Development of a framework to preparemidwives for relief work in West Africa

Marie Elise Fred, WG Kernohan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background/Aims: Midwives who volunteer as aid workersoverseas need to be equipped with knowledge of the localculture and customs prior to their deployment. However, thisinformation is not always easily accessible. The aim of this studywas to address the need for knowledge prior to departure byinterviewing expatriate workers about their experiences of livingand working in Liberia, to develop a framework to guide thestructure of future guideline development.Methods: In this qualitative study, eight expatriate nursesand midwives working with humanitarian organisations wereinterviewed; transcripts were subject to thematic contentanalysis. It was possible to confirm the findings through personalexperiences of a 7-week placement as a midwife.Results/Conclusions: The findings suggest that information isrequired to support intrinsic, extrinsic and practical aspects ofworking as a midwife in humanitarian response situations. Thistripartite structure can be used to inform preparation more effectively.
LanguageEnglish
Pages72-76
JournalAfrican Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health
Volume9
Issue number2
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 14 Oct 2014

Fingerprint

Relief Work
Western Africa
Midwifery
Liberia
Volunteers
Organizations
Guidelines

Keywords

  • Midwives volunteer aid workers

Cite this

@article{ba3c42aeabce422380be3735435707c9,
title = "Development of a framework to preparemidwives for relief work in West Africa",
abstract = "Background/Aims: Midwives who volunteer as aid workersoverseas need to be equipped with knowledge of the localculture and customs prior to their deployment. However, thisinformation is not always easily accessible. The aim of this studywas to address the need for knowledge prior to departure byinterviewing expatriate workers about their experiences of livingand working in Liberia, to develop a framework to guide thestructure of future guideline development.Methods: In this qualitative study, eight expatriate nursesand midwives working with humanitarian organisations wereinterviewed; transcripts were subject to thematic contentanalysis. It was possible to confirm the findings through personalexperiences of a 7-week placement as a midwife.Results/Conclusions: The findings suggest that information isrequired to support intrinsic, extrinsic and practical aspects ofworking as a midwife in humanitarian response situations. Thistripartite structure can be used to inform preparation more effectively.",
keywords = "Midwives volunteer aid workers",
author = "Fred, {Marie Elise} and WG Kernohan",
note = "Reference text: Deeny P, McFetridge B (2005) the impact of disaster on culture, self, and identity: increased awareness by health care professionals is needed. Nurs Clin North Am 40(3): 431–40 Department of Health (2005) Research Governance Framework for Health and Social Care. 2nd edn. DH, London Elo S, Kyng{\"a}s H (2007) The qualitative content analysis process. J Adv Nurs 62(1): 107–15 Elsharkawi H, Sandbladh H, Aloudat T et al (2010) Preparing humanitarian workers for disaster response: a Red Cross/Red Crescent field training model. Humanitarian Exchange Magazine 46: 45–7 Goesch JN, de Fanti AS, B{\'e}chet S, Consigny P-H (2010) Comparison of knowledge on travel related health risks and their prevention among humanitarian aid workers and other travellers consulting at the Institut Pasteur travel clinic in Paris, France. Travel Med Infect Dis 8(6): 364–72 Graneheim UH, Lundman B (2003) Qualitative content analysis in nursing research: concepts, procedures and measures to achieve trust-worthiness. Nurse Educ Today 24(2): 105–12 Hammersley M, Atkinson P (1995) Ethnography. 