Collaborative & Multidiscipline Working - From Theory to Practice in 48 Hours: A Case Study from BIM Region Northern Ireland (J)

David Comiskey, Mark McKane, Eoin O'Shea, John Hughes, Sean McNiff, Robert Eadie

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Abstract

Latest statistics would indicate that the policy related to Building Information Modelling (BIM)implementation is working, with awareness and usage figures for both the UK and Ireland going over the 50% mark for the first time. However, whilst these results are positive, there is a realisation that there is still a distance to travel before BIM use could be considered comprehensive. This would suggest that there is still a need for a greater number of case studies to promote collaborative working practices, the BIM process and the benefits and challenges associated with its use. This paper intends to assist in this regard by documenting the outcomes from a 48-hour BIM competition in which the authors participated. Although the project was hypothetical, it allowed for collaborative working via a cloud based platform, simulating real world practice and many of the working methods required to deliver BIM Level 2. The paper will focus on providing critical analysis of the challenges faced and the lessons to be learnt from the implementation of BIM processes on this project.
LanguageEnglish
Pages55-71
JournalInternational Journal of 3-D Information Modeling
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

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Keywords

  • BIM
  • Collaboration
  • Collaborative Working

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@article{27554ac02de240c080ea32a0b178cd64,
title = "Collaborative & Multidiscipline Working - From Theory to Practice in 48 Hours: A Case Study from BIM Region Northern Ireland (J)",
abstract = "Latest statistics would indicate that the policy related to Building Information Modelling (BIM)implementation is working, with awareness and usage figures for both the UK and Ireland going over the 50{\%} mark for the first time. However, whilst these results are positive, there is a realisation that there is still a distance to travel before BIM use could be considered comprehensive. This would suggest that there is still a need for a greater number of case studies to promote collaborative working practices, the BIM process and the benefits and challenges associated with its use. This paper intends to assist in this regard by documenting the outcomes from a 48-hour BIM competition in which the authors participated. Although the project was hypothetical, it allowed for collaborative working via a cloud based platform, simulating real world practice and many of the working methods required to deliver BIM Level 2. The paper will focus on providing critical analysis of the challenges faced and the lessons to be learnt from the implementation of BIM processes on this project.",
keywords = "BIM, Collaboration, Collaborative Working",
author = "David Comiskey and Mark McKane and Eoin O'Shea and John Hughes and Sean McNiff and Robert Eadie",
note = "Reference text: Abbasnejad, B., Nepal, M., & Drogemuller, R. (2016). Key Enablers for Effective Management of BIM Implementation in Construction Firms.Proceedings of the CIB World Building Congress 2016,Tampere, Finland (Vol. 1, pp. 622-634). British Standards Institution (BSI). (2013). PAS 1192-2:2013 Specification for information management for the capital/delivery phase of construction projects using building information modelling. United Kingdom/London, British Standards Institution. Retrieved from http://shop.bsigroup.com/forms/PASs/PAS-1192-2/ Build Earth. (2015). Build Earth Live. Retrieved from http://www.buildearthlive.com/about Cabinet Office. (2011). Government Construction Strategy. United Kingdom/London, HM Government Retrieved from https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/61152/Government- Construction-Strategy_0.pdf Central Statistics Office. (2014). Population and Migration Estimates. Retrieved from http://www.cso.ie/en/releasesandpublications/er/pme/populationandmigrationestimatesapril2014/#.VafML-f8Fho Chen, H., & Tien, H. (2007). Application of Peer-to-Peer Network for Real-Time Online Collaborative Computer-Aided Design. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 21(2), 112–121. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0887- 3801(2007)21:2(112) Comiskey, D., Tzortzopoulos, P., & Winnington, M. (2014). An Evaluation of Building Information Modelling and Its Impact on Design. In T. Kouider (Ed.), Proceedings of the 5th International Congress of Architectural Technology, Aberdeen, UK (pp. 164-177). Department of Finance and Personnel (DFP) (UK). (2015a). Procurement Guidance Note PGN 03/15 Building Information Modelling (BIM). Retrieved from https://www.dfpni.gov.uk/sites/default/files/publications/dfp/ PGN-03-15-Building-Information-Modelling-{\%}28BIM{\%}29.PDF Department of Finance and Personnel(DFP) (UK). (2015b). Northern Ireland Construction Bulletin - Output in the Construction Industry - Q1 2015. Retrieved from http://www.csu.nisra.gov.uk/niconsq12015.pdf Eadie, R., Browne, M., Odeyinka, H., McKeown, C., & McNiff, S. (2013). BIM implementation throughout the UK construction project lifecycle: An analysis. Automation in Construction, 36, 145–151. doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2013.09.001 Eadie, R., Comiskey, D., & McKane, M. (2014). Teaching