Characterization of insulin glycation in insulin-secreting cells maintained in tissue culture

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Abstract

Characteristics of cellular insulin glycation were examined in the pancreatic B-cell line, BRIN-BD11. The extent of insulin glycation increased stepwise during 72 h of culture at 5.6-33.3 mmol/l glucose, attaining levels up to 27%. Glycation of insulin at 33.3 mmol/l glucose was rapid, reaching maximal values within 2 h, and not readily reversible during 2 to 24 h of subsequent exposure to 5.6 mmol/l glucose. Glycated insulin was readily secreted by BRIN-BD11 cells upon active stimulation with glucose and other secretagogues. Cellular insulin glycation was decreased by 66-80% by inhibitors of protein glycation, vitamin C, aminoguanidine or acetylsalicylic acid. Modulation of insulin-secretory activity of BRIN-BD11 cells by co-culture at high glucose with diazoxide, L-alanine or glibenclamide indicated that long-term stimulation of secretion was associated with a decrease in the extent of insulin glycation. Glycation of insulin in vitro was substantially less extensive than in BRIN-BD11 cells, although glucose-6-phosphate and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate were 1.4- to 2.0-fold more reactive than glucose per se. These observations indicate that insulin is readily glycated and secreted from insulin-secreting cells under hyperglycaemic conditions in culture.
LanguageEnglish
Pages59-67
JournalJournal of Endrocrinology
Volume152
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1997

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Insulin-Secreting Cells
Insulin
Glucose
Glyceraldehyde 3-Phosphate
Diazoxide
Glucose-6-Phosphate
Glyburide
Coculture Techniques
Alanine
Aspirin
Ascorbic Acid
Cell Culture Techniques
Cell Line

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title = "Characterization of insulin glycation in insulin-secreting cells maintained in tissue culture",
abstract = "Characteristics of cellular insulin glycation were examined in the pancreatic B-cell line, BRIN-BD11. The extent of insulin glycation increased stepwise during 72 h of culture at 5.6-33.3 mmol/l glucose, attaining levels up to 27{\%}. Glycation of insulin at 33.3 mmol/l glucose was rapid, reaching maximal values within 2 h, and not readily reversible during 2 to 24 h of subsequent exposure to 5.6 mmol/l glucose. Glycated insulin was readily secreted by BRIN-BD11 cells upon active stimulation with glucose and other secretagogues. Cellular insulin glycation was decreased by 66-80{\%} by inhibitors of protein glycation, vitamin C, aminoguanidine or acetylsalicylic acid. Modulation of insulin-secretory activity of BRIN-BD11 cells by co-culture at high glucose with diazoxide, L-alanine or glibenclamide indicated that long-term stimulation of secretion was associated with a decrease in the extent of insulin glycation. Glycation of insulin in vitro was substantially less extensive than in BRIN-BD11 cells, although glucose-6-phosphate and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate were 1.4- to 2.0-fold more reactive than glucose per se. These observations indicate that insulin is readily glycated and secreted from insulin-secreting cells under hyperglycaemic conditions in culture.",
author = "Yasser Abdel-Wahab and Finbarr O'Harte and CR Barnett and Peter Flatt",
year = "1997",
month = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "152",
pages = "59--67",
journal = "Journal of Endrocrinology",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of insulin glycation in insulin-secreting cells maintained in tissue culture

AU - Abdel-Wahab, Yasser

AU - O'Harte, Finbarr

AU - Barnett, CR

AU - Flatt, Peter

PY - 1997/1

Y1 - 1997/1

N2 - Characteristics of cellular insulin glycation were examined in the pancreatic B-cell line, BRIN-BD11. The extent of insulin glycation increased stepwise during 72 h of culture at 5.6-33.3 mmol/l glucose, attaining levels up to 27%. Glycation of insulin at 33.3 mmol/l glucose was rapid, reaching maximal values within 2 h, and not readily reversible during 2 to 24 h of subsequent exposure to 5.6 mmol/l glucose. Glycated insulin was readily secreted by BRIN-BD11 cells upon active stimulation with glucose and other secretagogues. Cellular insulin glycation was decreased by 66-80% by inhibitors of protein glycation, vitamin C, aminoguanidine or acetylsalicylic acid. Modulation of insulin-secretory activity of BRIN-BD11 cells by co-culture at high glucose with diazoxide, L-alanine or glibenclamide indicated that long-term stimulation of secretion was associated with a decrease in the extent of insulin glycation. Glycation of insulin in vitro was substantially less extensive than in BRIN-BD11 cells, although glucose-6-phosphate and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate were 1.4- to 2.0-fold more reactive than glucose per se. These observations indicate that insulin is readily glycated and secreted from insulin-secreting cells under hyperglycaemic conditions in culture.

AB - Characteristics of cellular insulin glycation were examined in the pancreatic B-cell line, BRIN-BD11. The extent of insulin glycation increased stepwise during 72 h of culture at 5.6-33.3 mmol/l glucose, attaining levels up to 27%. Glycation of insulin at 33.3 mmol/l glucose was rapid, reaching maximal values within 2 h, and not readily reversible during 2 to 24 h of subsequent exposure to 5.6 mmol/l glucose. Glycated insulin was readily secreted by BRIN-BD11 cells upon active stimulation with glucose and other secretagogues. Cellular insulin glycation was decreased by 66-80% by inhibitors of protein glycation, vitamin C, aminoguanidine or acetylsalicylic acid. Modulation of insulin-secretory activity of BRIN-BD11 cells by co-culture at high glucose with diazoxide, L-alanine or glibenclamide indicated that long-term stimulation of secretion was associated with a decrease in the extent of insulin glycation. Glycation of insulin in vitro was substantially less extensive than in BRIN-BD11 cells, although glucose-6-phosphate and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate were 1.4- to 2.0-fold more reactive than glucose per se. These observations indicate that insulin is readily glycated and secreted from insulin-secreting cells under hyperglycaemic conditions in culture.

M3 - Article

VL - 152

SP - 59

EP - 67

JO - Journal of Endrocrinology

T2 - Journal of Endrocrinology

JF - Journal of Endrocrinology

SN - 0022-0795

IS - 1

ER -