2nd edn. Routledge, London Herman J, Hill D (2009) Advising the traveler. Medicine 38(1): 56–9 Holloway I, Wheeler S (2010) Qualitative Research in Nursing and Healthcare. 3rd edn. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (2005) Malaria: heath information for delegates. IFRC, Geneva International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (2009) Managing stress in the field. IFRC, Geneva International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (2011a) Medical- Cote d’Ivoire. IFRC, Geneva International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (2011b) What you need to know to stay healthy when on mission. IFRC, Geneva Johnson M, Long T (2010) Research ethics. In: Gerrish K, Lacey A, eds. The Research Process In Nursing. 6th edn. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester: 27–35 Munhall PL (2011) Nursing Research A Qualitative Perspective. 5th edn. Jones & Bartlett Learning, London Roberts L, Hofmann C-A (2004) Assessing the impact of humanitarian assistance in the health sector. Emerging themes in Epidemiology 1: 3 Spira A (2003) Preparing the traveller. Lancet 361(9366): 1368–81 Stemler (2001) An overview of content analysis. Pract Assess, Res Eval 7(17): 1–9 Subbarao I, Lyznicki J M, Hsu EB et al (2008) A consensus based educational framework and competency set for the discipline of disaster medicine and public health preparedness. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness 2(1): 57–68 Tappen RM (2011) Advanced nursing research: from theory to practice. Jones & Bartlett Learning, London The Sphere Project (2004) The Sphere Project: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response. The Sphere Project, Geneva Tuhkanen S, Maijala H, Kernohan WG (2008) A disaster preparedness and response project in Afghanistan:. J Adv Nurs 64(3): 287–97 Turner III DW (2010) Qualitative interview design; a practical guide for novice investigators. Qualitative Report 15(3): 754–60 US Department of State (2012) Background note: Liberia. USDoS, Washington. www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/6618.htm (accessed 1 April 2015) US General Accounting Office (1996) Content analysis: A Methodology for Structuring and Analyzing Written Material. GAO; Program Evaluation and Methodology Division, Washington Watson H, Booth J, Whyte R (2010) Observation. In: Gerrish K, Lacey A, eds. The Research Process in Nursing. 6th edn. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester: 382–94 Williams J, Nocera M, Casteel C (2008) The effectiveness of disaster training for health care workers: a systematic review. Annals Emerg Med 52(3): 211–22 World Health Organization (2011) Country Cooperation Strategy at a glance; Liberia. WHO, Geneva World Health Organization (2012) Countries; Liberia. WHO, Geneva",
year = "2014",
month = "10",
day = "14",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "72--76",
number = "2",

