Comparative study on the effect of RF and DBD plasma treatment on PTFE surface modification

C Liu, JQ Wu, LQ Ren, J Tong, JQ Li, N Cui, NMD Brown, BJ Meenan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports, in a comparative method, the effect of dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma and radio frequency (RF) plasma on the surface wettability, chemistry and microstructure changes of the surface of polytetrafluroethylene (PTFE). Both types of plasma could improve the PTFE surface wettability significantly owing to the changes in surface chemistry and surface microstructure. The high-energy species in high-vacuum (HV) plasma cause the PTFE surface severely etched and causing decomposition of outmost layer of PTFE, results in the evolution of tetrafluoroethylene via scission of the (CF2)n chain to yield oligomeric segments. In comparison, few heavy species in DBD plasma have high enough energy to cause the scission of the (CF2)n chain to yield oligomeric segments, thus less etching effect. The contact angle variation with energy dose on RF plasma-treated surface demonstrated a two-stage decrease behaviour: an initial fast decrease stage followed by a levelled-off stage. In comparison, three stages of behaviour are evident for DBD plasma-treated surface. A drastic decrease of the contact angle was recorded during early DBD plasma treatment (at low energy dose), followed by a steady stage and then a slow recovery stage.
LanguageEnglish
Pages340-346
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Volume85
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004

Fingerprint

plasma jets
Surface treatment
radio frequencies
Plasmas
wettability
Contact angle
Wetting
cleavage
chemistry
dosage
microstructure
Microstructure
energy
causes
plasma frequencies
high vacuum
Surface chemistry
Etching
recovery
etching

