Clinical pharmacy interventions in an Austrian hospital: a report highlights the need for the implementation of clinical pharmacy services

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Clinical pharmacy services face challenges in Austria due to limited implementation and acceptance, outdated legislation and a lack of guidelines and training, despite the evidence from global studies of the positive impact of clinical pharmacists on patient care. Objectives: First, to identify the necessary types of clinical pharmacy interventions required at a 360-bed hospital located in Austria. Second, to evaluate the extent to which physicians accept the suggestions made by clinical pharmacists. Methods: Over a period of 27 months, a clinical pharmacist made a series of interventions, which were evaluated using a six-point clinical significance scale. To determine the inter-rater reliability, a subset of 25 interventions was assessed for their clinical significance by four independent internal medicine physicians. Results: A total of 1064 interventions were made by the pharmacist. Clinical pharmacy input was deemed necessary for 986 out of 1364 (72.3%) patients, with an average of 1.08 interventions per patient. The prompt acceptance rate of these interventions by physicians was 83.5% (888/1064), while 12.9% (137/1064) were considered by physicians but not immediately acted upon. The average clinical significance intervention rating was 2.15. The inter-rater reliability agreement between the four MDs and between the four MDs and the pharmacist was classified as 'good' to 'moderate'. Conclusion: This study in a secondary care Austrian hospital demonstrates the requirement for clinical pharmacy services, which are highly valued by other healthcare professionals. The clinical pharmacist is a key member of the multidisciplinary ward team, playing a vital role in reducing drug-related problems and enhancing patient safety. This work should now be scaled and tested in other Austrian hospitals.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberejhpharm-2023-003840
JournalEuropean Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
DOIs
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 25 Sept 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© European Association of Hospital Pharmacists 2023. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

Keywords

  • Clinical Competence
  • DRUG-RELATED SIDE EFFECTS AND ADVERSE REACTIONS
  • EVIDENCE-BASED MEDICINE
  • MEDICAL ERRORS
  • PHARMACY SERVICE, HOSPITAL
  • PUBLIC HEALTH
  • Quality of Health Care

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Clinical pharmacy interventions in an Austrian hospital: a report highlights the need for the implementation of clinical pharmacy services'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this