Creating Family-Centred Support for Preschoolers with Developmental Disabilities in Low-Income Countries: A Rapid Review to Guide Practitioners

Roy McConkey, Paul B. Tchounwou (Editor), Xiuyun Lin (Editor)

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Preschoolers with disabilities and their caregivers have been neglected in health and social service provision in most low-income countries and arguably also in low-resourced areas of more affluent nations. Yet as this rapid review of the published literature identifies, there are low-cost, evidence-based strategies to address their needs that can be implemented in communities by local people. Five key features of the necessary supports are examined. First, the leadership functions required to create and implement the support services. Second, the family-centred, home-based support provided to caregivers and the personnel undertaking this form of support. Third, providing opportunities for peer support to flourish and encouraging the formation of advocacy groups across families. Fourth, mobilizing the support of significant groups within the community: notably, traditional healers and leaders, health services and poverty alleviation initiatives. Fifth, devising ways in which preschool educational opportunities can be offered to children as a prelude to their inclusion in primary schools. The review serves a further purpose. It provides an example of how public health researchers and academics could achieve more rapid implementation of evidence-based knowledge into existing and new support services through dissemination to community practitioners.
Original languageEnglish
Article number651
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume21
Issue number6
Early online date21 May 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished online - 21 May 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 by the author.

Keywords

  • preschool
  • community-based
  • children
  • healthcare
  • education
  • inclusion
  • family-centred
  • low income
  • disability

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