Degradation, receptor binding, insulin secreting and antihyperglycaemic actions of palmitate-derivatised native and Ala(8)-substituted GLP-1 analogues

BD Green, Victor Gault, MH Mooney, Nigel Irwin, P Harriott, B Greer, CJ Bailey, Finbarr O'Harte, Peter Flatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The hormone glucagonlike peptide-1(736)amide (GLP-1) is released in response to ingested nutrients and acts to promote glucosedependent insulin secretion ensuring efficient postprandial glucose homeostasis. Unfortunately, the beneficial actions of GLP-1 which give this hormone many of the desirable properties of an antidiabetic drug are short lived due to degradation by dipeptidylpeptidase IV (DPP IV) and rapid clearance by renal filtration. In this study we have attempted to extend GLP-1 action through the attachment of palmitoyl moieties to the epsilon-amino group in the side chain of the Lys(26) residue and to combine this modification with substitutions of the Ala(8) residue, namely Val or aminobutyric acid (Abu). In contrast to native GLP-1, which was rapidly degraded, [Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1, [Abu(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 and [Val(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 all exhibited profound stability during 12 h incubations with DPP IV and human plasma. Receptor binding affinity and the ability to increase cyclic AMP in the clonal beta-cell line BRIN-BD11 were decreased by 86- to 167-fold and 15- to 62-fold, respectively compared with native GLP-1. However, insulin secretory potency tested using BRIN-BD11 cells was similar, or in the case of [Val(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 enhanced. Furthermore, when administered in vivo together with glucose to diabetic (ob/ob) mice, [Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1, [Abu(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 and [Val8,Lys(pal)26]GLP-1 did not demonstrate acute glucoselowering or insulinotropic activity as observed with native GLP-1. These studies support the potential usefulness of fatty acid linked analogues of GLP-1 but indicate the importance of chain length for peptide kinetics and bioavailability.
LanguageEnglish
Pages169-177
JournalBiological Chemistry
Volume385
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2004

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Palmitates
Hypoglycemic Agents
Amides
Insulin
Degradation
Peptides
Aminobutyrates
Plasma (human)
Glucose
Peptide Hormones
Chain length
Cyclic AMP
Nutrients

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title = "Degradation, receptor binding, insulin secreting and antihyperglycaemic actions of palmitate-derivatised native and Ala(8)-substituted GLP-1 analogues",
abstract = "The hormone glucagonlike peptide-1(736)amide (GLP-1) is released in response to ingested nutrients and acts to promote glucosedependent insulin secretion ensuring efficient postprandial glucose homeostasis. Unfortunately, the beneficial actions of GLP-1 which give this hormone many of the desirable properties of an antidiabetic drug are short lived due to degradation by dipeptidylpeptidase IV (DPP IV) and rapid clearance by renal filtration. In this study we have attempted to extend GLP-1 action through the attachment of palmitoyl moieties to the epsilon-amino group in the side chain of the Lys(26) residue and to combine this modification with substitutions of the Ala(8) residue, namely Val or aminobutyric acid (Abu). In contrast to native GLP-1, which was rapidly degraded, [Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1, [Abu(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 and [Val(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 all exhibited profound stability during 12 h incubations with DPP IV and human plasma. Receptor binding affinity and the ability to increase cyclic AMP in the clonal beta-cell line BRIN-BD11 were decreased by 86- to 167-fold and 15- to 62-fold, respectively compared with native GLP-1. However, insulin secretory potency tested using BRIN-BD11 cells was similar, or in the case of [Val(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 enhanced. Furthermore, when administered in vivo together with glucose to diabetic (ob/ob) mice, [Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1, [Abu(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 and [Val8,Lys(pal)26]GLP-1 did not demonstrate acute glucoselowering or insulinotropic activity as observed with native GLP-1. These studies support the potential usefulness of fatty acid linked analogues of GLP-1 but indicate the importance of chain length for peptide kinetics and bioavailability.",
author = "BD Green and Victor Gault and MH Mooney and Nigel Irwin and P Harriott and B Greer and CJ Bailey and Finbarr O'Harte and Peter Flatt",
year = "2004",
month = "2",
language = "English",
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pages = "169--177",
journal = "Biological Chemistry",
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Degradation, receptor binding, insulin secreting and antihyperglycaemic actions of palmitate-derivatised native and Ala(8)-substituted GLP-1 analogues. / Green, BD; Gault, Victor; Mooney, MH; Irwin, Nigel; Harriott, P; Greer, B; Bailey, CJ; O'Harte, Finbarr; Flatt, Peter.

