Developing Wound Moisture Sensors: Opportunities and Challenges for Laser-Induced Graphene-Based Materials

Emma Crowe, Cameron Scott, Sarah Cameron, Jill H. Cundell, James Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
85 Downloads (Pure)


Recent advances in polymer composites have led to new, multifunctional wound dressings that can greatly improve healing processes, but assessing the moisture status of the underlying wound site still requires frequent visual inspection. Moisture is a key mediator in tissue regeneration and it has long been recognised that there is an opportunity for smart systems to provide quantitative information such that dressing selection can be optimised and nursing time prioritised. Composite technologies have a rich history in the development of moisture/humidity sensors but the challenges presented within the clinical context have been considerable. This review aims to train a spotlight on existing barriers and highlight how laser-induced graphene could lead to emerging material design strategies that could allow clinically acceptable systems to emerge
Original languageEnglish
Article number176
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Composites Science
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 16 Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was funded by the Department for the Economy (DfE), Northern Ireland.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • wounds
  • community nursing
  • sensors
  • moisture
  • RFID
  • laser-induced graphene
  • LIG
  • polymers


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