Conditionality, discretion and TH Marshall’s ‘right to welfare’

Mark Simpson, Ciara Fitzpatrick, Grainne McKeever

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In an era of increasing interest in and concern about destitution in the UK, the leading studies place social security problems among the leading causes. This suggests that destitution is a failure of social citizenship, with social protection systems unable or unwilling to underwrite the guarantee of a modicum of economic welfare that, according to Marshall, forms the essence of the citizen’s social rights. This article documents how the establishment of a comprehensive welfare state in the mid-20th century has been eroded by a series of social security reforms that have turned the focus back on local government and the voluntary sector for the support of the ‘undeserving’ migrant and unemployed poor. Empirical findings from a major study of destitution in the UK illustrate how the fulfilment of social ‘rights’ is becoming dependent on knowing where to seek support, having access to the right gatekeeper and enduring social stigma. The authors consider the compatibility of a welfare state characterised by strict conditionality, decision maker discretion and gaps in the safety net with the Marshallian ‘right to welfare’.
LanguageEnglish
JournalJournal of Social Welfare and Family Law
Volume42
Issue number2
Early online date4 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Sep 2019

Fingerprint

social rights
social security
welfare state
welfare
welfare economics
gatekeeper
decision maker
guarantee
citizenship
migrant
citizen
reform
cause

Keywords

  • Citizenship
  • social rights
  • TH Marshall
  • Social Security
  • Welfare State
  • Destitution
  • Poverty
  • Conditionality
  • Discretion
  • administrative justice

Cite this

@article{a88f872c211e40c58dd44e95aa0230b6,
title = "Conditionality, discretion and TH Marshall’s ‘right to welfare’",
abstract = "In an era of increasing interest in and concern about destitution in the UK, the leading studies place social security problems among the leading causes. This suggests that destitution is a failure of social citizenship, with social protection systems unable or unwilling to underwrite the guarantee of a modicum of economic welfare that, according to Marshall, forms the essence of the citizen’s social rights. This article documents how the establishment of a comprehensive welfare state in the mid-20th century has been eroded by a series of social security reforms that have turned the focus back on local government and the voluntary sector for the support of the ‘undeserving’ migrant and unemployed poor. Empirical findings from a major study of destitution in the UK illustrate how the fulfilment of social ‘rights’ is becoming dependent on knowing where to seek support, having access to the right gatekeeper and enduring social stigma. The authors consider the compatibility of a welfare state characterised by strict conditionality, decision maker discretion and gaps in the safety net with the Marshallian ‘right to welfare’.",
keywords = "Citizenship, social rights, TH Marshall, Social Security, Welfare State, Destitution, Poverty, Conditionality, Discretion, administrative justice",
author = "Mark Simpson and Ciara Fitzpatrick and Grainne McKeever",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1080/09649069.2019.1663016",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
journal = "Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law",
issn = "0964-9069",
number = "2",

}

Conditionality, discretion and TH Marshall’s ‘right to welfare’. / Simpson, Mark; Fitzpatrick, Ciara; McKeever, Grainne.

In: Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, Vol. 42, No. 2, 05.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Conditionality, discretion and TH Marshall’s ‘right to welfare’

AU - Simpson, Mark

AU - Fitzpatrick, Ciara

AU - McKeever, Grainne

PY - 2019/9/4

Y1 - 2019/9/4

N2 - In an era of increasing interest in and concern about destitution in the UK, the leading studies place social security problems among the leading causes. This suggests that destitution is a failure of social citizenship, with social protection systems unable or unwilling to underwrite the guarantee of a modicum of economic welfare that, according to Marshall, forms the essence of the citizen’s social rights. This article documents how the establishment of a comprehensive welfare state in the mid-20th century has been eroded by a series of social security reforms that have turned the focus back on local government and the voluntary sector for the support of the ‘undeserving’ migrant and unemployed poor. Empirical findings from a major study of destitution in the UK illustrate how the fulfilment of social ‘rights’ is becoming dependent on knowing where to seek support, having access to the right gatekeeper and enduring social stigma. The authors consider the compatibility of a welfare state characterised by strict conditionality, decision maker discretion and gaps in the safety net with the Marshallian ‘right to welfare’.

AB - In an era of increasing interest in and concern about destitution in the UK, the leading studies place social security problems among the leading causes. This suggests that destitution is a failure of social citizenship, with social protection systems unable or unwilling to underwrite the guarantee of a modicum of economic welfare that, according to Marshall, forms the essence of the citizen’s social rights. This article documents how the establishment of a comprehensive welfare state in the mid-20th century has been eroded by a series of social security reforms that have turned the focus back on local government and the voluntary sector for the support of the ‘undeserving’ migrant and unemployed poor. Empirical findings from a major study of destitution in the UK illustrate how the fulfilment of social ‘rights’ is becoming dependent on knowing where to seek support, having access to the right gatekeeper and enduring social stigma. The authors consider the compatibility of a welfare state characterised by strict conditionality, decision maker discretion and gaps in the safety net with the Marshallian ‘right to welfare’.

KW - Citizenship

KW - social rights

KW - TH Marshall

KW - Social Security

KW - Welfare State

KW - Destitution

KW - Poverty

KW - Conditionality

KW - Discretion

KW - administrative justice

UR - https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/rjsf20/current

U2 - 10.1080/09649069.2019.1663016

DO - 10.1080/09649069.2019.1663016

M3 - Article

VL - 42

JO - Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law

T2 - Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law

JF - Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law

SN - 0964-9069

IS - 2

ER -