BIM in a Multidisciplinary Department. Proceedings of the 5th International Education, Science and Innovations conference, Pernik, Bulgaria. Eadie, R., & McClean, M. (2015). An Investigation of Interoperability Issues Between Building Information Modelling (BIM) And E-Procurement. Proceedings of the 5th International Education, Science and Innovations conference, Pernik, Bulgaria (pp. 7-12). Egan, J. (1998). Rethinking Construction: The Report of the Construction Task Force. United Kingdom. Retrieved from http://constructingexcellence.org.uk/wp content/uploads/2014/10/rethinking_construction_report.pdf Enterprise Ireland/CITA. (2015). Leadership in Transition Survey Report. Retrieved from http://www.bimireland.ie/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/EI-CITA-BIM-Transition-Survey.pdf European Commission. (2005). The new SME definition - User guide and model declaration. Enterprise and Industry Publications. Belgium / Brussels, European Commission. Retrieved from http://www.eusmecentre.org.cn/sites/default/files/files/news/SME{\%}20Definition.pdf Federation of Small Businesses Northern Ireland. (2009). Evaluating SME Experiences of Government Procurement in Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland / Belfast, Federation of Small Businesses. Retrieved from http://www.fsb.org.uk/LegacySitePath/policy/rpu/ni/images/final{\%}20lestas{\%}20report.pdf Forfas. (2013). Ireland’s Construction Sector - Outlook and Strategic Plan to 2015. Retrieved from http://www.surveyorsjournal.ie/index.php/tag/irelands-construction-sector-outlook-and-strategic-plan-to-2015/ Lahiff, B. (2011). BIM ‘An Introduction’. Retrieved from https://www.engineersireland.ie/EngineersIreland/media/SiteMedia/groups/Divisions/structures/1-Intro-Engineers-BIM-120416.pdf?ext=.pdf Lam, T., Mahdjoubi, L., & Mason, J. (2015). A web-based Decision Support System (DSS) to assist Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) to broker risks and rewards for BIM adoption. In Building Information Modelling (BIM) in Design, Construction and Operations, Southampton, United Kingdom: WITpress. Latham, M. (1994). Constructing the Team: Final Report of the Government/Industry Review of Procurement and Contractual Arrangements in the UK Construction Industry. Retrieved from http://constructingexcellence.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Constructing-the-team-The-Latham-Report.pdf Matsumoto, I., Stapleton, J., Glass, J., & Thorpe, T. (2005). Use of process maps to develop a management briefing sheet for a design consultancy. Engineering, Construction, and Architectural Management, 12(5), 458–469. doi:10.1108/09699980510627153 McGraw Hill. (2014). The Business Value of BIM for Owners. United Kingdom / Bedford, McGraw Hill Financial.Retrieved from http://www.i2sl.org/elibrary/documents/Business_Value_of_BIM_for_Owners_SMR_(2014).pdf Monozam, N., Monazam, H., Hosseini, R., & Zeari, F. (2016). Barriers to Adopting Building Information Modelling (BIM) Within South Australian Small and Medium Sized Enterprizes. Proceedings of the Fifth International Scientific Conference on Project Management in the Baltic Countries, Riga, Latvia (pp. 125-132). National Federation of Builders. (2012). BIM: Ready or not? United Kingdom / Crawley, National Federation of Builders. Retrieved from http://www.builders.org.uk/resources/nfb/000/318/333/NFB_BIM_Survey_BIMready_or_not.pdf NBS. (2016). NBS National BIM Report 2016. United Kingdom / Newcastle upon Tyne, NBS. Retrieved from https://www.thenbs.com/knowledge/national-bim-report-2016 Newton, K., & Chileshe, N. (2012). Awareness, Usage and Benefits of Building Information Modelling (BIM) Adoption–The Case of the South Australian Construction Organisations. In S.D Smith, (Ed.), Proceedings of the 28th Annual ARCOM Conference, Edinburgh, UK (pp. 3-5). Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA). (2015). Northern Ireland Population Estimates 2014. Retrieved from http://www.nisra.gov.uk/archive/demography/population/midyear/MYE14_Infographic.pdf Sebastian, R. (2011). Changing roles of the clients, architects and contractors through BIM. Engineering, Construction, and Architectural Management, 18(2), 176–187. doi:10.1108/09699981111111148 Succar, B. (2009). Building information modelling framework: A research and delivery foundation for industry stakeholders. Automation in Construction, 18(3), 357–375. doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2008.10.003 The B1M (2015). How can Social Media Democratise Building Design and Operation? Retrieved from http://www.theb1m.com/video/how-can-social-media-democratise-building-design-operation-socialbim-with-subutcher-episode-4 Travaglini, A., Radujković, M., & Mancini, M. (2014). Building Information Modelling (BIM) and Project Management: A Stakeholders Perspective. Organization, Technology and Management in Construction. International Journal (Toronto, Ont.), 6(2), 1001–1008. Wang, Y., Wang, X., Wang, J., Yung, P., & Jun, G. (2013). Engagement of Facilities Management in Design Stage through BIM: Framework and a Case Study. Advances in Civil Engineering, 2013, 1–8. doi:10.1155/2013/189105 Wong, K. (2008). The Summer of BIM. Retrieved from http://www.cadalyst.com/cad/building-design/thesummer-bim-tech-trends-column-3729",
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T1 - Collaborative & Multidiscipline Working - From Theory to Practice in 48 Hours: A Case Study from BIM Region Northern Ireland (J)

