The effect of corticomuscular coactivation based hybrid brain-computer interface (h-BCI) on post-stroke neurorehabilitation has not been explored yet. A major challenge in this area is to find an appropriate corticomuscular feature which can not only drive an h-BCI but also serve as a biomarker for motor recovery monitoring. Our previous study established the feasibility of a new method of measuring corticomuscular co-activation called correlation of band-limited power time-courses (CBPT) of EEG and EMG signals, outperforming the traditional EEG-EMG coherence in terms of accurately controlling a robotic hand exoskeleton device by the stroke patients. In this paper, we have evaluated the neurophysiological significance of CBPT for motor recovery monitoring by conducting a 5-week long longitudinal pilot trial on 4 chronic hemiparetic stroke patients. Results show that the CBPT variations correlated significantly (p-value< 0.05) with the dynamic changes in motor outcome measures during the therapy for all the patients. As the bandpower based biomarkers are popular in literature, a comparison with such biomarkers has also been made to cross-verify whether the changes in CBPT are indeed neurophysiological. Thus the study concludes that CBPT can serve as a biomarker for motor recovery monitoring while serving as a corticomuscular co-activation feature for h-BCI based neurorehabilitation. Despite an observed significant positive change between pre- and post-intervention motor outcomes, the question of the clinical effectiveness of CBPT is subject to further controlled trial on a larger cohort.
- brain-computer interfaces
- rehabilitation robotics