Detecting Seismic Anomalies in Outgoing Long-Wave Radiation Data

Xiangzeng Kong, Yaxin Bi, David Glass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a Geometric Moving Average Martingale (GMAM) method for change detection. There are two components underpinning the method which enable it to reduce false detections. The first is the exponential weighting of observations to obtain the GMAM value and the second is the use of the value for hypothesis testing to determine whether a change has occurred. Extension of the GMAM method to the average GMAM (AG) method has been applied to analyze seismic anomalies within outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) data observed by satellites from 2006 to 2013 for the two recent Wenchuan and Lushan earthquakes and four comparative study areas: Wenchuan, Puer, Beijing, and Northeastern areas. The Yushu earthquake and Hetian earthquake have also been examined. The experimental results show that the proposed AG method can effectively extract abnormal changes within OLR data and that there are large AG values in the pre and post occurrence of the earthquakes in these areas, which could be viewed as seismic anomalies, and the AG method has experimentally compared with the deviation method. The experimental results show that the AG method can effectively reflect the change process in OLR data.
LanguageEnglish
JournalIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing
Volume0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jan 2015

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longwave radiation
anomaly
earthquake
method
hypothesis testing
comparative study

Keywords

  • Anomaly detection
  • Geometric Moving Average Martingale
  • outgoing long-wave radiation

Cite this

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title = "Detecting Seismic Anomalies in Outgoing Long-Wave Radiation Data",
abstract = "In this paper, we propose a Geometric Moving Average Martingale (GMAM) method for change detection. There are two components underpinning the method which enable it to reduce false detections. The first is the exponential weighting of observations to obtain the GMAM value and the second is the use of the value for hypothesis testing to determine whether a change has occurred. Extension of the GMAM method to the average GMAM (AG) method has been applied to analyze seismic anomalies within outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) data observed by satellites from 2006 to 2013 for the two recent Wenchuan and Lushan earthquakes and four comparative study areas: Wenchuan, Puer, Beijing, and Northeastern areas. The Yushu earthquake and Hetian earthquake have also been examined. The experimental results show that the proposed AG method can effectively extract abnormal changes within OLR data and that there are large AG values in the pre and post occurrence of the earthquakes in these areas, which could be viewed as seismic anomalies, and the AG method has experimentally compared with the deviation method. The experimental results show that the AG method can effectively reflect the change process in OLR data.",
keywords = "Anomaly detection, Geometric Moving Average Martingale, outgoing long-wave radiation",
author = "Xiangzeng Kong and Yaxin Bi and David Glass",
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AU - Bi, Yaxin

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N2 - In this paper, we propose a Geometric Moving Average Martingale (GMAM) method for change detection. There are two components underpinning the method which enable it to reduce false detections. The first is the exponential weighting of observations to obtain the GMAM value and the second is the use of the value for hypothesis testing to determine whether a change has occurred. Extension of the GMAM method to the average GMAM (AG) method has been applied to analyze seismic anomalies within outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) data observed by satellites from 2006 to 2013 for the two recent Wenchuan and Lushan earthquakes and four comparative study areas: Wenchuan, Puer, Beijing, and Northeastern areas. The Yushu earthquake and Hetian earthquake have also been examined. The experimental results show that the proposed AG method can effectively extract abnormal changes within OLR data and that there are large AG values in the pre and post occurrence of the earthquakes in these areas, which could be viewed as seismic anomalies, and the AG method has experimentally compared with the deviation method. The experimental results show that the AG method can effectively reflect the change process in OLR data.

AB - In this paper, we propose a Geometric Moving Average Martingale (GMAM) method for change detection. There are two components underpinning the method which enable it to reduce false detections. The first is the exponential weighting of observations to obtain the GMAM value and the second is the use of the value for hypothesis testing to determine whether a change has occurred. Extension of the GMAM method to the average GMAM (AG) method has been applied to analyze seismic anomalies within outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) data observed by satellites from 2006 to 2013 for the two recent Wenchuan and Lushan earthquakes and four comparative study areas: Wenchuan, Puer, Beijing, and Northeastern areas. The Yushu earthquake and Hetian earthquake have also been examined. The experimental results show that the proposed AG method can effectively extract abnormal changes within OLR data and that there are large AG values in the pre and post occurrence of the earthquakes in these areas, which could be viewed as seismic anomalies, and the AG method has experimentally compared with the deviation method. The experimental results show that the AG method can effectively reflect the change process in OLR data.

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