Characterization and distribution of neuropeptide Y in the brain of a caecilian amphibian

Ted J. Ebersole, J. Michael Conlon, Frederick W. Goetz, Sunny K. Boyd

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16 Citations (Scopus)


Neuropeptide Y (NPY) from the brain of an amphibian from the order Gymnophiona (the caecilian, Typhlonectes natans) was characterized. We cloned a 790 base pair cDNA encoding the caecilian NPY precursor. The open reading frame consisted of 291 bases, indicating an NPY precursor of 97 amino acids. Both deduced and isolated NPY primary structures were Tyr-Pro-Ser-Lys-Pro-Asp-Asn-Pro-Gly-Glu10-Asp-Ala-Pro-Ala- Glu-Asp-Met-Ala-Lys-Tyr20-Tyr-Ser-Ala-Leu-Arg-His-Tyr-Ile- Asn-Leu30-Ile-Thr-Arg-Gln-Arg-Tyr · NH2. In caecilian brain, we observed NPY immunoreactive cells within the medial pallium, basal forebrain, preoptic area, midbrain tegmentum and trigeminal nucleus. The prevalence of preoptic and hypothalamic terminal field staining supports the hypothesis that NPY controls pituitary function in this caecilian.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-334
Number of pages10
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 2001


  • Gymnophiona
  • NPY gene
  • Pituitary
  • Reproduction
  • Typhlonectes natans


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