a basis for deriving an adequate intake (AI). A potassium intake of 3,500 mg/day is considered adequate for the adult population and an AI of 3,500 mg/day for adult men and women is proposed. For infants and children, the AIs are extrapolated from the AI for adults by isometric scaling and including a growth factor. An AI of 750 mg (19 mmol)/day is set for infants aged 7–11 months. For children, AIs from 800 mg (20 mmol)/day (1–3 years old) to 3,500 mg/day (15–17 years old) are set. Considering that the daily accretion rate of potassium in fetal and maternal tissues can be met by the adaptive changes which maintain potassium homeostasis during pregnancy, the AI set for adults applies to pregnant women. For lactating women, the amount of potassium needed to compensate for the losses of potassium through breast milk is estimated and an AI of 4,000 mg (102 mmol)/day is proposed.

KW - potassium

KW - adequate intake

U2 - 10.2903/j.efsa.2016.4592

DO - 10.2903/j.efsa.2016.4592

M3 - Article

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SP - e04592

JO - EFSA Journal

T2 - EFSA Journal

JF - EFSA Journal

SN - 1831-4732

IS - 10

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Turck D, Bresson J-L, Burlingame B, Dean T, Fairweather-Tait S, Heinonen M et al. Dietary reference values for potassium. EFSA Journal. 2016 Oct;14(10):e04592. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2016.4592