Development of resilient and environmentally responsible highway infrastructure solutions using geopolymer cement concrete

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Despite local and national road authorities striving to provide motorists with a durable and safe infrastructure environment, one in six UK roads is currently classed as being in poor condition. In terms of safety, Department for Transport statistics continue to report high numbers of road fatalities; 1,780 in 2015, representing a 3% increase from the previous year. As such, research focussed on developing resilient and cost effective planned/preventative highway maintenance solutions remains highly topical. Reported in this paper is research aimed at developing high performance, low impact solutions for both highway repair and skid resistance enhancement. Based on a metakaolin/alkali silicate-based geopolymer cementitious material, a mix optimisation investigation is initially reported, providing key fresh and mechanical material properties such as setting time and compressive/flexural strength. Using optimum mix designs, the paper then presents an assessment of geopolymer cement concrete’s suitability as a highway repair material. To this end, wear and skidding resistance characteristics of potholes repaired with geopolymer cement concrete is reported, with initial findings suggesting excellent performance levels. Finally, the paper examines the potential use of a geopolymer cement-based artificial aggregate as a cost effective alternative to calcined bauxite for high friction surfacing applications. Initial production trials of aggregate will be discussed, together with effects of accelerated trafficking on texture depth retention.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2016
EventCivil Engineering Research in Ireland 2016 (CERI2016) Conference - National University of Ireland Galway, Ireland
Duration: 28 Aug 2016 → …

Conference

ConferenceCivil Engineering Research in Ireland 2016 (CERI2016) Conference
Period28/08/16 → …

Fingerprint

Geopolymers
Cements
Concretes
Repair
Skidding
Skid resistance
Hard facing
Bending strength
Silicates
Costs
Materials properties
Textures
Wear of materials
Statistics
Friction

Keywords

  • Geopolymer Cement
  • Novel Cements
  • Road Maintenance
  • Permanent Road Repair
  • High Friction Surfacing

Cite this

@inproceedings{1b57d2e5f225406391316a6377d1e406,
title = "Development of resilient and environmentally responsible highway infrastructure solutions using geopolymer cement concrete",
abstract = "Despite local and national road authorities striving to provide motorists with a durable and safe infrastructure environment, one in six UK roads is currently classed as being in poor condition. In terms of safety, Department for Transport statistics continue to report high numbers of road fatalities; 1,780 in 2015, representing a 3{\%} increase from the previous year. As such, research focussed on developing resilient and cost effective planned/preventative highway maintenance solutions remains highly topical. Reported in this paper is research aimed at developing high performance, low impact solutions for both highway repair and skid resistance enhancement. Based on a metakaolin/alkali silicate-based geopolymer cementitious material, a mix optimisation investigation is initially reported, providing key fresh and mechanical material properties such as setting time and compressive/flexural strength. Using optimum mix designs, the paper then presents an assessment of geopolymer cement concrete’s suitability as a highway repair material. To this end, wear and skidding resistance characteristics of potholes repaired with geopolymer cement concrete is reported, with initial findings suggesting excellent performance levels. Finally, the paper examines the potential use of a geopolymer cement-based artificial aggregate as a cost effective alternative to calcined bauxite for high friction surfacing applications. Initial production trials of aggregate will be discussed, together with effects of accelerated trafficking on texture depth retention.",
