Dextran of Diverse Molecular-Configurations Used as a Blood-Plasma Substitute, Drug-Delivery Vehicle and Food Additive Biosynthesized by Leuconostoc, Lactobacillus and Weissella

Divakar Dahiya, Poonam Singh - Nee Nigam

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Dextran, a microbial metabolite of diverse molecular configurations, can be biosynthesized employing selected strains of characterized species of bacteria. Dextran molecules are secreted as an extracellular polysaccharide in the culture medium of the bacterial fermentation system. This microbially produced polymer of glucose possesses multi-faceted characteristics such as its solubility in different solvents and formation of dextran solutions of needed viscosity. Several preparations can be formulated for the desired thermal and rheological properties. Due to such multifunctional characteristics, dextran with different structural specifications is a desired polysaccharide for clinical, pharmaceutical, and food industry commercial applications. Dextran and its derivative products with various molecular weights, in a range of high and low, have established their uses in drug delivery and in analytical devices using columns packed with polysaccharide gel. Therefore, being a neutral raw material, the resourcefulness of dextran preparations of different molecular weights and linkages in their polymer configuration is important. For this purpose, several studies have been performed to produce this commercially important polysaccharide under optimized bacterial cultivation processes. This article aims to overview recently published research reports on some significant applications of dextran in the pharmaceutical and food industries. Studies conducted under optimized conditions in fermentation processes for the biosynthesis of dextran of diverse molecular configurations, which are responsible for its multifunctional properties, have been summarized. Concise information has been presented in three separate tables for each group of specific bacterial species employed to obtain this extracellular microbial polysaccharide.
Keywords: polysaccharide; dextran; clinical; drug delivery; dextranase; food; pharmaceutical; sucrose; Leuconostoc; Lactobacillus; bacteria
Original languageEnglish
Article number12526
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume13
Issue number22
Early online date20 Nov 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished online - 20 Nov 2023

Keywords

  • polysaccharide
  • dextran
  • clinical
  • drug delivery
  • dextranase
  • food
  • pharmaceutical
  • sucrose
  • Leuconostoc
  • Lactobacillus
  • bacteria

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