Background: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) increases risk for most psychiatric disorders. There is evidence thatthe structure of psychopathology can be explained by a number of latent dimensions of psychopathology includinga ‘General Psychopathology’ (P) factor. The objective of the current study was to provide the firstassessment as to whether P is identifiable, and what its correlates might be in a clinical sample.Methods: An adult, clinical sample of Danish CSA survivors (N = 420) was assessed using the Millon ClinicalMultiaxial Inventory-III. Confirmatory factory analysis (CFA) was used to assess the latent structure of ninepsychiatric disorders, and structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to determine correlates of the bestfittingdimensional model.Results: CFA results favoured a bifactor model including three specific dimensions of psychopathology,“Internalizing”, “Externalizing”, and “Thought Disorder”, and a bi-factor “P”. A SEM model that included tenpredictors was a good fit to the data and explained 55% of variance in ‘P’. The ‘P’ factor was significantlyassociated with emotional coping, negative self-worth, traumatic life events, and anxious attachments.Limitations: Psychiatric disorders were assessed using self-report measures, and the sample was predominatelyfemale.Conclusions: Results provide initial evidence of P in a clinical sample and several unique correlates of this factorwere identified.
- Childhood sexual abuse (CSA)
Hyland, P., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., Carey, S., Vallières, F., Murphy, D., & Elklit, A. (2018). Correlates of a general psychopathology factor in a clinical sample of childhood sexual abuse survivors. Journal of Affective Disorders, 232, 109-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.02.048