Commercial weight loss diets meet nutrient requirements in free living adults over 8 weeks: A randomised controlled weight loss trial

H Truby, R Hiscutt, A.M. Herriot, M Stanley, A Delooy, K.R. Fox, S Baic, P.J. Robson, I Macdonald, M.A. Taylor, R Ware, C Logan, M.B.E. Livingstone

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: To investigate the effect of commercial weight loss programmes on macronutrient composition and micronutrient adequacy over a 2 month period. Design: Adults were randomly allocated to follow the Slim Fast Plan, Weight Watchers Pure Points Programme, Dr Atkins' New Diet Revolution, or Rosemary Conley's `` Eat Yourself Slim'' Diet & Fitness Plan. Setting: A multi-centre randomised controlled trial. Subjects: 293 adults, mean age 40.3 years and a mean BMI 31.7 (range 27 - 38) were allocated to follow one of the four diets or control group. Subjects completed a 7-day food and activity diary at baseline (prior to randomisation) and after 2 months. Diet records were analysed for nutrient composition using WinDiets (research version). Results: A significant shift in the macronutrient composition of the diet with concurrent alteration of the micronutrient profile was apparent with all diets. There was no evidence to suggest micronutrient deficiency in subjects on any of the dietary regimens. However, those sub- groups with higher needs for specific micronutrients, such as folate, iron or calcium may benefit from tailored dietary advice. Conclusion: The diets tested all resulted in considerable macronutrient change and resulted in an energy deficit indicating dietary compliance. Health professionals and those working in community and public health should be reassured of the nutritional adequacy of the diets tested.
    LanguageEnglish
    JournalNutrition Journal
    Volume7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

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    Reducing Diet
    Weight Loss
    Micronutrients
    Diet
    Food
    Diet Records
    Carbohydrate-Restricted Diet
    Weight Reduction Programs
    Random Allocation
    Folic Acid
    Iron
    Randomized Controlled Trials
    Public Health
    Calcium
    Weights and Measures
    Control Groups
    Health
    Research

    Cite this

    Truby, H ; Hiscutt, R ; Herriot, A.M. ; Stanley, M ; Delooy, A ; Fox, K.R. ; Baic, S ; Robson, P.J. ; Macdonald, I ; Taylor, M.A. ; Ware, R ; Logan, C ; Livingstone, M.B.E. / Commercial weight loss diets meet nutrient requirements in free living adults over 8 weeks: A randomised controlled weight loss trial. In: Nutrition Journal. 2008 ; Vol. 7.
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    title = "Commercial weight loss diets meet nutrient requirements in free living adults over 8 weeks: A randomised controlled weight loss trial",
    abstract = "Objective: To investigate the effect of commercial weight loss programmes on macronutrient composition and micronutrient adequacy over a 2 month period. Design: Adults were randomly allocated to follow the Slim Fast Plan, Weight Watchers Pure Points Programme, Dr Atkins' New Diet Revolution, or Rosemary Conley's `` Eat Yourself Slim'' Diet & Fitness Plan. Setting: A multi-centre randomised controlled trial. Subjects: 293 adults, mean age 40.3 years and a mean BMI 31.7 (range 27 - 38) were allocated to follow one of the four diets or control group. Subjects completed a 7-day food and activity diary at baseline (prior to randomisation) and after 2 months. Diet records were analysed for nutrient composition using WinDiets (research version). Results: A significant shift in the macronutrient composition of the diet with concurrent alteration of the micronutrient profile was apparent with all diets. There was no evidence to suggest micronutrient deficiency in subjects on any of the dietary regimens. However, those sub- groups with higher needs for specific micronutrients, such as folate, iron or calcium may benefit from tailored dietary advice. Conclusion: The diets tested all resulted in considerable macronutrient change and resulted in an energy deficit indicating dietary compliance. Health professionals and those working in community and public health should be reassured of the nutritional adequacy of the diets tested.",
    author = "H Truby and R Hiscutt and A.M. Herriot and M Stanley and A Delooy and K.R. Fox and S Baic and P.J. Robson and I Macdonald and M.A. Taylor and R Ware and C Logan and M.B.E. Livingstone",
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    Truby, H, Hiscutt, R, Herriot, AM, Stanley, M, Delooy, A, Fox, KR, Baic, S, Robson, PJ, Macdonald, I, Taylor, MA, Ware, R, Logan, C & Livingstone, MBE 2008, 'Commercial weight loss diets meet nutrient requirements in free living adults over 8 weeks: A randomised controlled weight loss trial', Nutrition Journal, vol. 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-7-25