Keywords

  • Polytetrafluoroethylene
  • Plasma etching
  • Surface properties

Cite this

Liu, C ; Wu, JQ ; Ren, LQ ; Tong, J ; Li, JQ ; Cui, N ; Brown, NMD ; Meenan, BJ. / Comparative study on the effect of RF and DBD plasma treatment on PTFE surface modification. In: Materials Chemistry and Physics. 2004 ; Vol. 85, No. 2-3. pp. 340-346.
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abstract = "This paper reports, in a comparative method, the effect of dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma and radio frequency (RF) plasma on the surface wettability, chemistry and microstructure changes of the surface of polytetrafluroethylene (PTFE). Both types of plasma could improve the PTFE surface wettability significantly owing to the changes in surface chemistry and surface microstructure. The high-energy species in high-vacuum (HV) plasma cause the PTFE surface severely etched and causing decomposition of outmost layer of PTFE, results in the evolution of tetrafluoroethylene via scission of the (CF2)n chain to yield oligomeric segments. In comparison, few heavy species in DBD plasma have high enough energy to cause the scission of the (CF2)n chain to yield oligomeric segments, thus less etching effect. The contact angle variation with energy dose on RF plasma-treated surface demonstrated a two-stage decrease behaviour: an initial fast decrease stage followed by a levelled-off stage. In comparison, three stages of behaviour are evident for DBD plasma-treated surface. A drastic decrease of the contact angle was recorded during early DBD plasma treatment (at low energy dose), followed by a steady stage and then a slow recovery stage.",
keywords = "Polytetrafluoroethylene, Plasma etching, Surface properties",
author = "C Liu and JQ Wu and LQ Ren and J Tong and JQ Li and N Cui and NMD Brown and BJ Meenan",
note = "Reference text: 1. J.B. Park, R.S. Lakes, Biomaterials: An Introduction, Plenum Press, New York, London, 1979. 2. B.D. Ratner, A.S. Hoffman, F.J. Schoen, Biomaterials Science: An Introduction to Materials in Medicine, Academic Press, Boston, 1996. 3. X.J. Liu, T.S. Li, N. Tian and W.M. Liu. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 74 (1999), p. 747. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (5) 4. C.Z. Liu, L.Q. Ren and J.M. Tong. Acta Mater. Comp. Sin. 16 (1999), p. 29. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (2) 5. C.Z. Liu, L.Q. Ren, J. Tong, S.M. Green and R.D. Arnell. Wear 253 (2002), p. 878. Article | PDF (120 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (18) 6. C.Z. Liu, L.Q. Ren, J. Tong, T.J. Joyce, S.M. Green and R.D. Arnell. Wear 249 (2001), p. 31. Article | PDF (178 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (26) 7. R.Q. Liang, X.B. Su, Q.C. Wu and F. Fang. Surf. Coat. Technol. 131 (2000), p. 294. Article | PDF (187 K) 8. J.P. Badey, E. Espuche, D. Sage, B. Chabert, Y. Jugnet, C. Batier and T.M. Duc. Polymer 37 (1996), p. 1377. Article | PDF (874 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (36) 9. C. Baquey, F. Palumbo, M.C. Porte-Durrieu, G. Legeay, A. Tressaud and R. d’Agostino. Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res., Sec. B: Beam Interact. Mater. Atoms 151 (1999), p. 255. Article | PDF (216 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (30) 10. H. Biederman, M. Zeuner, J. Zalman, P. Bilkova, D. Slavinska, V. Stelmasuk and A. Boldyreva. Thin Solid Films 392 (2001), p. 208. Article | PDF (483 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (36) 11. C.Z. Liu, R.G. Fairhurst, L.Q. Ren, S.M. Green, J. Tong and R.D. Arnell. Surf. Coat. Technol. 149 (2002), p. 143. Article | PDF (1024 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (6) 12. Q. Yu, C.M. Reddy and M.F. Meives. J. Polym. Sci. A: Polym. Chem. 37 (1999), p. 4432. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (10) 13. R.D. Arnell and P.J. Kelly. Surf. Coat. Technol. 