Communication and relational development between Catholic and Protestant students in Northern Ireland

David Dickson, Owen Hargie, Seanenne Rainey

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    This article presents the results of a major investigation into the content and pattern of inter and intradenominational disclosure, and the degree to which relationship development occurs, between all Protestant and Catholic first-year students from Northern Ireland (n=270), who were enrolled in one faculty of a major university. The study was in three parts: a self-report survey encompassing measures of group identification, self-disclosure, attraction, trust, and out-group contact; an analysis of students’ verbal and nonverbal behaviour patterns in cross-denominational dyads; and a focus group study of students’ attitudes and experiences. Results in all three parts reveal major differences between the two denominations.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages67-82
    JournalAustralian Journal of Communication
    Volume27
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2000

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    behavior pattern
    communication
    outgroup
    denomination
    first-year student
    study group
    dyad
    student
    contact
    university
    experience
    Group

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    Dickson, David ; Hargie, Owen ; Rainey, Seanenne. / Communication and relational development between Catholic and Protestant students in Northern Ireland. 2000 ; Vol. 27, No. 1. pp. 67-82.
    @article{a7beae586145489282b19b30f7d7cacb,
    title = "Communication and relational development between Catholic and Protestant students in Northern Ireland",
    abstract = "This article presents the results of a major investigation into the content and pattern of inter and intradenominational disclosure, and the degree to which relationship development occurs, between all Protestant and Catholic first-year students from Northern Ireland (n=270), who were enrolled in one faculty of a major university. The study was in three parts: a self-report survey encompassing measures of group identification, self-disclosure, attraction, trust, and out-group contact; an analysis of students’ verbal and nonverbal behaviour patterns in cross-denominational dyads; and a focus group study of students’ attitudes and experiences. Results in all three parts reveal major differences between the two denominations.",
    author = "David Dickson and Owen Hargie and Seanenne Rainey",
    note = "Reference text: Allan, G. (1998). Friendship, sociology and social structure. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 15 (5), 658-702. Allport, G. W. (1954). The nature of prejudice. Reading, Mann.: Addis-Wesley. Brown., R., Condor, A. M., Wade, G., & Williams, J. (1986). Explaining intergroup differentiation in an industrial organization. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 59, 273-286. Burgoon, M., & Guerrero, L. K. (1994). Relational communication. In M. Burgoon., F. G. Hunsaker, & E. J. Dawson (Eds.), Human Communication (pp. 277-326). London: Sage. Cairns, E. (1980). The development of ethnic discrimination in young children in Northern Ireland. In J. Harbison, & J. Harbison (Eds.), A society under stress: Children and young people in Northern Ireland (pp. 115-127). London: Open Books. Derlega, V. J., Metts, S., Petronio, S., & Margulis, S. T. (1993). Self-disclosure. