Days out of role due to common physical and mental conditions: results from the Northern Ireland study of health and stress

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Abstract

Purpose: Days out of role due to health problems are a major source of lost human capital. We examined the relative importance of common physical and mental disorders in accounting for days out of role in Northern Ireland using the Northern Ireland Study of Health and Stress (NISHS) WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Survey.Methods: Face-to-face interviews were carried out with 4340 respondents (68.4 % response rate). Multipleregression analysis estimated associations of specific chronic physical disorders and mental disorders conditions and comorbidities with days out of role controlling for basic socio-demographics.Results: Overall, 16.8 % of respondents had at least one day totally out of role in the previous year. The strongest population-level effect was associated with arthritis, which accounted for 23.5 % of all days out of role. The strongest individual-level effects (days out of role per year) were associated with any anxiety disorder (32.3) arthritis (26.1) and pain (22.0). The 11 conditions accounted for 93 % of all days out of role, as measured by population attributable risk proportions (PARPs).Conclusions: Common health conditions, including mental disorders, make up a large proportion of the number of days out of role and should be addressed to substantially increase overall productivity
LanguageEnglish
Pages1539-1546
JournalSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Volume51
Issue number11
Early online date12 Aug 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Aug 2016

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Northern Ireland
mental disorder
Mental Disorders
Arthritis
Health
health
demographic situation
comorbidity
Health Surveys
Anxiety Disorders
WHO
Population
human capital
Comorbidity
pain
Mental Health
productivity
mental health
Economics
Demography

Keywords

  • Mental disorders
  • Chronic disease
  • Disability
  • Productivity loss
  • Prevalence
  • Burden of disease

Cite this

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title = "Days out of role due to common physical and mental conditions: results from the Northern Ireland study of health and stress",
abstract = "Purpose: Days out of role due to health problems are a major source of lost human capital. We examined the relative importance of common physical and mental disorders in accounting for days out of role in Northern Ireland using the Northern Ireland Study of Health and Stress (NISHS) WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Survey.Methods: Face-to-face interviews were carried out with 4340 respondents (68.4 {\%} response rate). Multipleregression analysis estimated associations of specific chronic physical disorders and mental disorders conditions and comorbidities with days out of role controlling for basic socio-demographics.Results: Overall, 16.8 {\%} of respondents had at least one day totally out of role in the previous year. The strongest population-level effect was associated with arthritis, which accounted for 23.5 {\%} of all days out of role. The strongest individual-level effects (days out of role per year) were associated with any anxiety disorder (32.3) arthritis (26.1) and pain (22.0). The 11 conditions accounted for 93 {\%} of all days out of role, as measured by population attributable risk proportions (PARPs).Conclusions: Common health conditions, including mental disorders, make up a large proportion of the number of days out of role and should be addressed to substantially increase overall productivity",
keywords = "Mental disorders, Chronic disease, Disability, Productivity loss, Prevalence, Burden of disease",
author = "Edel Ennis and Siobhan O'Neill and SD Murphy and Brendan Bunting",
note = "Emailed REF team to check if this could be compliant as the manuscript was uploaded 6 months after the article was published but was within the embargo period. REF team confirmed this does not make the item REF OA Compliant.",
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T1 - Days out of role due to common physical and mental conditions: results from the Northern Ireland study of health and stress

AU - Ennis, Edel

AU - O'Neill, Siobhan

AU - Murphy, SD

AU - Bunting, Brendan

N1 - Emailed REF team to check if this could be compliant as the manuscript was uploaded 6 months after the article was published but was within the embargo period. REF team confirmed this does not make the item REF OA Compliant.

PY - 2016/8/12

Y1 - 2016/8/12

N2 - Purpose: Days out of role due to health problems are a major source of lost human capital. We examined the relative importance of common physical and mental disorders in accounting for days out of role in Northern Ireland using the Northern Ireland Study of Health and Stress (NISHS) WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Survey.Methods: Face-to-face interviews were carried out with 4340 respondents (68.4 % response rate). Multipleregression analysis estimated associations of specific chronic physical disorders and mental disorders conditions and comorbidities with days out of role controlling for basic socio-demographics.Results: Overall, 16.8 % of respondents had at least one day totally out of role in the previous year. The strongest population-level effect was associated with arthritis, which accounted for 23.5 % of all days out of role. The strongest individual-level effects (days out of role per year) were associated with any anxiety disorder (32.3) arthritis (26.1) and pain (22.0). The 11 conditions accounted for 93 % of all days out of role, as measured by population attributable risk proportions (PARPs).Conclusions: Common health conditions, including mental disorders, make up a large proportion of the number of days out of role and should be addressed to substantially increase overall productivity

AB - Purpose: Days out of role due to health problems are a major source of lost human capital. We examined the relative importance of common physical and mental disorders in accounting for days out of role in Northern Ireland using the Northern Ireland Study of Health and Stress (NISHS) WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Survey.Methods: Face-to-face interviews were carried out with 4340 respondents (68.4 % response rate). Multipleregression analysis estimated associations of specific chronic physical disorders and mental disorders conditions and comorbidities with days out of role controlling for basic socio-demographics.Results: Overall, 16.8 % of respondents had at least one day totally out of role in the previous year. The strongest population-level effect was associated with arthritis, which accounted for 23.5 % of all days out of role. The strongest individual-level effects (days out of role per year) were associated with any anxiety disorder (32.3) arthritis (26.1) and pain (22.0). The 11 conditions accounted for 93 % of all days out of role, as measured by population attributable risk proportions (PARPs).Conclusions: Common health conditions, including mental disorders, make up a large proportion of the number of days out of role and should be addressed to substantially increase overall productivity

KW - Mental disorders

KW - Chronic disease

KW - Disability

KW - Productivity loss

KW - Prevalence

KW - Burden of disease

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