Comparison of adsorptive stripping voltammetry (AdSV) and capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) for the trace determination of selected metal ions, chelated with 2-(5'-bromo-2'-pyridylazo)-5-(diethylamino)phenol (PADAP)

DA Oxspring, TJ Maxwell, Franklin Smyth

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    Abstract

    Adsorptive stripping voltammetry (AdSV) is compared with capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) for the detection and determination of trace concentrations of metal ions such as Co2+, Cu2+, Cd2+, Zn2+ and Pb2+ as their 2-(5'-bromo-2'-pyridylazo)-5-(diethylamino)phenol (PADAP) chelates, Limits of detection for Cd2+, Zn2+ Pb2+ and Co2+ were 9, 3, 6 and 0.3 ppb, respectively, using the AdSV method, with Cu2+ not giving a reproducible cathodic signal as the Cu2+-PADAP chelate, The technique would appear to be selective towards the determination of Co2+ in a mixture since its adsorbable chelate with PADAP was reduced at -670 mV, giving a voltammetric response not affected by the presence of equimolar concentrations (1 x 10(-7) mol dm(-3)) of Cd2+, Pb2+ and Zn2+, CZE using PADAP at a concentration of 10(-4) mol dm(-3) in the run buffer had higher limits of detection than AdSV but possessed greater selectivity in that, at pH 6, Co2+, Cd2+, Zn2+ and Cu2+ could be resolved as their chelates with PADAP, the Pb2+ chelate not giving a signal at all. Other selectivities could be observed at higher pH values. The CZE technique was also found particularly responsive to the Co3+-PADAP chelate in the presence of other trace metal ions. It is therefore being investigated as a trace analytical method for the determination of Co2+ in, selected complex matrices.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)489-491
    JournalAnalytical Proceedings
    Volume32
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 1995

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