Characterization of the radiative exchanges when using a cone calorimeter for the study of the plywood pyrolysis

P. Boulet, G. Parent, Z. Acem, T. Rogaume, Talal Fateh, J. Zaida, F. Richard

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    20 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Experimentations have been carried out on the emission of an infrared emitter on the one hand, and the absorption of a sample of wood on the other hand, in order to characterize the radiative exchanges during a study of pyrolysis using a cone calorimeter apparatus (ISO 5660 standard). The deviation from standard assumptions of black emission or black absorption has been analyzed. The emission of the cone calorimeter has been observed to be close to the ideal one of a blackbody, with some heterogeneities in the emission pattern, but obviously similar to a black emission at a temperature up to 1273 K, depending on the electric supply. On the contrary, the plywood absorption is more complex, non-grey, with important deviations from the behavior of a black absorber in some wavelengths. Average properties have been computed using Plancks means, still indicating a strong average absorptivity for the present samples of studied plywood, but ranging between 0.74 and 0.95, depending on time and irradiation source. Present observations confirm that such a non-grey absorption of the samples may result in some discrepancies when studying the pyrolysis with various emission sources like the one of Fire Propagation Apparatus or the present cone calorimeter, which could have some consequences in the interpretation of the pyrolysis process.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)53-60
    JournalFire Safety Journal
    Volume51
    Early online date13 Apr 2012
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2012

    Keywords

    • Absorption
    • Cone calorimeter
    • Emission
    • ISO 5660
    • Pyrolysis
    • Radiative properties

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