    Commercial weight loss diets meet nutrient requirements in free living adults over 8 weeks: A randomised controlled weight loss trial. / Truby, H; Hiscutt, R; Herriot, A.M.; Stanley, M; Delooy, A; Fox, K.R.; Baic, S; Robson, P.J.; Macdonald, I; Taylor, M.A.; Ware, R; Logan, C; Livingstone, M.B.E.

    In: Nutrition Journal, Vol. 7, 09.2008.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Commercial weight loss diets meet nutrient requirements in free living adults over 8 weeks: A randomised controlled weight loss trial

    AU - Truby, H

    AU - Hiscutt, R

    AU - Herriot, A.M.

    AU - Stanley, M

    AU - Delooy, A

    AU - Fox, K.R.

    AU - Baic, S

    AU - Robson, P.J.

    AU - Macdonald, I

    AU - Taylor, M.A.

    AU - Ware, R

    AU - Logan, C

    AU - Livingstone, M.B.E.

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    N2 - Objective: To investigate the effect of commercial weight loss programmes on macronutrient composition and micronutrient adequacy over a 2 month period. Design: Adults were randomly allocated to follow the Slim Fast Plan, Weight Watchers Pure Points Programme, Dr Atkins' New Diet Revolution, or Rosemary Conley's `` Eat Yourself Slim'' Diet & Fitness Plan. Setting: A multi-centre randomised controlled trial. Subjects: 293 adults, mean age 40.3 years and a mean BMI 31.7 (range 27 - 38) were allocated to follow one of the four diets or control group. Subjects completed a 7-day food and activity diary at baseline (prior to randomisation) and after 2 months. Diet records were analysed for nutrient composition using WinDiets (research version). Results: A significant shift in the macronutrient composition of the diet with concurrent alteration of the micronutrient profile was apparent with all diets. There was no evidence to suggest micronutrient deficiency in subjects on any of the dietary regimens. However, those sub- groups with higher needs for specific micronutrients, such as folate, iron or calcium may benefit from tailored dietary advice. Conclusion: The diets tested all resulted in considerable macronutrient change and resulted in an energy deficit indicating dietary compliance. Health professionals and those working in community and public health should be reassured of the nutritional adequacy of the diets tested.

    AB - Objective: To investigate the effect of commercial weight loss programmes on macronutrient composition and micronutrient adequacy over a 2 month period. Design: Adults were randomly allocated to follow the Slim Fast Plan, Weight Watchers Pure Points Programme, Dr Atkins' New Diet Revolution, or Rosemary Conley's `` Eat Yourself Slim'' Diet & Fitness Plan. Setting: A multi-centre randomised controlled trial. Subjects: 293 adults, mean age 40.3 years and a mean BMI 31.7 (range 27 - 38) were allocated to follow one of the four diets or control group. Subjects completed a 7-day food and activity diary at baseline (prior to randomisation) and after 2 months. Diet records were analysed for nutrient composition using WinDiets (research version). Results: A significant shift in the macronutrient composition of the diet with concurrent alteration of the micronutrient profile was apparent with all diets. There was no evidence to suggest micronutrient deficiency in subjects on any of the dietary regimens. However, those sub- groups with higher needs for specific micronutrients, such as folate, iron or calcium may benefit from tailored dietary advice. Conclusion: The diets tested all resulted in considerable macronutrient change and resulted in an energy deficit indicating dietary compliance. Health professionals and those working in community and public health should be reassured of the nutritional adequacy of the diets tested.

    U2 - 10.1186/1475-2891-7-25

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    JO - Nutrition Journal

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    SN - 1475-2891

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