Comparison of Refraction and Ocular Biometry in European Caucasian Children Living in Northern Ireland and Sydney, Australia

AN French, L O'Donoghue, IG Morgan, KJ Saunders, P Mitchell, KA Rose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To compare refraction and ocular biometry in European Caucasian children aged 6-7 years and 12-13 years living in Sydney, Australia and Northern Ireland. Methods: All children had a comprehensive eye examination, including cycloplegic (cyclopentolate 1%) autorefraction (Sydney; Canon RK-F1, Northern Ireland; Shin-Nippon SRW-5000) and ocular biometry (IOLMaster, Carl Ziess). Hyperopia was defined as a right spherical equivalent refraction (SER) of ≥+2.00 dioptres (D), myopia as ≤-0.50D and astigmatism as a cylindrical error of ≥1.00D.Results: The mean SER was similar at age 6-7 yrs (p=0.9), however, at 12-13 yrs, children in Northern Ireland had a significantly less hyperopic mean SER (+0.66D) than children in Sydney (+0.83D, p=0.008). The prevalence of myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism was significantly greater in Northern Ireland than Sydney at both ages (all p
LanguageEnglish
Pages4021-4031
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume53
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2012

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Ocular Refraction
Biometry
Northern Ireland
Hyperopia
Astigmatism
Myopia
Cyclopentolate
Mydriatics

Cite this

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title = "Comparison of Refraction and Ocular Biometry in European Caucasian Children Living in Northern Ireland and Sydney, Australia",
abstract = "Purpose: To compare refraction and ocular biometry in European Caucasian children aged 6-7 years and 12-13 years living in Sydney, Australia and Northern Ireland. Methods: All children had a comprehensive eye examination, including cycloplegic (cyclopentolate 1{\%}) autorefraction (Sydney; Canon RK-F1, Northern Ireland; Shin-Nippon SRW-5000) and ocular biometry (IOLMaster, Carl Ziess). Hyperopia was defined as a right spherical equivalent refraction (SER) of ≥+2.00 dioptres (D), myopia as ≤-0.50D and astigmatism as a cylindrical error of ≥1.00D.Results: The mean SER was similar at age 6-7 yrs (p=0.9), however, at 12-13 yrs, children in Northern Ireland had a significantly less hyperopic mean SER (+0.66D) than children in Sydney (+0.83D, p=0.008). The prevalence of myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism was significantly greater in Northern Ireland than Sydney at both ages (all p",
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Comparison of Refraction and Ocular Biometry in European Caucasian Children Living in Northern Ireland and Sydney, Australia. / French, AN; O'Donoghue, L; Morgan, IG; Saunders, KJ; Mitchell, P; Rose, KA.

In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Vol. 53, No. 7, 03.05.2012, p. 4021-4031.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Comparison of Refraction and Ocular Biometry in European Caucasian Children Living in Northern Ireland and Sydney, Australia

AU - French, AN

AU - O'Donoghue, L

AU - Morgan, IG

AU - Saunders, KJ

AU - Mitchell, P

AU - Rose, KA

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AB - Purpose: To compare refraction and ocular biometry in European Caucasian children aged 6-7 years and 12-13 years living in Sydney, Australia and Northern Ireland. Methods: All children had a comprehensive eye examination, including cycloplegic (cyclopentolate 1%) autorefraction (Sydney; Canon RK-F1, Northern Ireland; Shin-Nippon SRW-5000) and ocular biometry (IOLMaster, Carl Ziess). Hyperopia was defined as a right spherical equivalent refraction (SER) of ≥+2.00 dioptres (D), myopia as ≤-0.50D and astigmatism as a cylindrical error of ≥1.00D.Results: The mean SER was similar at age 6-7 yrs (p=0.9), however, at 12-13 yrs, children in Northern Ireland had a significantly less hyperopic mean SER (+0.66D) than children in Sydney (+0.83D, p=0.008). The prevalence of myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism was significantly greater in Northern Ireland than Sydney at both ages (all p

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