Cycles, Vocabulary Items and stem forms in Hiaki

Heidi Harley, Mercedes Tubino Blanco

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We argue that class features in Hiaki are not properties of roots in the syntax but rather are properties of Vocabulary Items, the phonological exponents inserted at the end of the syntactic derivation. Irregular morphophonological rules (Readjustment Rules) apply to a particular class of Vocabulary Items in the appropriate morphosyntactic environment. Classifications of this kind play no role in the syntactic/semantic computation, but are crucial in triggering the application of the appropriate morphophonological rule to yield the correct surface form in such cases. The existence of such morphophonological classifications, irrelevant to syntax, is thus an argument against the lexeme, as such, and in favor of the DM-style separation of lexical information into (at least) two lists: List 1, input to the syntax (the source of the Numeration in Minimalist syntactic theories), and List 2, Vocabulary Items which simply realize the output of the syntax. Further, the Hiaki case provides a clear argument for Vocabulary Insertion applying to Root elements (l- morphemes, in Harley & Noyer 2000's terminology), as well as to f-morphemes. In addition, the notion of a phasal cycle within the word proves useful in permitting a simple statement of the relevant conditioning context for the application of morphophonological rules.
    LanguageEnglish
    Title of host publicationDistributed Morphology Today: Morphemes for Morris Halle
    EditorsOra Matushansky, Alec Marantz
    Place of PublicationCambridge, MA
    Pages117-134
    Publication statusPublished - 19 Jul 2013

    Fingerprint

    Vocabulary
    Syntax
    Morpheme
    Insertion
    Irregular
    Surface Form
    Syntactic Theory
    Conditioning

    Keywords

    • Roots
    • morphemes
    • suppletion
    • cycle
    • locality
    • Yaqui
    • competition

    Cite this

    Harley, H., & Tubino Blanco, M. (2013). Cycles, Vocabulary Items and stem forms in Hiaki. In O. Matushansky, & A. Marantz (Eds.), Distributed Morphology Today: Morphemes for Morris Halle (pp. 117-134). Cambridge, MA.
    Harley, Heidi ; Tubino Blanco, Mercedes. / Cycles, Vocabulary Items and stem forms in Hiaki. Distributed Morphology Today: Morphemes for Morris Halle. editor / Ora Matushansky ; Alec Marantz. Cambridge, MA, 2013. pp. 117-134
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    title = "Cycles, Vocabulary Items and stem forms in Hiaki",
    abstract = "We argue that class features in Hiaki are not properties of roots in the syntax but rather are properties of Vocabulary Items, the phonological exponents inserted at the end of the syntactic derivation. Irregular morphophonological rules (Readjustment Rules) apply to a particular class of Vocabulary Items in the appropriate morphosyntactic environment. Classifications of this kind play no role in the syntactic/semantic computation, but are crucial in triggering the application of the appropriate morphophonological rule to yield the correct surface form in such cases. The existence of such morphophonological classifications, irrelevant to syntax, is thus an argument against the lexeme, as such, and in favor of the DM-style separation of lexical information into (at least) two lists: List 1, input to the syntax (the source of the Numeration in Minimalist syntactic theories), and List 2, Vocabulary Items which simply realize the output of the syntax. Further, the Hiaki case provides a clear argument for Vocabulary Insertion applying to Root elements (l- morphemes, in Harley & Noyer 2000's terminology), as well as to f-morphemes. In addition, the notion of a phasal cycle within the word proves useful in permitting a simple statement of the relevant conditioning context for the application of morphophonological rules.",
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    author = "Heidi Harley and {Tubino Blanco}, Mercedes",
