Citizenship and Social Exclusion: The Re-Integration of Political Prisoners in Northern Ireland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The continuity of political themes between pre- and post-conflict Northern Ireland and the prominence of ex-prisoners in the political landscape render imperative the social integration of political ex-prisoners as a means to ease movement to a more normal political environment. This article argues that the means by which this may be achieved is through a vibrant engagement with the notion of citizenship, and through a privileging of the idea of social citizenship as something which unites both political traditions and through which the more thorny issue of political citizenship may be approached. In particular, the issues of poverty and social exclusion lie at the heart of the concerns of political ex-prisoners and, it is argued, lie at the heart of any potential solution to them. Social citizenship is therefore presented as the foundation for a model of transitional citizenship and a solid base from which to build a new and inclusive society.
LanguageEnglish
Pages423-438
JournalBritish Journal of Criminology
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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political prisoner
Northern Ireland
Prisoners
reintegration
citizenship
exclusion
prisoner
Poverty
social integration
continuity
Social Exclusion
Political Prisoners
Citizenship
poverty

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@article{43db51b61aea4ca4b77151cba1ca9686,
title = "Citizenship and Social Exclusion: The Re-Integration of Political Prisoners in Northern Ireland",
abstract = "The continuity of political themes between pre- and post-conflict Northern Ireland and the prominence of ex-prisoners in the political landscape render imperative the social integration of political ex-prisoners as a means to ease movement to a more normal political environment. This article argues that the means by which this may be achieved is through a vibrant engagement with the notion of citizenship, and through a privileging of the idea of social citizenship as something which unites both political traditions and through which the more thorny issue of political citizenship may be approached. In particular, the issues of poverty and social exclusion lie at the heart of the concerns of political ex-prisoners and, it is argued, lie at the heart of any potential solution to them. Social citizenship is therefore presented as the foundation for a model of transitional citizenship and a solid base from which to build a new and inclusive society.",
author = "Gr{\'a}inne McKeever",
note = "Reference text: BELL, C. (2003), ‘Dealing with the Past in Northern Ireland’, Fordham International Law Journal, 26: 1095–147. BELL, C., CAMPBELL, C. and N{\'I}AOL{\'A}IN, F. (2004), ‘Justice Discourses in Transition’, Social and Legal Studies, 13: 305–28. BULMER, M. and REES, A. M. (1996), ‘Conclusion: Citizenship in the Twenty-First Century’, in M. Bulmer and A. M. Rees, eds, Citizenship Today: The Contemporary Relevance of T.H. Marshall, 269–283. London: UCL Press. BURGER, T. (1987), Max Weber’s Theory of Concept Formation: History, Laws, and Ideal Types. Durham: Duke University Press. CAMPBELL, C., N{\'I} AOL{\'A}IN, F. and HARVEY, C. (2003), ‘The Frontiers of Legal Analysis: Reframing the Transition in Northern Ireland’, Modern Law Review, 66: 317–45. CM 3883 (1998), Agreement Reached in the Multi-Party Negotiations. Belfast: Northern Ireland Office. DEPARTMENT FOR WORK AND PENSIONS (2003), National