AU - Comiskey, David

AU - McKane, Mark

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AU - Hughes, John

AU - McNiff, Sean

AU - Eadie, Robert

N1 - Reference text: Abbasnejad, B., Nepal, M., & Drogemuller, R. (2016). Key Enablers for Effective Management of BIM Implementation in Construction Firms.Proceedings of the CIB World Building Congress 2016,Tampere, Finland (Vol. 1, pp. 622-634). British Standards Institution (BSI). (2013). PAS 1192-2:2013 Specification for information management for the capital/delivery phase of construction projects using building information modelling. United Kingdom/London, British Standards Institution. Retrieved from http://shop.bsigroup.com/forms/PASs/PAS-1192-2/ Build Earth. (2015). Build Earth Live. Retrieved from http://www.buildearthlive.com/about Cabinet Office. (2011). Government Construction Strategy. United Kingdom/London, HM Government Retrieved from https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/61152/Government- Construction-Strategy_0.pdf Central Statistics Office. (2014). Population and Migration Estimates. Retrieved from http://www.cso.ie/en/releasesandpublications/er/pme/populationandmigrationestimatesapril2014/#.VafML-f8Fho Chen, H., & Tien, H. (2007). Application of Peer-to-Peer Network for Real-Time Online Collaborative Computer-Aided Design. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 21(2), 112–121. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0887- 3801(2007)21:2(112) Comiskey, D., Tzortzopoulos, P., & Winnington, M. (2014). An Evaluation of Building Information Modelling and Its Impact on Design. In T. Kouider (Ed.), Proceedings of the 5th International Congress of Architectural Technology, Aberdeen, UK (pp. 164-177). Department of Finance and Personnel (DFP) (UK). (2015a). Procurement Guidance Note PGN 03/15 Building Information Modelling (BIM). Retrieved from https://www.dfpni.gov.uk/sites/default/files/publications/dfp/ PGN-03-15-Building-Information-Modelling-%28BIM%29.PDF Department of Finance and Personnel(DFP) (UK). (2015b). Northern Ireland Construction Bulletin - Output in the Construction Industry - Q1 2015. Retrieved from http://www.csu.nisra.gov.uk/niconsq12015.pdf Eadie, R., Browne, M., Odeyinka, H., McKeown, C., & McNiff, S. (2013). BIM implementation throughout the UK construction project lifecycle: An analysis. Automation in Construction, 36, 145–151. doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2013.09.001 Eadie, R., Comiskey, D., & McKane, M. (2014). Teaching BIM in a Multidisciplinary Department. Proceedings of the 5th International Education, Science and Innovations conference, Pernik, Bulgaria. Eadie, R., & McClean, M. (2015). An Investigation of Interoperability Issues Between Building Information Modelling (BIM) And E-Procurement. Proceedings of the 5th International Education, Science and Innovations conference, Pernik, Bulgaria (pp. 7-12). Egan, J. (1998). Rethinking Construction: The Report of the Construction Task Force. United Kingdom. Retrieved from http://constructingexcellence.org.uk/wp content/uploads/2014/10/rethinking_construction_report.pdf Enterprise Ireland/CITA. (2015). Leadership in Transition Survey Report. Retrieved from http://www.bimireland.ie/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/EI-CITA-BIM-Transition-Survey.pdf European Commission. (2005). The new SME definition - User guide and model declaration. Enterprise and Industry Publications. Belgium / Brussels, European Commission. Retrieved from http://www.eusmecentre.org.cn/sites/default/files/files/news/SME%20Definition.pdf Federation of Small Businesses Northern Ireland. (2009). Evaluating SME Experiences of Government Procurement in Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland / Belfast, Federation of Small Businesses. Retrieved from http://www.fsb.org.uk/LegacySitePath/policy/rpu/ni/images/final%20lestas%20report.pdf Forfas. (2013). Ireland’s Construction Sector - Outlook and Strategic Plan to 2015. Retrieved from http://www.surveyorsjournal.ie/index.php/tag/irelands-construction-sector-outlook-and-strategic-plan-to-2015/ Lahiff, B. (2011). BIM ‘An Introduction’. Retrieved from https://www.engineersireland.ie/EngineersIreland/media/SiteMedia/groups/Divisions/structures/1-Intro-Engineers-BIM-120416.pdf?ext=.pdf Lam, T., Mahdjoubi, L., & Mason, J. (2015). A web-based Decision Support System (DSS) to assist Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) to broker risks and rewards for BIM adoption. In Building Information Modelling (BIM) in Design, Construction and Operations, Southampton, United Kingdom: WITpress. Latham, M. (1994). Constructing the Team: Final Report of the Government/Industry Review of Procurement and Contractual Arrangements in the UK Construction Industry. Retrieved from http://constructingexcellence.