    note = "Reference text: Anderson, Stephen. 1992. A-morphous Morphology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Aronoff, Mark. 1994. Morphology by Itself: Stems and Inflectional Classes. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. Berm{\'u}dez-Otero, Ricardo. Forthcoming 2013. The Spanish lexicon stores stems with theme vowels, not roots with inflectional class features. Probus 25.1. Bobaljik, Jonathan, & Wurmbrand, Susie. (this volume). Bonet, Eul{\`a}lia and Daniel Harbour. Forthcoming. Contextual allomorphy. In Jochen Trommer (ed.), The Morphology and Phonology of Exponence. Oxford: OUP. Carstairs, Andrew. 1987. Allomorphy in Inflection. Croom Helm Linguistics Series, London: Croom Helm. Chomksy, Noam. 1995. The Minimalist Program. Cambridge: The MIT Press. Chomsky, Noam. 2001. {"}Derivation by Phase.{"} In Michael Kenstowicz (ed.) Ken Hale: A Life in Language. MIT Press. Pages 1-52. De Belder, Marijke. 2011. Roots and affixes: Eliminating lexical categories from syntax. Utrecht: LOT. Embick, D. & M. Halle. 2005. “On the Status of Stems in Morphological Theory”. In T. Geerts and H. Jacobs (eds), Proceedings of Going Romance 2003, Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Embick, D. 2010. Localism versus Globalism in Morphology and Phonology. Cambridge: MIT Press. Halle, M. and Marantz, A. 1993. Distributed Morphology and the pieces of inflection. In Hale, K. and Keyser, S. J., editors, The View from Building 20, pages 111-176. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. Harley, H. (2010). {"}Affixation and the Mirror Principle.{"} In Interfaces in Linguistics, ed. by Raffaella Folli and Christiane Ullbricht, 166-186. Oxford: OUP Harley, Heidi. 2011. {"}On the Identity of Roots.{"} Paper presented at the Approaches to the Lexicon workshop (Roots III), June 13, 2011, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. Harley, H. and Rolf Noyer. 2000. Licensing in the non-lexicalist lexicon. In Bert Peeters, ed., The Lexicon/Encyclopaedia Interface, 349-374, Amsterdam:Elsevier Press. Harley, H., M. Tubino Blanco and J. Haugen. 2009. {"}Applicative constructions and suppletive verbs in Hiaki (Yaqui).{"} In L. Lanz, A Franklin, J Hoecker, E Gentry Brunner, M Morrison, and C Pace, editors, Rice Working Papers in Linguistics Volume 1, pp. 42-51 Harley, Heidi and Tubino Blanco, Mercedes, 2010. {"}Dos tipos de base verbal en Hiaki (yaqui){"}. In An{\'a}lisi ling{\"u}{\'i}stico: enfoques sincr{\'o}nico, diacr{\'o}nico e interdisciplinario, ed. by Rosa Mar{\'i}a Ortiz Ciscomani, p. 97-128. Editorial Unison, Hermosillo, Son., Mexico Harley, Heidi and Tubino Blanco, Mercedes. 2012. Phase-theoretic mismatches in the morphology and syntax of Hiaki verb stems. Talk presented at Exploring the interfaces 1: Word Structure, held at McGill University, May 6-8, 2012. Haugen, Jason. 2008. Morphology at the Interfaces: Reduplication and Noun Incorporation in Uto-Aztecan. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Kharytonava, Olga. 2011. Noms compos{\'e}es en turc et morpheme –(s)I. PhD. dissertation, University of Western Ontario. Marantz, Alec. 1997. No escape from syntax: Don’t try morphological analysis in the privacy of your own lexicon. University of Pennsylvania working papers in linguistics, 4(2), pp. 201–225. Mithun, Marianne. 1988. Lexical categories and the evolution of number marking. In Michael Hammond and Michael Noonan, eds., Theoretical Morphology: Approaches in Modern Linguistics, 211–234, San Diego: Academic Press, Inc Siddiqi, Daniel. 2009. Syntax within the word: Economy, allomorphy and argument selection in Distributed Morphology. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Stockall, Linnea and Alec Marantz. 2006. {"}A single route, full decomposition model of morphological complexity: MEG evidence{"}. The Mental Lexicon, 7.1: 85-123. Yang, Charles. 2002. Knowledge and learning in natural language. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.",
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    Harley, H & Tubino Blanco, M 2013, Cycles, Vocabulary Items and stem forms in Hiaki. in O Matushansky & A Marantz (eds), Distributed Morphology Today: Morphemes for Morris Halle. Cambridge, MA, pp. 117-134.

