Citizenship Education in Northern Ireland: beyond national identity?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The introduction of citizenship education to the curriculum of all schools in Northern Ireland is one way of underpinning a long-term commitment to democratic politics as part of a fragile peace process. However, the concept of citizenship requires careful consideration in a society where there are different loyalties that give rise to conflict over the future constitutional status of the society itself. Neither British nor Irish national identity provides the basis for a ‘patriotic’ model of citizenship that could be accepted in all schools. This article describes the commitments and confidence-building measures contained in the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement and its implications for developing a concept of citizenship that might transcend the two main nationalisms that exist in Northern Ireland.
LanguageEnglish
Pages15-31
JournalCambridge Journal of Education
Volume33
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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national identity
citizenship
education
commitment
peace process
loyalty
school
confidence
curriculum
politics
Society

Keywords

  • citizenship education
  • conflict
  • Northern Ireland

Cite this

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title = "Citizenship Education in Northern Ireland: beyond national identity?",
abstract = "The introduction of citizenship education to the curriculum of all schools in Northern Ireland is one way of underpinning a long-term commitment to democratic politics as part of a fragile peace process. However, the concept of citizenship requires careful consideration in a society where there are different loyalties that give rise to conflict over the future constitutional status of the society itself. Neither British nor Irish national identity provides the basis for a ‘patriotic’ model of citizenship that could be accepted in all schools. This article describes the commitments and confidence-building measures contained in the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement and its implications for developing a concept of citizenship that might transcend the two main nationalisms that exist in Northern Ireland.",
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author = "Alan Smith",
note = "Reference text: ARLOW, M. (1999) Citizenship education in a contested society, Development Education Journal, 6(1), pp. 14–15. AUDIGIER, F. (2000) Basic Concepts and Core Competences for Education for Democratic Citizenship (Strasbourg, Council of Europe). BRYAN, D. (2000) Orange Parades: the politics of ritual, tradition and control (London, Pluto Press). BUSH, K. D. & SALTARELLI, D. (2000) The Two Faces of Education in Ethnic Conflict, (Florence, United Nations Children’s Fund, Innocenti Research Centre) CONNOLLY, P., SMITH, A. & KELLS, B. (2002) Too Young to Notice? The Cultural and Political Awareness of 3–6 Year Olds in Northern Ireland (Belfast, The Community Relations Council). CRICK, B. (1998) Education for Citizenship and the Teaching of Democracy in Schools (London, QCA). DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FOR NORTHERN IRELAND (1998) Towards a Culture of Tolerance: integrating education (Department of Education, Bangor). DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FOR NORTHERN IRELAND (1999) Towards a Culture of Tolerance: education for diversity (Department of Education, Bangor). DUERR, K., SPAJIC´ -VRKASˇ, V. & FERREIRE MARTINS, I. (2000) Strategies for Learning Democratic Citizenship (Strasbourg, Council of Europe). DUFFIELD, M. (2001) Global Governance and the New Wars (London, Zed). FAY, M. T., MORRISSEY, M. & SMYTH, M. (1999) Northern Ireland’s Troubles: the human costs (London, Pluto Press). GALLAGHER, T. & SMITH, A. (2002) Attitudes to academic selection, integrated education and diversity within the curriculum, in: A. M. GRAY, K. LLOYD, P. DEVINE, G. ROBINSON & D. HEENAN (Eds) Social Attitudes in Northern Ireland. The Eighth Report (London, Pluto Press). JARMAN, N. & BRYAN, D. (1996) Parade and Protest: a discussion of parading disputes in Northern Ireland (Coleraine, University of Ulster). JARMAN, N. & BRYAN, D. (1998) From Riots to Rights: nationalist parades in the north of Ireland (Coleraine, University of Ulster). KINCHELOE, J. L. & STEINBURG, S. R. (1997) Changing Multiculturalism (Buckingham, Open University Press). PAREKH, B. (2000) The Future of Multi-Ethnic Britain (London, Profile Books Limited). PATRICK, J. (1999) Education for constructive engagement of citizens in democratic civil society, in: C. BAHMUELLER & J. PATRICK (Eds) Principles and Practices of Education for Democratic Citizenship (Indiana, ERIC Clearinghouse). ROWTHORN, B. & WAYNE, N. (1988) Northern Ireland: the political economy of conflict (London, Polity Press). SMITH, A. (2001) Religious Segregation and the Emergence of Integrated Schools in Northern Ireland, Oxford Review of Education, 27(4), pp. 559–575. SMITH, A. & ROBINSON, A. (1996) Education for Mutual Understanding: the initial, statutory years (Coleraine, University of Ulster). SMYTH, M. & SCOTT, M. (2000) The Youthquest 2000 Survey (Londonderry, INCORE). TORNEY-PURTA, J., SCHWILLE, J. & AMADEO, J. A. (Eds) (1999) Civic Education Across Countries: twenty-four case studies from the civic education project (Amsterdam, Eburon Publishers). TORNEY-PURTA, J., LEHAMAN, R., OSWALD, H. & SCHULZ, W. (2001) Citizenship and Education in Twenty-Eight Countries: civic knowledge and engagement at age fourteen (Amsterdam, International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement). UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES (2001) Global Report (Geneva, UNHCR). VELDHUIS, R. (1997) Education for Democratic Citizenship: dimensions of citizenship, core competencies, variables and international activities (Strasbourg, Council of Europe).",
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Citizenship Education in Northern Ireland: beyond national identity? / Smith, Alan.

In: Cambridge Journal of Education, Vol. 33, No. 1, 2003, p. 15-31.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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