Action Plan on Social Inclusion 2003–2005. London: The Stationery Office. DEPARTMENT OF THE TAOISEACH (2002), Basic Income: A Green Paper. Dublin: Department of the Taoiseach. DUFF, R. A. (1998), ‘Inclusion, and Exclusion: Citizens, Subjects and Outlaws’, Current Legal Perspectives, 51: 241–66. DWYER, C. D. (2006), ‘The Politicisation of Risk Assessment: The Release of Prisoners under a Peace Agreement’ (forthcoming). GROUNDS, A. and JAMIESON, R. (2003), ‘No Sense of an Ending: Researching the Experience of Imprisonment and Release among Republican Ex-Prisoners’, Theoretical Criminology, 7: 347–62. HAGELL, A., NEWBURN, T. and ROWLINGSON, K. (1995), Financial Difficulties on Release from Prison. London: Policy Studies Institute. HARRIS, N. (2000), ‘The Welfare State, Social Security, and Social Citizenship Rights’, in N. Harris, ed., Social Security Law in Context, 3–38. Oxford: Oxford University Press. HILLYARD, P., ROLSTON, B. and TOMLINSON, M. (2005), Poverty and Conflict in Ireland. Dublin: Combat Poverty Agency. HM PRISON SERVICE (2005), Prison Service Instruction 03/2005 Discharge Grant. HM Prison Service, available online at http://psi.hmprisonservice.gov.uk/PSI_2005_003_discharge_grant.doc. INDEPENDENT MONITORING COMMISSION (2005), Fifth Report, HC 46. London: The Stationery Office. LISTER, R. (2000), ‘Citizenship, Exclusion and the Third Way’, Journal of Social Security Law, 7: 70–87. ——(2003), Citizenship: Feminist Perspectives. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. MARSHALL, T. H. (1963), Sociology at the Crossroads and other Essays. London: Heinman. MCEVOY, K. (2001), Paramilitary Imprisonment in Northern Ireland. Oxford: Oxford University Press. MCEVOY, K., O’MAHONY, D., HORNER, C. and LYNER, O. (1999), ‘Home Front: The Families of Politically Motivated Prisoners in Northern Ireland’, British Journal of Criminology, 39: 175–97. N{\'I} AOL{\'A}IN, F. and CAMPBELL, C. (2005), ‘The Paradox of Transition in Conflicted Democracies’, Human Rights Quarterly, 27: 172–213. OFFICE OF THE FIRST MINISTER AND DEPUTY FIRST MINISTER (2004), Towards an Anti-Poverty Strategy: New TSN—The Way Forward, A Consultation Document. Belfast: Office of the First Minister and Deputy First Minister. PLANT, R. (1985), ‘The Very Idea of a Welfare State’, in P. Bean, J. Ferris and D. Whynes, eds, In Defence of Welfare, 3–30. London: Tavistock. RAHILLY, S. (2000), ‘Social Security, Money Management and Debt’, in N. Harris, ed., Social Security Law in Context, 431–59. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ROWLINGSON, K., NEWBURN, T. and HAGELL, A. (1997), ‘A Drop in the Ocean? The Discharge Grant and the Immediate Needs of Prisoners on Release from Custody’, Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 36: 293–304. SHIRLOW, P., GRAHAM, B., MCEVOY, K., {\'O}HADHMAILL, F. and PURVIS, D. (2005), Politically Motivated Former Prisoner Groups: Community Activism and Conflict Transformation. Belfast: Northern Ireland Community Relations Council. SOCIAL EXCLUSION UNIT (2002), Reducing Reoffending by Ex-Prisoners. London: The Stationery Office. TEITEL, R. (1997), ‘Transitional Jurisprudence: The Role of Law in Political Transformation’, Yale Law Journal, 106: 2009–80. TOMLINSON, M., HILLYARD, P. and ROLSTON, B. (2005),‘Strong Links between Poverty and Conflict in Ireland’, Action on Poverty Today, 8: 10–11.",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1093/bjc/azl070",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "423--438",
journal = "British Journal of Criminology",
issn = "0007-0955",
number = "3",