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Dickson, D., Saunders, C., & Stringer, M. (1993). Rewarding people: The skill of responding positively. London: Routledge. Dindia, K., Fitzpatrick, M. A., & Kenny, D. A. (1997). Self-disclosure in spouse and stranger interaction: A social relations analysis. Human Communication Research, 23 (3), 388-412. Fisher, D. (1984). A conceptual analysis of self-disclosure. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 14 (3), 277-296. Gallager, A. M., & Dunn, S. (1990). Contact and Integration among Protestants and Catholics. In P. Stringer & G. Robinson (Eds.), The Northern Ireland social attitudes report (pp. 1-22). Belfast: Blackstaff. Hargie, C. T. C., & Tourish, D. (1997). Relational communication. In O. Hargie (Eds.), The handbook of communication skills (pp. 358-382). London: Routledge. Hargie, O. D. W., Dickson, D. A., & Hargie, C. T. C. (1995). The effects of religious affiliation in Northern Ireland upon levels of self-disclosure of undergraduates. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 5, 173-187. Hogg, M. A. (1987). Social identity and group cohesiveness. In J. C. Turner., M. A. Hogg, P. J. Oakes, S. D. Reicher, & M. S. Wetherell, Rediscovering the social group: A self-categorization theory (pp. 89-116). Oxford, England: Basil Blackwell. McCroskey, J. C., & Richmond, V. P. (1979). The Reliability and validity of scales for the measurement of interpersonal attraction and homophily. Paper presented at the Eastern Communication Association, Phil. Miller, L. C., Berg, J. H., & Archer, R. L. (1983). Openers: Individuals who elicit intimate self-disclosure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 1234-1244. Osborne, R. D. (1998). Equal opportunities monitoring Report for the 1997/98 University of Ulster entry cohort, Centre for Research on Higher Education, Equal Opportunities Report No 1. University of Ulster, Northern Ireland. Reno, R., & Kenny, D. (1992). Effects of self-consciousness and social anxiety on self-disclosure among unacquainted individuals: An application of the social relations model. Journal of Personality, 60, 79-95. Segrin, C. (1996). The relationship between social skills deficits and psychosocial problems. A test of a vulnerability model. Communication Research, 23 (4), 425-450. Snavely, W. B. (1981). The impact of social style upon person perception in primary relationships. Communication Quarterly, 29, 132-143. Stringer, M., & Hvattum, O. (1990). Intergroup communication on religion and the troubles among university students in Northern Ireland. The Irish Journal of Education, xxiv (2), 48-61. Stringer, M., & McLaughlin Cook, N. (1985). The effects of limited and conflicting stereotypic information on group categorization in Northern Ireland. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 15, 399-407. Tajfel, H., & Turner, C. J. (1986). The social identity of intergroup behavior. In S. Worchel, & W. G. Austin (Eds.), Psychology of intergroup relations (pp. 7-24). Chicago: Nelson-Hall. Tardy, C. H., & Dindia, K. (1997). Self-disclosure. In O. Hargie (Eds.), The handbook of communication skills (pp. 213-235). London: Routledge. Trew, K. (1986). Catholic-Protestant contact in Northern Ireland. In M. Hewstone, & R. Brown (Eds.), Contact and conflict in intergroup encounters (pp. 93-106). Oxford: Blackwell. Wetzel, C., & Wright-Buckley, C. (1988). Reciprocity of self-disclosure: Breakdowns of trust in cross-racial dyads. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 9, 277-288. Wheeless, L. R., & Grotz, J. (1977). The measurement of trust and its relationship to self-disclosure. Human Communication Research, 3, 250-257.",
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    }