keywords = "Geopolymer Cement, Novel Cements, Road Maintenance, Permanent Road Repair, High Friction Surfacing",
author = "Allistair Wilkinson and Bryan Magee and David Woodward and Svetlana Tretsiakova-McNally",
note = "Reference text: [1] McLellan, B.C., Williams, R.P., Lay, J., van Riessan, A. and Corder, G.D., 2011. Costs and carbon emissions for geopolymer pastes in comparison to ordinary Portland cement. Journal of Cleaner Production, 19 pp. 1080-1090. [2] Davidovits, J., 2013. Geopolymer Cement: A Review. Saint Quentin: Geopolymer Institute. [3] Banah UK, 2014. Introduction to Geopolymer Binders. Ballyclare: Banah UK. [4] Glasby, T., Day, J., Kemp, M. and Aldred, J., 2014. Geopolymer Concrete for Durable Linings. [Online] Available at: http://www.tunneltalk.com/TunnelTECH-Jan2014 [Accessed 22 January 2016]. [5] Abdulkareem, O.A., Al Bakri, A.M.M., Kamarudin, H. and Khairul Nizar, I., 2014. Fire resistance evaluation of lightweight geopolymer concrete system exposed to elevated temperatures of 100-800°C. Key Engineering Materials, 594-595 pp. 427-432. [6] British Standards Institution, 2016. PAS 8820: 2016. Construction materials. Alkali-activated cementitious material and concrete. Specification. Milton Keynes: BSI. [7] Asphalt Industry Alliance, 2015. Why Asphalt? [Online] Available at: http://www.asphaltuk.org/mobile/index.asp?page=whyasphalt [Accessed 26 May 2015]. [8] Hawa, A., Tonnayopas, D., Prachasaree, W. and Taneerananon, P., 2013. Development and Performance Evaluation of Very High Early Strength Geopolymer for Rapid Road Repair. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering. 2013 pp. 1-9. [9] Robinson, H., 2013. High Friction Surfacing. Highways Magazine, [online]. Available at http://www.rstauk. org/downloads/High_Friction_Surfacing_in_Highways_Magazine_O ctober_2013.pdf. [Accessed 1 February 2016]. [10] British Standards Institute, 1999. BS EN 1015-11: 1999. Methods of test for mortar for masonry. Determination of flexural and compressive strength of hardened mortar. Milton Keynes: BSI. [11] British Standards Institute, 1999. BS EN 1015-3: 1999, Determination of consistence of fresh mortar (by flow table). Milton Keynes: BSI. [12] British Standards Institute, 2005. BS EN 196-3: 2005, Determination of setting times and soundness. Milton Keynes: BSI. [13] British Standards Institute, 1999. BS EN 1015-1: 1999, Methods of test for mortar for masonry. Determination of particle size distribution (by sieve analysis). Milton Keynes: BSI. [14] Transportation Research Laboratory, 1997. Report 176 Laboratory Tests On High-Friction Surfaces For Highways. Berkshire: TRL. [15] Road Research Laboratory, 1969. Road Note 27 – Instructions for using the portable skid-resistance tester. London: HMSO. [16] MCHW, 2016. Manual of Contract Documents for Highway Works, Volume 1: Specification for Highway Works, Series 1000: Road Pavements – Concrete Materials. London: Department for Transport. [17] McDaniel RS, Olek J, Magee BJ, Behnood A, and Pollock R, 2014. NCHRP SYNTHESIS 463 - Pavement Patching Practices: A synthesis of Highway Practice. Washington D.C.: Transportation Research Board [18] British Standards Institute, 1991. BS EN 1015-6: 1991, Methods of test for mortar for masonry – Part 6: Determination of bulk density of fresh mortar. Milton Keynes: BSI. [19] MCHW, 2005. Manual of Contract Documents for Highway Works, Volume 1: Specification for Highway Works, Series 900: Road Pavements – Bituminous Bound Materials. London: Department for Transport.",
year = "2016",
month = "8",
day = "28",
language = "English",
booktitle = "Unknown Host Publication",

