Conditionality, discretion and TH Marshall’s ‘right to welfare’

Ciara Fitzpatrick, Grainne McKeever, Mark Simpson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In an era of increasing interest in and concern about destitution in the UK, the leading studies place social security problems among the principal causes. This suggests that destitution is a failure of social citizenship, with social protection systems unable or unwilling to underwrite the guarantee of a modicum of economic welfare that, according to Marshall, forms the essence of the citizen’s social rights. This article documents how the establishment of a comprehensive welfare state in the mid-20 th century has been eroded by a series of social security reforms that have turned the focus back on local government and the voluntary sector for the support of the ‘undeserving’ migrant and unemployed poor. Empirical findings from a major study of destitution in the UK illustrate how the fulfilment of social ‘rights’ is becoming dependent on knowing where to seek support, having access to the right gatekeeper and enduring social stigma. The authors consider the compatibility of a welfare state characterised by strict conditionality, decision maker discretion and gaps in the safety net with the Marshallian ‘right to welfare’.

LanguageEnglish
Pages445-462
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Social Welfare and Family Law
Volume41
Issue number4
Early online date4 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Sep 2019

Fingerprint

social rights
social security
welfare state
welfare
welfare economics
gatekeeper
decision maker
guarantee
citizenship
migrant
citizen
reform
cause

Keywords

  • Citizenship
  • social rights
  • TH Marshall
  • Social Security
  • Welfare State
  • Destitution
  • Poverty
  • Conditionality
  • Discretion
  • administrative justice
  • destitution
  • discretion
  • citizenship
  • conditionality
  • Social rights
  • welfare state

Cite this

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Conditionality, discretion and TH Marshall’s ‘right to welfare’. / Fitzpatrick, Ciara; McKeever, Grainne; Simpson, Mark.

In: Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, Vol. 41, No. 4, 01.05.2020, p. 445-462.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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