Childhood adversities and psychopathology among military veterans in the US: the mediating role of social networks

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Abstract

Childhood adversities can impact negatively on psychological health across the lifespan. Many military veterans have a history of adverse childhood experiences, which when combined with deployment related traumas, can lead to high levels of psychopathology. Social networks can however be protective. The current study aimed to identify typologies of childhood adversity in U.S. military veterans (n=3,092) and explore relationships between the adversity typologies and PTSD, mood and anxiety disorders, utilising data from the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (NESARC-III). The mediating role of quality and quantity of social networks were examined. Latent class analysis identified four adversity classes; 1) baseline, 2) household dysfunction, 3) maltreatment, and 4) multi-adversity. Individuals in the adversity classes (2-4), especially those who experienced multi-adversity had higher rates of psychopathology. The quality of social networks played an important mediating role, while quantity of networks did not. Those who experienced adversity were less likely to have supportive social networks, therefore adversity had both a direct and indirect impact on psychopathology. The findings highlight the importance of developing and maintaining social networks following military life. Recommendations include interpersonal skills training and programmes which may help them engage back into the community and enhance relationships
Original languageEnglish
Article numberANXDIS_2018_326_R2
Pages (from-to)47-55
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Volume65
Early online date18 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Social networks; Childhood Adversities ; Psychopathology; Veterans
  • Veterans
  • Social networks
  • Psychopathology
  • Childhood adversities

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