Correlates of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in the Aftermath of the February 2023 Earthquake in Turkey

Emre Han Alpay, Enya Redican, Philip Hyland, Thanos Karatzias , M Shevlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Downloads (Pure)


On February 6, 2023, an earthquake registering 7.8 on the Richter scale struck southeast Turkey, and this was followed by a second earthquake of magnitude 7.5. The earthquake resulted in widespread loss, devastation, and destruction, and is anticipated to bear a significant psychological toll on survivors. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and correlates of ICD-11 posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in those living in earthquake-affected areas of Turkey. The sample was a convenience sample of 527 adults living in earthquake-affected areas of Turkey. Prevalence rates and gender differences in exposure to earthquake-related traumatic events were investigated. Moreover, prevalence rates of ICD-11 PTSD were computed, and demographic and trauma-related correlates of ICD-11 PTSD were assessed using logistic regression analyses. Most of the sample (99.2%; n = 523) experienced at least one earthquake-related traumatic event, with the majority experiencing multiple events. Findings demonstrated high endorsement of the ICD-11 PTSD symptom clusters, with 54.1% meeting criteria for diagnosis of probable ICD-11 PTSD. Correlates associated with increased risk of PTSD include female gender, physical injury in the earthquake, physical injury of family or loved ones in the earthquake and being in the higher earthquake-related traumatic events exposure quartiles. These findings indicate high levels of trauma exposure and PTSD among survivors of the recent earthquakes which occurred in Turkey. The identification of correlates associated with increased risk of PTSD is useful for identifying Turkish earthquake survivors who are most likely to need psychological support.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Loss and Trauma
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 29 Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • PTSD
  • natural disaster
  • earthquake
  • Turkey
  • trauma


Dive into the research topics of 'Correlates of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in the Aftermath of the February 2023 Earthquake in Turkey'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this