Crowded Letter and Crowded Picture LogMAR acuity in Children with Amblyopia: a quantitative comparison.

Cathy O'Boyle, Sean Chen, Julie-Anne Little

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
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Aims: Clinically, picture acuity tests are thought to overestimate visual acuity (VA) compared with letter tests, but this has not been systematically investigated in children with amblyopia. This study compared VA measurements with the LogMAR Crowded Kay Picture test to the LogMAR Crowded Keeler Letter acuity test in a group of young children with amblyopia. Methods: 58 children (34 male) with amblyopia (22 anisometropic, 18 strabismic and 18 with both strabismic/anisometropic amblyopia) aged 4-6 years (mean=68.7, range=48-83 months) underwent VA measurements. VA chart testing order was randomised, but the amblyopic eye was tested before the fellow eye. All participants wore up-to-date refractive correction. Results: The Kay Picture test significantly overestimated VA by 0.098logMAR (95% LOA, 0.13) in the amblyopic eye and 0.088logMAR (95% LOA, 0.13) in the fellow eye respectively (p0.23). For both the amblyopic and fellow eyes, Bland-Altman plots demonstrated a systematic and predictable difference between Kay Picture and Keeler Letter charts across the range of acuities tested (Keeler acuity: amblyopic eye 0.75 to -0.05 logMAR; fellow eye 0.45 to -0.15 logMAR). Linear regression analysis (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-461
Early online date7 Jul 2016
Publication statusPublished online - 7 Jul 2016


  • Amblyopia
  • Kay Pictures
  • Visual Acuity
  • Crowding


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