}

Development of a framework to preparemidwives for relief work in West Africa. / Fred, Marie Elise; Kernohan, WG.

Vol. 9, No. 2, 14.10.2014, p. 72-76.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of a framework to preparemidwives for relief work in West Africa

AU - Fred, Marie Elise

AU - Kernohan, WG

N1 - Reference text: Deeny P, McFetridge B (2005) the impact of disaster on culture, self, and identity: increased awareness by health care professionals is needed. Nurs Clin North Am 40(3): 431–40 Department of Health (2005) Research Governance Framework for Health and Social Care. 2nd edn. DH, London Elo S, Kyngäs H (2007) The qualitative content analysis process. J Adv Nurs 62(1): 107–15 Elsharkawi H, Sandbladh H, Aloudat T et al (2010) Preparing humanitarian workers for disaster response: a Red Cross/Red Crescent field training model. Humanitarian Exchange Magazine 46: 45–7 Goesch JN, de Fanti AS, Béchet S, Consigny P-H (2010) Comparison of knowledge on travel related health risks and their prevention among humanitarian aid workers and other travellers consulting at the Institut Pasteur travel clinic in Paris, France. Travel Med Infect Dis 8(6): 364–72 Graneheim UH, Lundman B (2003) Qualitative content analysis in nursing research: concepts, procedures and measures to achieve trust-worthiness. Nurse Educ Today 24(2): 105–12 Hammersley M, Atkinson P (1995) Ethnography. 2nd edn. Routledge, London Herman J, Hill D (2009) Advising the traveler. Medicine 38(1): 56–9 Holloway I, Wheeler S (2010) Qualitative Research in Nursing and Healthcare. 3rd edn. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (2005) Malaria: heath information for delegates. IFRC, Geneva International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (2009) Managing stress in the field. IFRC, Geneva International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (2011a) Medical- Cote d’Ivoire. IFRC, Geneva International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (2011b) What you need to know to stay healthy when on mission. IFRC, Geneva Johnson M, Long T (2010) Research ethics. In: Gerrish K, Lacey A, eds. The Research Process In Nursing. 6th edn. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester: 27–35 Munhall PL (2011) Nursing Research A Qualitative Perspective. 5th edn. Jones & Bartlett Learning, London Roberts L, Hofmann C-A (2004) Assessing the impact of humanitarian assistance in the health sector. Emerging themes in Epidemiology 1: 3 Spira A (2003) Preparing the traveller. Lancet 361(9366): 1368–81 Stemler (2001) An overview of content analysis. Pract Assess, Res Eval 7(17): 1–9 Subbarao I, Lyznicki J M, Hsu EB et al (2008) A consensus based educational framework and competency set for the discipline of disaster medicine and public health preparedness. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness 2(1): 57–68 Tappen RM (2011) Advanced nursing research: from theory to practice. Jones & Bartlett Learning, London The Sphere Project (2004) The Sphere Project: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response. The Sphere Project, Geneva Tuhkanen S, Maijala H, Kernohan WG (2008) A disaster preparedness and response project in Afghanistan:. J Adv Nurs 64(3): 287–97 Turner III DW (2010) Qualitative interview design; a practical guide for novice investigators. Qualitative Report 15(3): 754–60 US Department of State (2012) Background note: Liberia. USDoS, Washington. www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/6618.htm (accessed 1 April 2015) US General Accounting Office (1996) Content analysis: A Methodology for Structuring and Analyzing Written Material. GAO; Program Evaluation and Methodology Division, Washington Watson H, Booth J, Whyte R (2010) Observation. In: Gerrish K, Lacey A, eds. The Research Process in Nursing. 6th edn. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester: 382–94 Williams J, Nocera M, Casteel C (2008) The effectiveness of disaster training for health care workers: a systematic review. Annals Emerg Med 52(3): 211–22 World Health Organization (2011) Country Cooperation Strategy at a glance; Liberia. WHO, Geneva World Health Organization (2012) Countries; Liberia. WHO, Geneva

PY - 2014/10/14

Y1 - 2014/10/14

N2 - Background/Aims: Midwives who volunteer as aid workersoverseas need to be equipped with knowledge of the localculture and customs prior to their deployment. However, thisinformation is not always easily accessible. The aim of this studywas to address the need for knowledge prior to departure byinterviewing expatriate workers about their experiences of livingand working in Liberia, to develop a framework to guide thestructure of future guideline development.Methods: In this qualitative study, eight expatriate nursesand midwives working with humanitarian organisations wereinterviewed; transcripts were subject to thematic contentanalysis. It was possible to confirm the findings through personalexperiences of a 7-week placement as a midwife.Results/Conclusions: The findings suggest that information isrequired to support intrinsic, extrinsic and practical aspects ofworking as a midwife in humanitarian response situations. Thistripartite structure can be used to inform preparation more effectively.

AB - Background/Aims: Midwives who volunteer as aid workersoverseas need to be equipped with knowledge of the localculture and customs prior to their deployment. However, thisinformation is not always easily accessible. The aim of this studywas to address the need for knowledge prior to departure byinterviewing expatriate workers about their experiences of livingand working in Liberia, to develop a framework to guide thestructure of future guideline development.Methods: In this qualitative study, eight expatriate nursesand midwives working with humanitarian organisations wereinterviewed; transcripts were subject to thematic contentanalysis. It was possible to confirm the findings through personalexperiences of a 7-week placement as a midwife.Results/Conclusions: The findings suggest that information isrequired to support intrinsic, extrinsic and practical aspects ofworking as a midwife in humanitarian response situations. Thistripartite structure can be used to inform preparation more effectively.

KW - Midwives volunteer aid workers

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 72

EP - 76

IS - 2

ER -