}

Citizenship and Social Exclusion: The Re-Integration of Political Prisoners in Northern Ireland. / McKeever, Gráinne.

In: British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 47, No. 3, 2006, p. 423-438.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Citizenship and Social Exclusion: The Re-Integration of Political Prisoners in Northern Ireland

AU - McKeever, Gráinne

N1 - Reference text: BELL, C. (2003), ‘Dealing with the Past in Northern Ireland’, Fordham International Law Journal, 26: 1095–147. BELL, C., CAMPBELL, C. and NÍAOLÁIN, F. (2004), ‘Justice Discourses in Transition’, Social and Legal Studies, 13: 305–28. BULMER, M. and REES, A. M. (1996), ‘Conclusion: Citizenship in the Twenty-First Century’, in M. Bulmer and A. M. Rees, eds, Citizenship Today: The Contemporary Relevance of T.H. Marshall, 269–283. London: UCL Press. BURGER, T. (1987), Max Weber’s Theory of Concept Formation: History, Laws, and Ideal Types. Durham: Duke University Press. CAMPBELL, C., NÍ AOLÁIN, F. and HARVEY, C. (2003), ‘The Frontiers of Legal Analysis: Reframing the Transition in Northern Ireland’, Modern Law Review, 66: 317–45. CM 3883 (1998), Agreement Reached in the Multi-Party Negotiations. Belfast: Northern Ireland Office. DEPARTMENT FOR WORK AND PENSIONS (2003), National Action Plan on Social Inclusion 2003–2005. London: The Stationery Office. DEPARTMENT OF THE TAOISEACH (2002), Basic Income: A Green Paper. Dublin: Department of the Taoiseach. DUFF, R. A. (1998), ‘Inclusion, and Exclusion: Citizens, Subjects and Outlaws’, Current Legal Perspectives, 51: 241–66. DWYER, C. D. (2006), ‘The Politicisation of Risk Assessment: The Release of Prisoners under a Peace Agreement’ (forthcoming). GROUNDS, A. and JAMIESON, R. (2003), ‘No Sense of an Ending: Researching the Experience of Imprisonment and Release among Republican Ex-Prisoners’, Theoretical Criminology, 7: 347–62. HAGELL, A., NEWBURN, T. and ROWLINGSON, K. (1995), Financial Difficulties on Release from Prison. London: Policy Studies Institute. HARRIS, N. (2000), ‘The Welfare State, Social Security, and Social Citizenship Rights’, in N. Harris, ed., Social Security Law in Context, 3–38. Oxford: Oxford University Press. HILLYARD, P., ROLSTON, B. and TOMLINSON, M. (2005), Poverty and Conflict in Ireland. Dublin: Combat Poverty Agency. HM PRISON SERVICE (2005), Prison Service Instruction 03/2005 Discharge Grant. HM Prison Service, available online at http://psi.hmprisonservice.gov.uk/PSI_2005_003_discharge_grant.doc. INDEPENDENT MONITORING COMMISSION (2005), Fifth Report, HC 46. London: The Stationery Office. LISTER, R. (2000), ‘Citizenship, Exclusion and the Third Way’, Journal of Social Security Law, 7: 70–87. ——(2003), Citizenship: Feminist Perspectives. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. MARSHALL, T. H. (1963), Sociology at the Crossroads and other Essays. London: Heinman. MCEVOY, K. (2001), Paramilitary Imprisonment in Northern Ireland. Oxford: Oxford University Press. MCEVOY, K., O’MAHONY, D., HORNER, C. and LYNER, O. (1999), ‘Home Front: The Families of Politically Motivated Prisoners in Northern Ireland’, British Journal of Criminology, 39: 175–97. NÍ AOLÁIN, F. and CAMPBELL, C. (2005), ‘The Paradox of Transition in Conflicted Democracies’, Human Rights Quarterly, 27: 172–213. OFFICE OF THE FIRST MINISTER AND DEPUTY FIRST MINISTER (2004), Towards an Anti-Poverty Strategy: New TSN—The Way Forward, A Consultation Document. Belfast: Office of the First Minister and Deputy First Minister. PLANT, R. (1985), ‘The Very Idea of a Welfare State’, in P. Bean, J. Ferris and D. Whynes, eds, In Defence of Welfare, 3–30. London: Tavistock. RAHILLY, S. (2000), ‘Social Security, Money Management and Debt’, in N. Harris, ed., Social Security Law in Context, 431–59. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ROWLINGSON, K., NEWBURN, T. and HAGELL, A. (1997), ‘A Drop in the Ocean? The Discharge Grant and the Immediate Needs of Prisoners on Release from Custody’, Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 36: 293–304. SHIRLOW, P., GRAHAM, B., MCEVOY, K., ÓHADHMAILL, F. and PURVIS, D. (2005), Politically Motivated Former Prisoner Groups: Community Activism and Conflict Transformation. Belfast: Northern Ireland Community Relations Council. SOCIAL EXCLUSION UNIT (2002), Reducing Reoffending by Ex-Prisoners. London: The Stationery Office. TEITEL, R. (1997), ‘Transitional Jurisprudence: The Role of Law in Political Transformation’, Yale Law Journal, 106: 2009–80. TOMLINSON, M., HILLYARD, P. and ROLSTON, B. (2005),‘Strong Links between Poverty and Conflict in Ireland’, Action on Poverty Today, 8: 10–11.

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AB - The continuity of political themes between pre- and post-conflict Northern Ireland and the prominence of ex-prisoners in the political landscape render imperative the social integration of political ex-prisoners as a means to ease movement to a more normal political environment. This article argues that the means by which this may be achieved is through a vibrant engagement with the notion of citizenship, and through a privileging of the idea of social citizenship as something which unites both political traditions and through which the more thorny issue of political citizenship may be approached. In particular, the issues of poverty and social exclusion lie at the heart of the concerns of political ex-prisoners and, it is argued, lie at the heart of any potential solution to them. Social citizenship is therefore presented as the foundation for a model of transitional citizenship and a solid base from which to build a new and inclusive society.

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DO - 10.1093/bjc/azl070

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JF - British Journal of Criminology

SN - 0007-0955

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ER -