Characterization of the cellular and metabolic effects of a novel enzyme-resistant antagonist of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide

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Abstract

A novel N-terminally substituted Pro(3) analogue of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) was synthesized and tested for plasma stability and biological activity both in vitro and in vivo. Native GIP was rapidly degraded by human plasma with only 39 +/- 6% remaining intact after 8 h, whereas (Pro(3))GIP was completely stable even after 24 h. In CHL cells expressing the human GIP receptor, (Pro(3))GIP antagonized the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) stimulatory ability of 10(-7)M native GIP, with an IC50 value of 2.6 muM. In the clonal pancreatic beta cell line BRIN-BD11, (Pro(3))GIP over the concentration range 10(-13) to 10(-8) M dose dependently inhibited GIP-stimulated (10(-7) M) insulin release (1.2- to 1.7-fold; P <0.05 to P <0.001). In obese diabetic (ob/ob) mice, intraperitoneal administration of (Pro(3))GIP (25 nmol/kg body wt) countered the ability of native GIP to stimulate plasma insulin (2.4-fold decrease; P <0.001) and lower the glycemic excursion (1.5-fold decrease; P <0.001) induced by a glucose load (18 mmol/kg body wt). Collectively these data demonstrate that (Pro(3))GIP is a novel and potent enzyme-resistant GIP receptor antagonist capable of blocking the ability of native GIP to increase cAMP, stimulate insulin secretion, and improve glucose homeostasis in a commonly employed animal model of type 2 diabetes. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).
LanguageEnglish
Pages1420-1426
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume290
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2002

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Glucose
Peptides
Enzymes
Insulin
Cyclic AMP
Insulin-Secreting Cells
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Inhibitory Concentration 50
Pro(3)-glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide
Homeostasis
Animal Models
Cell Line
gastric inhibitory polypeptide receptor

Cite this

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title = "Characterization of the cellular and metabolic effects of a novel enzyme-resistant antagonist of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide",
abstract = "A novel N-terminally substituted Pro(3) analogue of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) was synthesized and tested for plasma stability and biological activity both in vitro and in vivo. Native GIP was rapidly degraded by human plasma with only 39 +/- 6{\%} remaining intact after 8 h, whereas (Pro(3))GIP was completely stable even after 24 h. In CHL cells expressing the human GIP receptor, (Pro(3))GIP antagonized the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) stimulatory ability of 10(-7)M native GIP, with an IC50 value of 2.6 muM. In the clonal pancreatic beta cell line BRIN-BD11, (Pro(3))GIP over the concentration range 10(-13) to 10(-8) M dose dependently inhibited GIP-stimulated (10(-7) M) insulin release (1.2- to 1.7-fold; P <0.05 to P <0.001). In obese diabetic (ob/ob) mice, intraperitoneal administration of (Pro(3))GIP (25 nmol/kg body wt) countered the ability of native GIP to stimulate plasma insulin (2.4-fold decrease; P <0.001) and lower the glycemic excursion (1.5-fold decrease; P <0.001) induced by a glucose load (18 mmol/kg body wt). Collectively these data demonstrate that (Pro(3))GIP is a novel and potent enzyme-resistant GIP receptor antagonist capable of blocking the ability of native GIP to increase cAMP, stimulate insulin secretion, and improve glucose homeostasis in a commonly employed animal model of type 2 diabetes. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).",
author = "Victor Gault and Finbarr O'Harte and P Harriott and Peter Flatt",
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T1 - Characterization of the cellular and metabolic effects of a novel enzyme-resistant antagonist of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide

AU - Gault, Victor

AU - O'Harte, Finbarr

AU - Harriott, P

AU - Flatt, Peter

PY - 2002/2

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N2 - A novel N-terminally substituted Pro(3) analogue of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) was synthesized and tested for plasma stability and biological activity both in vitro and in vivo. Native GIP was rapidly degraded by human plasma with only 39 +/- 6% remaining intact after 8 h, whereas (Pro(3))GIP was completely stable even after 24 h. In CHL cells expressing the human GIP receptor, (Pro(3))GIP antagonized the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) stimulatory ability of 10(-7)M native GIP, with an IC50 value of 2.6 muM. In the clonal pancreatic beta cell line BRIN-BD11, (Pro(3))GIP over the concentration range 10(-13) to 10(-8) M dose dependently inhibited GIP-stimulated (10(-7) M) insulin release (1.2- to 1.7-fold; P <0.05 to P <0.001). In obese diabetic (ob/ob) mice, intraperitoneal administration of (Pro(3))GIP (25 nmol/kg body wt) countered the ability of native GIP to stimulate plasma insulin (2.4-fold decrease; P <0.001) and lower the glycemic excursion (1.5-fold decrease; P <0.001) induced by a glucose load (18 mmol/kg body wt). Collectively these data demonstrate that (Pro(3))GIP is a novel and potent enzyme-resistant GIP receptor antagonist capable of blocking the ability of native GIP to increase cAMP, stimulate insulin secretion, and improve glucose homeostasis in a commonly employed animal model of type 2 diabetes. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).

AB - A novel N-terminally substituted Pro(3) analogue of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) was synthesized and tested for plasma stability and biological activity both in vitro and in vivo. Native GIP was rapidly degraded by human plasma with only 39 +/- 6% remaining intact after 8 h, whereas (Pro(3))GIP was completely stable even after 24 h. In CHL cells expressing the human GIP receptor, (Pro(3))GIP antagonized the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) stimulatory ability of 10(-7)M native GIP, with an IC50 value of 2.6 muM. In the clonal pancreatic beta cell line BRIN-BD11, (Pro(3))GIP over the concentration range 10(-13) to 10(-8) M dose dependently inhibited GIP-stimulated (10(-7) M) insulin release (1.2- to 1.7-fold; P <0.05 to P <0.001). In obese diabetic (ob/ob) mice, intraperitoneal administration of (Pro(3))GIP (25 nmol/kg body wt) countered the ability of native GIP to stimulate plasma insulin (2.4-fold decrease; P <0.001) and lower the glycemic excursion (1.5-fold decrease; P <0.001) induced by a glucose load (18 mmol/kg body wt). Collectively these data demonstrate that (Pro(3))GIP is a novel and potent enzyme-resistant GIP receptor antagonist capable of blocking the ability of native GIP to increase cAMP, stimulate insulin secretion, and improve glucose homeostasis in a commonly employed animal model of type 2 diabetes. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).

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