Characterization of the thermal decomposition of two kinds of plywood with a cone calorimeter – FTIR apparatus

Talal Fateh, Thomas Rogaume, Jocelyn Luche, Franck Richard, Florent Jabouille

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    26 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper deals with the thermal degradation of two kinds of plywood in a cone calorimeter apparatus at heat fluxes from 10 to 80 kW m-2. The mass loss and the time to ignition have been continuously monitored during each experiment. The cone calorimeter has been coupled to a bench of gas analysers (a Fourier transformed infra-red spectrometer and a gaseous analyser dedicated to O2, CO, CO2, NO and SO2) in order to characterize the exhaust gases emitted. This work aims to define the different stages of the thermal degradation and to estimate the ignitability and combustibility parameters of those 2 plywoods. Moreover, the study of the gaseous emissions during the thermal degradation of the plywood is performed, because one of the major risks to residents is from the smoke and products of combustion. The highest emission concentrations have been used to calculate the yields for the exhaust gases and to establish mass balances.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages87-100
    JournalJournal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
    Volume107
    Early online date17 Feb 2014
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2014

    Fingerprint

    Plywood
    Calorimeters
    Cones
    Pyrolysis
    Exhaust gases
    Infrared spectrometers
    Flammability
    Carbon Monoxide
    Gas emissions
    Smoke
    Ignition
    Heat flux
    Gases
    Experiments

    Keywords

    • Cone calorimeter
    • Wood
    • Thermal degradation
    • Pyrolysis
    • Fire retardant
    • Gaseous emissions

    Cite this

    Fateh, Talal ; Rogaume, Thomas ; Luche, Jocelyn ; Richard, Franck ; Jabouille, Florent. / Characterization of the thermal decomposition of two kinds of plywood with a cone calorimeter – FTIR apparatus. 2014 ; Vol. 107. pp. 87-100.
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    abstract = "This paper deals with the thermal degradation of two kinds of plywood in a cone calorimeter apparatus at heat fluxes from 10 to 80 kW m-2. The mass loss and the time to ignition have been continuously monitored during each experiment. The cone calorimeter has been coupled to a bench of gas analysers (a Fourier transformed infra-red spectrometer and a gaseous analyser dedicated to O2, CO, CO2, NO and SO2) in order to characterize the exhaust gases emitted. This work aims to define the different stages of the thermal degradation and to estimate the ignitability and combustibility parameters of those 2 plywoods. Moreover, the study of the gaseous emissions during the thermal degradation of the plywood is performed, because one of the major risks to residents is from the smoke and products of combustion. The highest emission concentrations have been used to calculate the yields for the exhaust gases and to establish mass balances.",
    keywords = "Cone calorimeter, Wood, Thermal degradation, Pyrolysis, Fire retardant, Gaseous emissions",
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    Characterization of the thermal decomposition of two kinds of plywood with a cone calorimeter – FTIR apparatus. / Fateh, Talal; Rogaume, Thomas; Luche, Jocelyn; Richard, Franck; Jabouille, Florent.

    Vol. 107, 01.05.2014, p. 87-100.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - Characterization of the thermal decomposition of two kinds of plywood with a cone calorimeter – FTIR apparatus

    AU - Fateh, Talal

    AU - Rogaume, Thomas

    AU - Luche, Jocelyn

    AU - Richard, Franck

    AU - Jabouille, Florent

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    AB - This paper deals with the thermal degradation of two kinds of plywood in a cone calorimeter apparatus at heat fluxes from 10 to 80 kW m-2. The mass loss and the time to ignition have been continuously monitored during each experiment. The cone calorimeter has been coupled to a bench of gas analysers (a Fourier transformed infra-red spectrometer and a gaseous analyser dedicated to O2, CO, CO2, NO and SO2) in order to characterize the exhaust gases emitted. This work aims to define the different stages of the thermal degradation and to estimate the ignitability and combustibility parameters of those 2 plywoods. Moreover, the study of the gaseous emissions during the thermal degradation of the plywood is performed, because one of the major risks to residents is from the smoke and products of combustion. The highest emission concentrations have been used to calculate the yields for the exhaust gases and to establish mass balances.

    KW - Cone calorimeter

    KW - Wood

    KW - Thermal degradation

    KW - Pyrolysis

    KW - Fire retardant

    KW - Gaseous emissions

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