112 (1999), p. 170. Article | PDF (755 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (45) 14. N.M.D. Brown, W.S. McClean, C.B. Kane, in: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on New Production and Production Technologies for a New Textiles Industry, Sofitel Gent, Belgium, 1999, p. 72. 15. N.Y. Cui and N.M.D. Brown. Appl. Surf. Sci. 189 (2002), p. 31. Article | PDF (202 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (90) 16. D.P. Liu, S. Yu, Y. Liu, C. Ren, J. Zhang and T. Ma. Thin Solid Films 414 (2002), p. 163. Article | PDF (549 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (14) 17. R. Seebock, H. Esrom, M. Charbonnier, A. Romand and U. Kogeschatz. Surf. Coat. Technol. 142 (2001), p. 455. Article | PDF (1121 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (31) 18. S. Ishikawa, K. Yukimura, K. Matsunaga and T. Maruyama. Surf. Coat. Technol. 130 (2000), p. 52. Article | PDF (159 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (19) 19. S.K. Oiseth, A. Krozer, B. Kasemo and J. Lausmaa. Appl. Surf. Sci. 202 (2002), p. 92. Article | PDF (342 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (35) 20. U. Kogeschatz, Fundamentals and applications of dielectric barrier discharges, 2003. http://webferret.search.com/click?wf,DBD+PLASMA,mmlab.dlut.edu.cn{\%}2Fplasma-16.pdf. 21. L. Mangolini, P. Zhang, U. Kortshagen, Experimental and numerical study of dielectric barrier discharges, 2002. http://www.me.umm.edu/divisions/tht/highT/Projects/Lorenzo/lorenzo.html. 22. T. Opalinska, Cold plasma reactor with dielectric barrier discharge, 2002. http://www.ut.ee/hakone8/papers/T4/Opalinska2.pdf. 23. C.Z. Liu, R.D. Arnell, A.R. Gibbons, S.M. Green, L.Q. Ren and J. Tong. Surf. Eng. 16 (2000), p. 215. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (12) 24. C.Z. Liu, A.R. Gibbons, R.D. Arnell, J. Tong and L.Q. Ren. Surf. Coat. Technol. 139 (2001), p. 111. Article | PDF (1018 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (5) 25. L.Q. Ren, Experiment Design and Analysis, Science and Technology Publishing Ltd., Jinlin Province, Changchun, PR China, 2001. 26. H. Xu, Z. Hu, S.H. Wu and Y. Chen. Mater. Chem. Phys. 9710 (2002), p. 1. 27. N. Inagaki, K. Narushima, S.Y. Lim, Y.W. Park and Y. Ikeda. J. Polym. Sci. B: Polym. Phys. 40 (2002), p. 2871. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (15) 28. C.Z. Liu, in: Proceedings of the Second Conference of UK Society for Biomaterials, University of Ulster at Jordanstown, 2003. 29. C.Z. Liu, N.Y. Cui, N.M.D. Brown, B.J. Meenan, Surf. Coat. Technol., 2003, in press. 30. H.J. Qi, Y.B. Fu, D. Wang, X.X. Yang, K.Y. Sui and Z.L. Ma. Surf. Coat. Technol. 131 (2000), p. 177. Article | PDF (738 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (13) 31. E.T. Kang, K.L. Tan, K. Kato, Y. Uyama and Y. Ikada. Macromolecules 29 (1996), p. 6872. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (114) 32. R. Yosomiya, K. Morimoto, A. Nakajima, Y. Ikada, T. Suzuki, Adhesion and Bonding in Composites, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1990. 33. A. Grill, Cold Plasma in Materials Fabrication, IEEE Press, New York, 1994. 34. N.M.D. Brown, N.Y. Cui and A. McKinley. Appl. Surf. Sci. 134 (1998), p. 11. Article | PDF (228 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (10) 35. D. Hegemann, H. Brunner, C. Oehr, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res., Sec. B: Beam Interact. Mater. Atoms 208 (2003) 281. 36. H. Kaczmarek, J. Kowalonek, A. Szalla and A. Sionkowska. Surf. Sci. 507–510 (2002), p. 883. Article | PDF (114 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (31) 37. G.S. Oehrlein. Surf. Sci. 386 (1997), p. 222. Article | PDF (785 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (39)",
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pages = "340--346",
journal = "Materials Chemistry and Physics",
issn = "0254-0584",
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}

