Dextran Used in Blood Transfusion, Hematology, and Pharmaceuticals: Biosynthesis of Diverse Molecular-Specification-Dextrans in Enzyme-Catalyzed Reactions

Divakar Dahiya, Poonam Singh - Nee Nigam

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

Dextran is an exopolysaccharide synthesized in reactions catalyzed by enzymes obtained from microbial agents of specific species and strains. Products of dextran polysaccharides with different molecular weights are suitable for diverse pharmaceutical and clinical uses. Dextran solutions have multiple characteristics, including viscosity, solubility, rheological, and thermal properties; hence, dextran has been studied for its commercial applications in several sectors. Certain bacteria can produce extracellular polysaccharide dextran of different molecular weights and configurations. Dextran products of diverse molecular weights have been used in several industries, including medicine, cosmetics, and food. This article aims to provide an overview of the reports on dextran applications in blood transfusion and clinical studies and its biosynthesis. Information has been summarized on enzyme-catalyzed reactions for dextran biosynthesis from sucrose and on the bio-transformation process of high molecular weight dextran molecules to obtain preparations of diverse molecular weights and configurations.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberfbe1602017
Pages (from-to)17
Number of pages11
JournalFrontiers in Bioscience-Elite
Volume16
Issue number2
Early online date3 Jun 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished online - 3 Jun 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.

Keywords

  • Biomolecules
  • Blood
  • clinical
  • dextran
  • dextran-sucrase
  • dextranase
  • Enzymes
  • glucan-sucrase
  • pharmaceutical
  • Sucrose
  • transfusion

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