    Dickson, D, Hargie, O & Rainey, S 2000, 'Communication and relational development between Catholic and Protestant students in Northern Ireland', vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 67-82.

    Communication and relational development between Catholic and Protestant students in Northern Ireland. / Dickson, David; Hargie, Owen; Rainey, Seanenne.

    Vol. 27, No. 1, 2000, p. 67-82.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Communication and relational development between Catholic and Protestant students in Northern Ireland

    AU - Dickson, David

    AU - Hargie, Owen

    AU - Rainey, Seanenne

    N1 - Reference text: Allan, G. (1998). Friendship, sociology and social structure. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 15 (5), 658-702. Allport, G. W. (1954). The nature of prejudice. Reading, Mann.: Addis-Wesley. Brown., R., Condor, A. M., Wade, G., & Williams, J. (1986). Explaining intergroup differentiation in an industrial organization. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 59, 273-286. Burgoon, M., & Guerrero, L. K. (1994). Relational communication. In M. Burgoon., F. G. Hunsaker, & E. J. Dawson (Eds.), Human Communication (pp. 277-326). London: Sage. Cairns, E. (1980). The development of ethnic discrimination in young children in Northern Ireland. In J. Harbison, & J. Harbison (Eds.), A society under stress: Children and young people in Northern Ireland (pp. 115-127). London: Open Books. Derlega, V. J., Metts, S., Petronio, S., & Margulis, S. T. (1993). Self-disclosure. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Dickson, D., Saunders, C., & Stringer, M. (1993). Rewarding people: The skill of responding positively. London: Routledge. Dindia, K., Fitzpatrick, M. A., & Kenny, D. A. (1997). Self-disclosure in spouse and stranger interaction: A social relations analysis. Human Communication Research, 23 (3), 388-412. Fisher, D. (1984). A conceptual analysis of self-disclosure. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 14 (3), 277-296. Gallager, A. M., & Dunn, S. (1990). Contact and Integration among Protestants and Catholics. In P. Stringer & G. Robinson (Eds.), The Northern Ireland social attitudes report (pp. 1-22). Belfast: Blackstaff. Hargie, C. T. C., & Tourish, D. (1997). Relational communication. In O. Hargie (Eds.), The handbook of communication skills (pp. 358-382). London: Routledge. Hargie, O. D. W., Dickson, D. A., & Hargie, C. T. C. (1995). The effects of religious affiliation in Northern Ireland upon levels of self-disclosure of undergraduates. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 5, 173-187. Hogg, M. A. (1987). Social identity and group cohesiveness. In J. C. Turner., M. A. Hogg, P. J. Oakes, S. D. Reicher, & M. S. Wetherell, Rediscovering the social group: A self-categorization theory (pp. 89-116). Oxford, England: Basil Blackwell. McCroskey, J. C., & Richmond, V. P. (1979). The Reliability and validity of scales for the measurement of interpersonal attraction and homophily. Paper presented at the Eastern Communication Association, Phil. Miller, L. C., Berg, J. H., & Archer, R. L. (1983). Openers: Individuals who elicit intimate self-disclosure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 1234-1244. Osborne, R. D. (1998). Equal opportunities monitoring Report for the 1997/98 University of Ulster entry cohort, Centre for Research on Higher Education, Equal Opportunities Report No 1. University of Ulster, Northern Ireland. Reno, R., & Kenny, D. (1992). Effects of self-consciousness and social anxiety on self-disclosure among unacquainted individuals: An application of the social relations model. Journal of Personality, 60, 79-95. Segrin, C. (1996). The relationship between social skills deficits and psychosocial problems. A test of a vulnerability model. Communication Research, 23 (4), 425-450. Snavely, W. B. (1981). The impact of social style upon person perception in primary relationships. Communication Quarterly, 29, 132-143. Stringer, M., & Hvattum, O. (1990). Intergroup communication on religion and the troubles among university students in Northern Ireland. The Irish Journal of Education, xxiv (2), 48-61. Stringer, M., & McLaughlin Cook, N. (1985). The effects of limited and conflicting stereotypic information on group categorization in Northern Ireland. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 15, 399-407. Tajfel, H., & Turner, C. J. (1986). The social identity of intergroup behavior. In S. Worchel, & W. G. Austin (Eds.), Psychology of intergroup relations (pp. 7-24). Chicago: Nelson-Hall. Tardy, C. H., & Dindia, K. (1997). Self-disclosure. In O. Hargie (Eds.), The handbook of communication skills (pp. 213-235). London: Routledge. Trew, K. (1986). Catholic-Protestant contact in Northern Ireland. In M. Hewstone, & R. Brown (Eds.), Contact and conflict in intergroup encounters (pp. 93-106). Oxford: Blackwell. Wetzel, C., & Wright-Buckley, C. (1988). Reciprocity of self-disclosure: Breakdowns of trust in cross-racial dyads. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 9, 277-288. Wheeless, L. R., & Grotz, J. (1977). The measurement of trust and its relationship to self-disclosure. Human Communication Research, 3, 250-257.

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    AB - This article presents the results of a major investigation into the content and pattern of inter and intradenominational disclosure, and the degree to which relationship development occurs, between all Protestant and Catholic first-year students from Northern Ireland (n=270), who were enrolled in one faculty of a major university. The study was in three parts: a self-report survey encompassing measures of group identification, self-disclosure, attraction, trust, and out-group contact; an analysis of students’ verbal and nonverbal behaviour patterns in cross-denominational dyads; and a focus group study of students’ attitudes and experiences. Results in all three parts reveal major differences between the two denominations.

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