Comparative study on the effect of RF and DBD plasma treatment on PTFE surface modification. / Liu, C; Wu, JQ; Ren, LQ; Tong, J; Li, JQ; Cui, N; Brown, NMD; Meenan, BJ.

In: Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 85, No. 2-3, 06.2004, p. 340-346.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparative study on the effect of RF and DBD plasma treatment on PTFE surface modification

AU - Liu, C

AU - Wu, JQ

AU - Ren, LQ

AU - Tong, J

AU - Li, JQ

AU - Cui, N

AU - Brown, NMD

AU - Meenan, BJ

N1 - Reference text: 1. J.B. Park, R.S. Lakes, Biomaterials: An Introduction, Plenum Press, New York, London, 1979. 2. B.D. Ratner, A.S. Hoffman, F.J. Schoen, Biomaterials Science: An Introduction to Materials in Medicine, Academic Press, Boston, 1996. 3. X.J. Liu, T.S. Li, N. Tian and W.M. Liu. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 74 (1999), p. 747. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (5) 4. C.Z. Liu, L.Q. Ren and J.M. Tong. Acta Mater. Comp. Sin. 16 (1999), p. 29. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (2) 5. C.Z. Liu, L.Q. Ren, J. Tong, S.M. Green and R.D. Arnell. Wear 253 (2002), p. 878. Article | PDF (120 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (18) 6. C.Z. Liu, L.Q. Ren, J. Tong, T.J. Joyce, S.M. Green and R.D. Arnell. Wear 249 (2001), p. 31. Article | PDF (178 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (26) 7. R.Q. Liang, X.B. Su, Q.C. Wu and F. Fang. Surf. Coat. Technol. 131 (2000), p. 294. Article | PDF (187 K) 8. J.P. Badey, E. Espuche, D. Sage, B. Chabert, Y. Jugnet, C. Batier and T.M. Duc. Polymer 37 (1996), p. 1377. Article | PDF (874 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (36) 9. C. Baquey, F. Palumbo, M.C. Porte-Durrieu, G. Legeay, A. Tressaud and R. d’Agostino. Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res., Sec. B: Beam Interact. Mater. Atoms 151 (1999), p. 255. Article | PDF (216 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (30) 10. H. Biederman, M. Zeuner, J. Zalman, P. Bilkova, D. Slavinska, V. Stelmasuk and A. Boldyreva. Thin Solid Films 392 (2001), p. 208. Article | PDF (483 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (36) 11. C.Z. Liu, R.G. Fairhurst, L.Q. Ren, S.M. Green, J. Tong and R.D. Arnell. Surf. Coat. Technol. 149 (2002), p. 143. Article | PDF (1024 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (6) 12. Q. Yu, C.M. Reddy and M.F. Meives. J. Polym. Sci. A: Polym. Chem. 37 (1999), p. 4432. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (10) 13. R.D. Arnell and P.J. Kelly. Surf. Coat. Technol. 112 (1999), p. 170. Article | PDF (755 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (45) 14. N.M.D. Brown, W.S. McClean, C.B. Kane, in: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on New Production and Production Technologies for a New Textiles Industry, Sofitel Gent, Belgium, 1999, p. 72. 15. N.Y. Cui and N.M.D. Brown. Appl. Surf. Sci. 189 (2002), p. 31. Article | PDF (202 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (90) 16. D.P. Liu, S. Yu, Y. Liu, C. Ren, J. Zhang and T. Ma. Thin Solid Films 414 (2002), p. 163. Article | PDF (549 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (14) 17. R. Seebock, H. Esrom, M. Charbonnier, A. Romand and U. Kogeschatz. Surf. Coat. Technol. 142 (2001), p. 455. Article | PDF (1121 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (31) 18. S. Ishikawa, K. Yukimura, K. Matsunaga and T. Maruyama. Surf. Coat. Technol. 130 (2000), p. 52. Article | PDF (159 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (19) 19. S.K. Oiseth, A. Krozer, B. Kasemo and J. Lausmaa. Appl. Surf. Sci. 202 (2002), p. 92. Article | PDF (342 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (35) 20. U. Kogeschatz, Fundamentals and applications of dielectric barrier discharges, 2003. http://webferret.search.com/click?wf,DBD+PLASMA,mmlab.dlut.edu.cn%2Fplasma-16.pdf. 21. L. Mangolini, P. Zhang, U. Kortshagen, Experimental and numerical study of dielectric barrier discharges, 2002. http://www.me.umm.edu/divisions/tht/highT/Projects/Lorenzo/lorenzo.html. 22. T. Opalinska, Cold plasma reactor with dielectric barrier discharge, 2002. http://www.ut.ee/hakone8/papers/T4/Opalinska2.pdf. 23. C.Z. Liu, R.D. Arnell, A.R. Gibbons, S.M. Green, L.Q. Ren and J. Tong. Surf. Eng. 16 (2000), p. 215. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (12) 24. C.Z. Liu, A.R. Gibbons, R.D. Arnell, J. Tong and L.Q. Ren. Surf. Coat. Technol. 139 (2001), p. 111. Article | PDF (1018 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (5) 25. L.Q. Ren, Experiment Design and Analysis, Science and Technology Publishing Ltd., Jinlin Province, Changchun, PR China, 2001. 26. H. Xu, Z. Hu, S.H. Wu and Y. Chen. Mater. Chem. Phys. 9710 (2002), p. 1. 27. N. Inagaki, K. Narushima, S.Y. Lim, Y.W. Park and Y. Ikeda. J. Polym. Sci. B: Polym. Phys. 40 (2002), p. 2871. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (15) 28. C.Z. Liu, in: Proceedings of the Second Conference of UK Society for Biomaterials, University of Ulster at Jordanstown, 2003. 29. C.Z. Liu, N.Y. Cui, N.M.D. Brown, B.J. Meenan, Surf. Coat. Technol., 2003, in press. 30. H.J. Qi, Y.B. Fu, D. Wang, X.X. Yang, K.Y. Sui and Z.L. Ma. Surf. Coat. Technol. 131 (2000), p. 177. Article | PDF (738 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (13) 31. E.T. Kang, K.L. Tan, K. Kato, Y. Uyama and Y. Ikada. Macromolecules 29 (1996), p. 6872. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (114) 32. R. Yosomiya, K. Morimoto, A. Nakajima, Y. Ikada, T. Suzuki, Adhesion and Bonding in Composites, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1990. 33. A. Grill, Cold Plasma in Materials Fabrication, IEEE Press, New York, 1994. 34. N.M.D. Brown, N.Y. Cui and A. McKinley. Appl. Surf. Sci. 134 (1998), p. 11. Article | PDF (228 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (10) 35. D. Hegemann, H. Brunner, C. Oehr, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res., Sec. B: Beam Interact. Mater. Atoms 208 (2003) 281. 36. H. Kaczmarek, J. Kowalonek, A. Szalla and A. Sionkowska. Surf. Sci. 507–510 (2002), p. 883. Article | PDF (114 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (31) 37. G.S. Oehrlein. Surf. Sci. 386 (1997), p. 222. Article | PDF (785 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (39)

