DC- Versus AC-Based Power Systems for Cost-Effective Electrification of Rural Sub-Saharan Africa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Sub-Saharan Africa continues to suffer energy poverty due to low grid expansion rates necessitated by low economic activities in those regions, sparse population distribution coupled with low household load demands, and insufficient power generation. On the other hand, small solar power microgeneration systems have emerged as potential alternatives to grid electrifications, enabling households to make modest investments into their power systems, and to modify their systems according to their changing economic and power demand circumstances. For rural social-economic development, electricity-beyond-lighting is needed. Without the grid, the only alternative is minigrids based on locally available renewable energy resources. In this work, we compare the merits and demerits of DC and AC coupled systems as pertains to costs, efficiencies, and overall performances. Research shows that power conversion stages are the biggest points of power losses in minigrids and therefore avoiding many conversion stages lead to improved overall system efficiencies. Research also shows that the best performances are realized when DC-inherent appliances are supplied with power from DC-coupled networks, supplied by distributed DC power generators such as PV. Simulation results show that when given choices, consumers choose to connect to DC networks with decentralized storage to due to lowest operating costs, ease of expansion, and overall better performances when compared to other networks.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceeds of the EU PVSEC 2019
Place of PublicationMunich, Germany
Pages1509-1515
Number of pages7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Oct 2019
Event36th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference - Marseille Chanot Convention and Exhibition Centre, Marseille, France
Duration: 9 Sep 201913 Sep 2019
Conference number: 36
https://www.photovoltaic-conference.com/

Conference

Conference36th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference
Abbreviated titleEUPVSEC
CountryFrance
CityMarseille
Period9/09/1913/09/19
Internet address

Fingerprint

Economics
Population distribution
Costs
Renewable energy resources
Operating costs
Solar energy
Power generation
Electricity
Lighting

Keywords

  • Minigrid
  • DC/Ac Coupling
  • Conversion Losses

Cite this

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abstract = "Sub-Saharan Africa continues to suffer energy poverty due to low grid expansion rates necessitated by low economic activities in those regions, sparse population distribution coupled with low household load demands, and insufficient power generation. On the other hand, small solar power microgeneration systems have emerged as potential alternatives to grid electrifications, enabling households to make modest investments into their power systems, and to modify their systems according to their changing economic and power demand circumstances. For rural social-economic development, electricity-beyond-lighting is needed. Without the grid, the only alternative is minigrids based on locally available renewable energy resources. In this work, we compare the merits and demerits of DC and AC coupled systems as pertains to costs, efficiencies, and overall performances. Research shows that power conversion stages are the biggest points of power losses in minigrids and therefore avoiding many conversion stages lead to improved overall system efficiencies. Research also shows that the best performances are realized when DC-inherent appliances are supplied with power from DC-coupled networks, supplied by distributed DC power generators such as PV. Simulation results show that when given choices, consumers choose to connect to DC networks with decentralized storage to due to lowest operating costs, ease of expansion, and overall better performances when compared to other networks.",
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Opiyo, N 2019, DC- Versus AC-Based Power Systems for Cost-Effective Electrification of Rural Sub-Saharan Africa. in Proceeds of the EU PVSEC 2019. Munich, Germany, pp. 1509-1515, 36th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Marseille, France, 9/09/19. https://doi.org/10.4229/EUPVSEC20192019-5CV.3.44

DC- Versus AC-Based Power Systems for Cost-Effective Electrification of Rural Sub-Saharan Africa. / Opiyo, Nicholas.

Proceeds of the EU PVSEC 2019. Munich, Germany, 2019. p. 1509-1515.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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AB - Sub-Saharan Africa continues to suffer energy poverty due to low grid expansion rates necessitated by low economic activities in those regions, sparse population distribution coupled with low household load demands, and insufficient power generation. On the other hand, small solar power microgeneration systems have emerged as potential alternatives to grid electrifications, enabling households to make modest investments into their power systems, and to modify their systems according to their changing economic and power demand circumstances. For rural social-economic development, electricity-beyond-lighting is needed. Without the grid, the only alternative is minigrids based on locally available renewable energy resources. In this work, we compare the merits and demerits of DC and AC coupled systems as pertains to costs, efficiencies, and overall performances. Research shows that power conversion stages are the biggest points of power losses in minigrids and therefore avoiding many conversion stages lead to improved overall system efficiencies. Research also shows that the best performances are realized when DC-inherent appliances are supplied with power from DC-coupled networks, supplied by distributed DC power generators such as PV. Simulation results show that when given choices, consumers choose to connect to DC networks with decentralized storage to due to lowest operating costs, ease of expansion, and overall better performances when compared to other networks.

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