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Constructing-the-team-The-Latham-Report.pdf Matsumoto, I., Stapleton, J., Glass, J., & Thorpe, T. (2005). Use of process maps to develop a management briefing sheet for a design consultancy. Engineering, Construction, and Architectural Management, 12(5), 458–469. doi:10.1108/09699980510627153 McGraw Hill. (2014). The Business Value of BIM for Owners. United Kingdom / Bedford, McGraw Hill Financial.Retrieved from http://www.i2sl.org/elibrary/documents/Business_Value_of_BIM_for_Owners_SMR_(2014).pdf Monozam, N., Monazam, H., Hosseini, R., & Zeari, F. (2016). Barriers to Adopting Building Information Modelling (BIM) Within South Australian Small and Medium Sized Enterprizes. Proceedings of the Fifth International Scientific Conference on Project Management in the Baltic Countries, Riga, Latvia (pp. 125-132). National Federation of Builders. (2012). BIM: Ready or not? United Kingdom / Crawley, National Federation of Builders. Retrieved from http://www.builders.org.uk/resources/nfb/000/318/333/NFB_BIM_Survey_BIMready_or_not.pdf NBS. (2016). NBS National BIM Report 2016. United Kingdom / Newcastle upon Tyne, NBS. Retrieved from https://www.thenbs.com/knowledge/national-bim-report-2016 Newton, K., & Chileshe, N. (2012). Awareness, Usage and Benefits of Building Information Modelling (BIM) Adoption–The Case of the South Australian Construction Organisations. In S.D Smith, (Ed.), Proceedings of the 28th Annual ARCOM Conference, Edinburgh, UK (pp. 3-5). Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA). (2015). Northern Ireland Population Estimates 2014. Retrieved from http://www.nisra.gov.uk/archive/demography/population/midyear/MYE14_Infographic.pdf Sebastian, R. (2011). Changing roles of the clients, architects and contractors through BIM. Engineering, Construction, and Architectural Management, 18(2), 176–187. doi:10.1108/09699981111111148 Succar, B. (2009). Building information modelling framework: A research and delivery foundation for industry stakeholders. Automation in Construction, 18(3), 357–375. doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2008.10.003 The B1M (2015). How can Social Media Democratise Building Design and Operation? Retrieved from http://www.theb1m.com/video/how-can-social-media-democratise-building-design-operation-socialbim-with-subutcher-episode-4 Travaglini, A., Radujković, M., & Mancini, M. (2014). Building Information Modelling (BIM) and Project Management: A Stakeholders Perspective. Organization, Technology and Management in Construction. International Journal (Toronto, Ont.), 6(2), 1001–1008. Wang, Y., Wang, X., Wang, J., Yung, P., & Jun, G. (2013). Engagement of Facilities Management in Design Stage through BIM: Framework and a Case Study. Advances in Civil Engineering, 2013, 1–8. doi:10.1155/2013/189105 Wong, K. (2008). The Summer of BIM. Retrieved from http://www.cadalyst.com/cad/building-design/thesummer-bim-tech-trends-column-3729

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N2 - Latest statistics would indicate that the policy related to Building Information Modelling (BIM)implementation is working, with awareness and usage figures for both the UK and Ireland going over the 50% mark for the first time. However, whilst these results are positive, there is a realisation that there is still a distance to travel before BIM use could be considered comprehensive. This would suggest that there is still a need for a greater number of case studies to promote collaborative working practices, the BIM process and the benefits and challenges associated with its use. This paper intends to assist in this regard by documenting the outcomes from a 48-hour BIM competition in which the authors participated. Although the project was hypothetical, it allowed for collaborative working via a cloud based platform, simulating real world practice and many of the working methods required to deliver BIM Level 2. The paper will focus on providing critical analysis of the challenges faced and the lessons to be learnt from the implementation of BIM processes on this project.

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