}

Wilkinson, A, Magee, B, Woodward, D & Tretsiakova-McNally, S 2016, Development of resilient and environmentally responsible highway infrastructure solutions using geopolymer cement concrete. in Unknown Host Publication. Civil Engineering Research in Ireland 2016 (CERI2016) Conference, 28/08/16.

Development of resilient and environmentally responsible highway infrastructure solutions using geopolymer cement concrete. / Wilkinson, Allistair; Magee, Bryan; Woodward, David; Tretsiakova-McNally, Svetlana.

Unknown Host Publication. 2016.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Development of resilient and environmentally responsible highway infrastructure solutions using geopolymer cement concrete

AU - Wilkinson, Allistair

AU - Magee, Bryan

AU - Woodward, David

AU - Tretsiakova-McNally, Svetlana

N1 - Reference text: [1] McLellan, B.C., Williams, R.P., Lay, J., van Riessan, A. and Corder, G.D., 2011. Costs and carbon emissions for geopolymer pastes in comparison to ordinary Portland cement. Journal of Cleaner Production, 19 pp. 1080-1090. [2] Davidovits, J., 2013. Geopolymer Cement: A Review. Saint Quentin: Geopolymer Institute. [3] Banah UK, 2014. Introduction to Geopolymer Binders. Ballyclare: Banah UK. [4] Glasby, T., Day, J., Kemp, M. and Aldred, J., 2014. Geopolymer Concrete for Durable Linings. [Online] Available at: http://www.tunneltalk.com/TunnelTECH-Jan2014 [Accessed 22 January 2016]. [5] Abdulkareem, O.A., Al Bakri, A.M.M., Kamarudin, H. and Khairul Nizar, I., 2014. Fire resistance evaluation of lightweight geopolymer concrete system exposed to elevated temperatures of 100-800°C. Key Engineering Materials, 594-595 pp. 427-432. [6] British Standards Institution, 2016. PAS 8820: 2016. Construction materials. Alkali-activated cementitious material and concrete. Specification. Milton Keynes: BSI. [7] Asphalt Industry Alliance, 2015. Why Asphalt? [Online] Available at: http://www.asphaltuk.org/mobile/index.asp?page=whyasphalt [Accessed 26 May 2015]. [8] Hawa, A., Tonnayopas, D., Prachasaree, W. and Taneerananon, P., 2013. Development and Performance Evaluation of Very High Early Strength Geopolymer for Rapid Road Repair. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering. 2013 pp. 1-9. [9] Robinson, H., 2013. High Friction Surfacing. Highways Magazine, [online]. Available at http://www.rstauk. org/downloads/High_Friction_Surfacing_in_Highways_Magazine_O ctober_2013.pdf. [Accessed 1 February 2016]. [10] British Standards Institute, 1999. BS EN 1015-11: 1999. Methods of test for mortar for masonry. Determination of flexural and compressive strength of hardened mortar. Milton Keynes: BSI. [11] British Standards Institute, 1999. BS EN 1015-3: 1999, Determination of consistence of fresh mortar (by flow table). Milton Keynes: BSI. [12] British Standards Institute, 2005. BS EN 196-3: 2005, Determination of setting times and soundness. Milton Keynes: BSI. [13] British Standards Institute, 1999. BS EN 1015-1: 1999, Methods of test for mortar for masonry. Determination of particle size distribution (by sieve analysis). Milton Keynes: BSI. [14] Transportation Research Laboratory, 1997. Report 176 Laboratory Tests On High-Friction Surfaces For Highways. Berkshire: TRL. [15] Road Research Laboratory, 1969. Road Note 27 – Instructions for using the portable skid-resistance tester. London: HMSO. [16] MCHW, 2016. Manual of Contract Documents for Highway Works, Volume 1: Specification for Highway Works, Series 1000: Road Pavements – Concrete Materials. London: Department for Transport. [17] McDaniel RS, Olek J, Magee BJ, Behnood A, and Pollock R, 2014. NCHRP SYNTHESIS 463 - Pavement Patching Practices: A synthesis of Highway Practice. Washington D.C.: Transportation Research Board [18] British Standards Institute, 1991. BS EN 1015-6: 1991, Methods of test for mortar for masonry – Part 6: Determination of bulk density of fresh mortar. Milton Keynes: BSI. [19] MCHW, 2005. Manual of Contract Documents for Highway Works, Volume 1: Specification for Highway Works, Series 900: Road Pavements – Bituminous Bound Materials. London: Department for Transport.

PY - 2016/8/28

Y1 - 2016/8/28

N2 - Despite local and national road authorities striving to provide motorists with a durable and safe infrastructure environment, one in six UK roads is currently classed as being in poor condition. In terms of safety, Department for Transport statistics continue to report high numbers of road fatalities; 1,780 in 2015, representing a 3% increase from the previous year. As such, research focussed on developing resilient and cost effective planned/preventative highway maintenance solutions remains highly topical. Reported in this paper is research aimed at developing high performance, low impact solutions for both highway repair and skid resistance enhancement. Based on a metakaolin/alkali silicate-based geopolymer cementitious material, a mix optimisation investigation is initially reported, providing key fresh and mechanical material properties such as setting time and compressive/flexural strength. Using optimum mix designs, the paper then presents an assessment of geopolymer cement concrete’s suitability as a highway repair material. To this end, wear and skidding resistance characteristics of potholes repaired with geopolymer cement concrete is reported, with initial findings suggesting excellent performance levels. Finally, the paper examines the potential use of a geopolymer cement-based artificial aggregate as a cost effective alternative to calcined bauxite for high friction surfacing applications. Initial production trials of aggregate will be discussed, together with effects of accelerated trafficking on texture depth retention.

AB - Despite local and national road authorities striving to provide motorists with a durable and safe infrastructure environment, one in six UK roads is currently classed as being in poor condition. In terms of safety, Department for Transport statistics continue to report high numbers of road fatalities; 1,780 in 2015, representing a 3% increase from the previous year. As such, research focussed on developing resilient and cost effective planned/preventative highway maintenance solutions remains highly topical. Reported in this paper is research aimed at developing high performance, low impact solutions for both highway repair and skid resistance enhancement. Based on a metakaolin/alkali silicate-based geopolymer cementitious material, a mix optimisation investigation is initially reported, providing key fresh and mechanical material properties such as setting time and compressive/flexural strength. Using optimum mix designs, the paper then presents an assessment of geopolymer cement concrete’s suitability as a highway repair material. To this end, wear and skidding resistance characteristics of potholes repaired with geopolymer cement concrete is reported, with initial findings suggesting excellent performance levels. Finally, the paper examines the potential use of a geopolymer cement-based artificial aggregate as a cost effective alternative to calcined bauxite for high friction surfacing applications. Initial production trials of aggregate will be discussed, together with effects of accelerated trafficking on texture depth retention.

KW - Geopolymer Cement

KW - Novel Cements

KW - Road Maintenance

KW - Permanent Road Repair

KW - High Friction Surfacing

M3 - Conference contribution

BT - Unknown Host Publication

ER -