PY - 2004/6

Y1 - 2004/6

N2 - This paper reports, in a comparative method, the effect of dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma and radio frequency (RF) plasma on the surface wettability, chemistry and microstructure changes of the surface of polytetrafluroethylene (PTFE). Both types of plasma could improve the PTFE surface wettability significantly owing to the changes in surface chemistry and surface microstructure. The high-energy species in high-vacuum (HV) plasma cause the PTFE surface severely etched and causing decomposition of outmost layer of PTFE, results in the evolution of tetrafluoroethylene via scission of the (CF2)n chain to yield oligomeric segments. In comparison, few heavy species in DBD plasma have high enough energy to cause the scission of the (CF2)n chain to yield oligomeric segments, thus less etching effect. The contact angle variation with energy dose on RF plasma-treated surface demonstrated a two-stage decrease behaviour: an initial fast decrease stage followed by a levelled-off stage. In comparison, three stages of behaviour are evident for DBD plasma-treated surface. A drastic decrease of the contact angle was recorded during early DBD plasma treatment (at low energy dose), followed by a steady stage and then a slow recovery stage.

AB - This paper reports, in a comparative method, the effect of dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma and radio frequency (RF) plasma on the surface wettability, chemistry and microstructure changes of the surface of polytetrafluroethylene (PTFE). Both types of plasma could improve the PTFE surface wettability significantly owing to the changes in surface chemistry and surface microstructure. The high-energy species in high-vacuum (HV) plasma cause the PTFE surface severely etched and causing decomposition of outmost layer of PTFE, results in the evolution of tetrafluoroethylene via scission of the (CF2)n chain to yield oligomeric segments. In comparison, few heavy species in DBD plasma have high enough energy to cause the scission of the (CF2)n chain to yield oligomeric segments, thus less etching effect. The contact angle variation with energy dose on RF plasma-treated surface demonstrated a two-stage decrease behaviour: an initial fast decrease stage followed by a levelled-off stage. In comparison, three stages of behaviour are evident for DBD plasma-treated surface. A drastic decrease of the contact angle was recorded during early DBD plasma treatment (at low energy dose), followed by a steady stage and then a slow recovery stage.

KW - Polytetrafluoroethylene

KW - Plasma etching

KW - Surface properties

U2 - 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2004.01.026

DO - 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2004.01.026

M3 - Article

VL - 85

SP - 340

EP - 346

JO - Materials Chemistry and Physics

T2 - Materials Chemistry and Physics

JF - Materials Chemistry and Physics

SN - 0254-0584

IS - 2-3

ER -