Controllable Anchoring of Graphitic Carbon Nitride on MnO2 Nanoarchitectures for Oxygen Evolution Electrocatalysis

Mattia Benedet, Andrea Gallo, Chiara Maccato, Gian Andrea Rizzi, Davide Barreca, Oleg I. Lebedev, Evgeny Modin, Ruairi McGlynn, Davide Mariotti, Alberto Gasparotto

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7 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The design and fabrication of eco-friendly and cost-effective (photo)electrocatalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is a key research goal for a proper management of water splitting to address the global energy crisis. In this work, we focus on the preparation of supported MnO2/graphitic carbon nitride (g-CN) OER (photo)electrocatalysts by means of a novel preparation strategy. The proposed route consists of the plasma enhanced-chemical vapor deposition (PE-CVD) of MnO2 nanoarchitectures on porous Ni scaffolds, the anchoring of controllable g-CN amounts by an amenable electrophoretic deposition (EPD) process, and the ultimate thermal treatment in air. The inherent method versatility and flexibility afforded defective MnO2/g-CN nanoarchitectures, featuring a g-CN content and nano-organization tunable as a function of EPD duration and the used carbon nitride precursor. Such a modulation had a direct influence on OER functional performances, which, for the best composite system, corresponded to an overpotential of 430 mV at 10 mA/cm2, a Tafel slope of ≈70 mV/dec, and a turnover frequency of 6.52 × 10–3 s–1, accompanied by a very good time stability. The present outcomes, comparing favorably with previous results on analogous systems, were rationalized on the basis of the formation of type-II MnO2/g-CN heterojunctions, and yield valuable insights into this class of green (photo)electrocatalysts for end uses in solar-to-fuel conversion and water treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47368-47380
Number of pages13
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume15
Issue number40
Early online date28 Sept 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 11 Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge financial support from the National Council of Research (Progetti di Ricerca @CNR-avviso 2020-ASSIST), Padova University (P-DiSC#04BIRD2020-UNIPD EUREKA, DOR 2020-2022), INSTM Consortium (INSTM21PDGASPAROTTO-NANOMAT, INSTM21PDBARMAC-ATENA), AMGA Foundation (NYMPHEA project), and EPSRC (EP/V055232/1, EP/R008841/1). Many thanks are also due to Dr. Kathrin Fellner (Graz University of Technology, Austria) for valuable experimental assistance and technical support.

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge financial support from the National Council of Research (Progetti di Ricerca @CNR-avviso 2020-ASSIST), Padova University (P-DiSC#04BIRD2020-UNIPD EUREKA, DOR 2020–2022), INSTM Consortium (INSTM21PDGASPAROTTO-NANO, INSTM21PDBARMAC-ATENA), AMGA Foundation (NYMPHEA project), and EPSRC (EP/V055232/1, EP/R008841/1). Many thanks are also due to Dr. Kathrin Fellner (Graz University of Technology, Austria) for valuable experimental assistance and technical support. MAT

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society

Keywords

  • MnO2
  • nanoarchitectures
  • graphitic carbon nitride
  • plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition
  • electrophoretic deposition
  • oxygen evolution reaction
  • MnO

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