Dietary intake of (poly) phenols in children and adults: Cross-sectional analysis of UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme (2008–2014)

Nida Ziauddeen, Alice Rosi, Daniele Del Rio, Birdem Amoutzopoulos, Sonja Nicholson, Polly Page, Francesca Scazzina, Furio Brighenti, Sumantra Ray, Pedro Mena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose
Current evidence accounts for the role of (poly)phenolic compounds in the prevention of non-communicable diseases. Detailed information on population-level intakes is required to translate these findings into recommendations. This work aimed to estimate (poly)phenol intake in the UK population using data from a nationally representative survey.

Methods
Data from 9374 participants (4636 children aged 1.5–18 years and 4738 adults aged 19 years and over) from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme (NDNS RP) 2008–2014 was used. (Poly)phenol content of foods consumed in the NDNS RP was identified using Phenol-Explorer and through literature searches. Data on flavonoids, phenolic acids, and stilbenes were collected. Total (poly)phenol content was also assessed.

Results
Mean total (poly)phenol intake ranged from 266.6 ± 166.1 mg/day in children aged 1.5–3 years to 1035.1 ± 544.3 mg/day in adults aged 65 years and over, with flavan-3-ols and hydroxycinnamic acids being the most consumed (poly)phenols across all age groups. (Poly)phenol intake was higher in males in all age groups except for adults aged 19–34 and 50–64 years, where intakes were marginally higher in females. Energy-adjusted intakes accounted for the pattern of increasing (poly)phenol intakes with age and a higher intake was observed in females across all age groups, with the exception of children aged 1.5–3 years. The main food sources were non-alcoholic beverages and fruits, being the main compounds flavan-3-ols and caffeoylquinic acids.

Conclusions
This analysis provides estimates of (poly)phenol intake from a representative sample of the UK general population, which can help inform the health implications of (poly)phenol intake.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3183-3198
Number of pages16
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Volume58
Issue number8
Early online date17 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Polyphenol
  • Flavonoid
  • Dietary intake
  • Food source
  • NDNS

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