In: Biological Chemistry, Vol. 385, No. 2, 02.2004, p. 169-177.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Degradation, receptor binding, insulin secreting and antihyperglycaemic actions of palmitate-derivatised native and Ala(8)-substituted GLP-1 analogues

AU - Green, BD

AU - Gault, Victor

AU - Mooney, MH

AU - Irwin, Nigel

AU - Harriott, P

AU - Greer, B

AU - Bailey, CJ

AU - O'Harte, Finbarr

AU - Flatt, Peter

PY - 2004/2

Y1 - 2004/2

N2 - The hormone glucagonlike peptide-1(736)amide (GLP-1) is released in response to ingested nutrients and acts to promote glucosedependent insulin secretion ensuring efficient postprandial glucose homeostasis. Unfortunately, the beneficial actions of GLP-1 which give this hormone many of the desirable properties of an antidiabetic drug are short lived due to degradation by dipeptidylpeptidase IV (DPP IV) and rapid clearance by renal filtration. In this study we have attempted to extend GLP-1 action through the attachment of palmitoyl moieties to the epsilon-amino group in the side chain of the Lys(26) residue and to combine this modification with substitutions of the Ala(8) residue, namely Val or aminobutyric acid (Abu). In contrast to native GLP-1, which was rapidly degraded, [Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1, [Abu(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 and [Val(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 all exhibited profound stability during 12 h incubations with DPP IV and human plasma. Receptor binding affinity and the ability to increase cyclic AMP in the clonal beta-cell line BRIN-BD11 were decreased by 86- to 167-fold and 15- to 62-fold, respectively compared with native GLP-1. However, insulin secretory potency tested using BRIN-BD11 cells was similar, or in the case of [Val(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 enhanced. Furthermore, when administered in vivo together with glucose to diabetic (ob/ob) mice, [Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1, [Abu(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 and [Val8,Lys(pal)26]GLP-1 did not demonstrate acute glucoselowering or insulinotropic activity as observed with native GLP-1. These studies support the potential usefulness of fatty acid linked analogues of GLP-1 but indicate the importance of chain length for peptide kinetics and bioavailability.

AB - The hormone glucagonlike peptide-1(736)amide (GLP-1) is released in response to ingested nutrients and acts to promote glucosedependent insulin secretion ensuring efficient postprandial glucose homeostasis. Unfortunately, the beneficial actions of GLP-1 which give this hormone many of the desirable properties of an antidiabetic drug are short lived due to degradation by dipeptidylpeptidase IV (DPP IV) and rapid clearance by renal filtration. In this study we have attempted to extend GLP-1 action through the attachment of palmitoyl moieties to the epsilon-amino group in the side chain of the Lys(26) residue and to combine this modification with substitutions of the Ala(8) residue, namely Val or aminobutyric acid (Abu). In contrast to native GLP-1, which was rapidly degraded, [Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1, [Abu(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 and [Val(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 all exhibited profound stability during 12 h incubations with DPP IV and human plasma. Receptor binding affinity and the ability to increase cyclic AMP in the clonal beta-cell line BRIN-BD11 were decreased by 86- to 167-fold and 15- to 62-fold, respectively compared with native GLP-1. However, insulin secretory potency tested using BRIN-BD11 cells was similar, or in the case of [Val(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 enhanced. Furthermore, when administered in vivo together with glucose to diabetic (ob/ob) mice, [Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1, [Abu(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 and [Val8,Lys(pal)26]GLP-1 did not demonstrate acute glucoselowering or insulinotropic activity as observed with native GLP-1. These studies support the potential usefulness of fatty acid linked analogues of GLP-1 but indicate the importance of chain length for peptide kinetics and bioavailability.

M3 - Article

VL - 385

SP - 169

EP - 177

JO - Biological Chemistry

T2 - Biological Chemistry

JF - Biological Chemistry

SN - 1431-6730

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ER -