    Cycles, Vocabulary Items and stem forms in Hiaki. / Harley, Heidi; Tubino Blanco, Mercedes.

    Distributed Morphology Today: Morphemes for Morris Halle. ed. / Ora Matushansky; Alec Marantz. Cambridge, MA, 2013. p. 117-134.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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    T1 - Cycles, Vocabulary Items and stem forms in Hiaki

    AU - Harley, Heidi

    AU - Tubino Blanco, Mercedes

    N1 - Reference text: Anderson, Stephen. 1992. A-morphous Morphology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Aronoff, Mark. 1994. Morphology by Itself: Stems and Inflectional Classes. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. Bermúdez-Otero, Ricardo. Forthcoming 2013. The Spanish lexicon stores stems with theme vowels, not roots with inflectional class features. Probus 25.1. Bobaljik, Jonathan, & Wurmbrand, Susie. (this volume). Bonet, Eulàlia and Daniel Harbour. Forthcoming. Contextual allomorphy. In Jochen Trommer (ed.), The Morphology and Phonology of Exponence. Oxford: OUP. Carstairs, Andrew. 1987. Allomorphy in Inflection. Croom Helm Linguistics Series, London: Croom Helm. Chomksy, Noam. 1995. The Minimalist Program. Cambridge: The MIT Press. Chomsky, Noam. 2001. "Derivation by Phase." In Michael Kenstowicz (ed.) Ken Hale: A Life in Language. MIT Press. Pages 1-52. De Belder, Marijke. 2011. Roots and affixes: Eliminating lexical categories from syntax. Utrecht: LOT. Embick, D. & M. Halle. 2005. “On the Status of Stems in Morphological Theory”. In T. Geerts and H. Jacobs (eds), Proceedings of Going Romance 2003, Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Embick, D. 2010. Localism versus Globalism in Morphology and Phonology. Cambridge: MIT Press. Halle, M. and Marantz, A. 1993. Distributed Morphology and the pieces of inflection. In Hale, K. and Keyser, S. J., editors, The View from Building 20, pages 111-176. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. Harley, H. (2010). "Affixation and the Mirror Principle." In Interfaces in Linguistics, ed. by Raffaella Folli and Christiane Ullbricht, 166-186. Oxford: OUP Harley, Heidi. 2011. "On the Identity of Roots." Paper presented at the Approaches to the Lexicon workshop (Roots III), June 13, 2011, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. Harley, H. and Rolf Noyer. 2000. Licensing in the non-lexicalist lexicon. In Bert Peeters, ed., The Lexicon/Encyclopaedia Interface, 349-374, Amsterdam:Elsevier Press. Harley, H., M. Tubino Blanco and J. Haugen. 2009. "Applicative constructions and suppletive verbs in Hiaki (Yaqui)." In L. Lanz, A Franklin, J Hoecker, E Gentry Brunner, M Morrison, and C Pace, editors, Rice Working Papers in Linguistics Volume 1, pp. 42-51 Harley, Heidi and Tubino Blanco, Mercedes, 2010. "Dos tipos de base verbal en Hiaki (yaqui)". In Análisi lingüístico: enfoques sincrónico, diacrónico e interdisciplinario, ed. by Rosa María Ortiz Ciscomani, p. 97-128. Editorial Unison, Hermosillo, Son., Mexico Harley, Heidi and Tubino Blanco, Mercedes. 2012. Phase-theoretic mismatches in the morphology and syntax of Hiaki verb stems. Talk presented at Exploring the interfaces 1: Word Structure, held at McGill University, May 6-8, 2012. Haugen, Jason. 2008. Morphology at the Interfaces: Reduplication and Noun Incorporation in Uto-Aztecan. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Kharytonava, Olga. 2011. Noms composées en turc et morpheme –(s)I. PhD. dissertation, University of Western Ontario. Marantz, Alec. 1997. No escape from syntax: Don’t try morphological analysis in the privacy of your own lexicon. University of Pennsylvania working papers in linguistics, 4(2), pp. 201–225. Mithun, Marianne. 1988. Lexical categories and the evolution of number marking. In Michael Hammond and Michael Noonan, eds., Theoretical Morphology: Approaches in Modern Linguistics, 211–234, San Diego: Academic Press, Inc Siddiqi, Daniel. 2009. Syntax within the word: Economy, allomorphy and argument selection in Distributed Morphology. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Stockall, Linnea and Alec Marantz. 2006. "A single route, full decomposition model of morphological complexity: MEG evidence". The Mental Lexicon, 7.1: 85-123. Yang, Charles. 2002. Knowledge and learning in natural language. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.

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    N2 - We argue that class features in Hiaki are not properties of roots in the syntax but rather are properties of Vocabulary Items, the phonological exponents inserted at the end of the syntactic derivation. Irregular morphophonological rules (Readjustment Rules) apply to a particular class of Vocabulary Items in the appropriate morphosyntactic environment. Classifications of this kind play no role in the syntactic/semantic computation, but are crucial in triggering the application of the appropriate morphophonological rule to yield the correct surface form in such cases. The existence of such morphophonological classifications, irrelevant to syntax, is thus an argument against the lexeme, as such, and in favor of the DM-style separation of lexical information into (at least) two lists: List 1, input to the syntax (the source of the Numeration in Minimalist syntactic theories), and List 2, Vocabulary Items which simply realize the output of the syntax. Further, the Hiaki case provides a clear argument for Vocabulary Insertion applying to Root elements (l- morphemes, in Harley & Noyer 2000's terminology), as well as to f-morphemes. In addition, the notion of a phasal cycle within the word proves useful in permitting a simple statement of the relevant conditioning context for the application of morphophonological rules.

    AB - We argue that class features in Hiaki are not properties of roots in the syntax but rather are properties of Vocabulary Items, the phonological exponents inserted at the end of the syntactic derivation. Irregular morphophonological rules (Readjustment Rules) apply to a particular class of Vocabulary Items in the appropriate morphosyntactic environment. Classifications of this kind play no role in the syntactic/semantic computation, but are crucial in triggering the application of the appropriate morphophonological rule to yield the correct surface form in such cases. The existence of such morphophonological classifications, irrelevant to syntax, is thus an argument against the lexeme, as such, and in favor of the DM-style separation of lexical information into (at least) two lists: List 1, input to the syntax (the source of the Numeration in Minimalist syntactic theories), and List 2, Vocabulary Items which simply realize the output of the syntax. Further, the Hiaki case provides a clear argument for Vocabulary Insertion applying to Root elements (l- morphemes, in Harley & Noyer 2000's terminology), as well as to f-morphemes. In addition, the notion of a phasal cycle within the word proves useful in permitting a simple statement of the relevant conditioning context for the application of morphophonological rules.

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    Harley H, Tubino Blanco M. Cycles, Vocabulary Items and stem forms in Hiaki. In Matushansky O, Marantz A, editors, Distributed Morphology Today: Morphemes for Morris Halle. Cambridge, MA. 2013. p. 117-134