Characterization of biosurfactants and their use in pollution removal state of the art (Review)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

169 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Surface-active compounds of biological origin (biosurfactants) have only been described in the past few decades. With the advantage of biodegradability and production on renewable resources, biosurfactants have been gaining prominence and their applications are becoming wider. So far, literature contains mixed reports on the successes of the applications of biosurfactants and their economical viability. They remain compounds which are not very well understood, yet, with Several important applications. The target industries for biosurfactant use are the petroleum remediation industries and environmental conservation agencies. These industries, however, seem reluctant to use them for fear of dealing with microbes or microbial products. This includes cleaning up oil spills from the environment, remediation of metal-contaminated soils or waste streams, mobilizing heavy oil sludge and enhanced oil recovery. The importance of biosurfactants, their production, characteristics and limited successes and applications in oil pollution remediation and oil storage tank cleaning are discussed.
LanguageEnglish
Pages251-267
JournalACTA Biotechnologica
Volume15
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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Petroleum Pollution
Oils
Pollution
Industry
Remediation
Cleaning
Crude oil
Sewage
Fear
Biodegradability
Oil spills
Petroleum
Soil
Metals
Conservation
Soils
Recovery
Environmental Restoration and Remediation
Oil and Gas Industry

Cite this

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abstract = "Surface-active compounds of biological origin (biosurfactants) have only been described in the past few decades. With the advantage of biodegradability and production on renewable resources, biosurfactants have been gaining prominence and their applications are becoming wider. So far, literature contains mixed reports on the successes of the applications of biosurfactants and their economical viability. They remain compounds which are not very well understood, yet, with Several important applications. The target industries for biosurfactant use are the petroleum remediation industries and environmental conservation agencies. These industries, however, seem reluctant to use them for fear of dealing with microbes or microbial products. This includes cleaning up oil spills from the environment, remediation of metal-contaminated soils or waste streams, mobilizing heavy oil sludge and enhanced oil recovery. The importance of biosurfactants, their production, characteristics and limited successes and applications in oil pollution remediation and oil storage tank cleaning are discussed.",
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Characterization of biosurfactants and their use in pollution removal state of the art (Review). / Banat, Ibrahim.

In: ACTA Biotechnologica, Vol. 15, No. 3, 1995, p. 251-267.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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