Characterisation of genetic control of thermotolerance in mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae

L Wati, SS Dhamija, D Singh, Poonam Singh - Nee Nigam, R Marchant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Thirty thermotolerant mutants of a haploid strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been isolated using chemical and physical methods of mutagenesis and genetically characterised. These could survive a 72-h incubation at 44 degrees C. Some of them produced relatively higher levels of ethanol at 37 degrees C, 40 degrees C and 44 degrees C when compared with their parent strain. Like the parent, the mutant strains followed a characteristic thermal inactivation pattern at 44 degrees C except that the process was significantly delayed. Microscopic examination of the mutant cells in YEPD broth incubated at 44 degrees C revealed an enlargement of cell size by three or four times. Their genetic characterisation showed that crosses involving each of the mutants and the thermosensitive wild type produced 1:3 thermotolerant and thermosensitive phenotypes instead of the 1:1 ratio usually expected. The allelism test, where each thermotolerant mutant was crossed with another, produced thermosensitive recombinants to the level of 25%. The haploid cells of mutants were found to revert quite frequently but diploids constructed thereof were found to be perfectly stable. We therefore speculate that various mutations are in one and the same gene rather than being genetically different, as due to phenotypic similarity revertants could be easily mistaken for recombinants. This gene controlling thermotolerance was named tet11 and is recessive in nature.
LanguageEnglish
Pages19-26
JournalNew Genetics and Society
Volume16
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1996

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Haploidy
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Genetic Complementation Test
Diploidy
Cell Size
Mutagenesis
Genes
Ethanol
Hot Temperature
Phenotype
Mutation
Thermotolerance

Cite this

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title = "Characterisation of genetic control of thermotolerance in mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae",
abstract = "Thirty thermotolerant mutants of a haploid strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been isolated using chemical and physical methods of mutagenesis and genetically characterised. These could survive a 72-h incubation at 44 degrees C. Some of them produced relatively higher levels of ethanol at 37 degrees C, 40 degrees C and 44 degrees C when compared with their parent strain. Like the parent, the mutant strains followed a characteristic thermal inactivation pattern at 44 degrees C except that the process was significantly delayed. Microscopic examination of the mutant cells in YEPD broth incubated at 44 degrees C revealed an enlargement of cell size by three or four times. Their genetic characterisation showed that crosses involving each of the mutants and the thermosensitive wild type produced 1:3 thermotolerant and thermosensitive phenotypes instead of the 1:1 ratio usually expected. The allelism test, where each thermotolerant mutant was crossed with another, produced thermosensitive recombinants to the level of 25{\%}. The haploid cells of mutants were found to revert quite frequently but diploids constructed thereof were found to be perfectly stable. We therefore speculate that various mutations are in one and the same gene rather than being genetically different, as due to phenotypic similarity revertants could be easily mistaken for recombinants. This gene controlling thermotolerance was named tet11 and is recessive in nature.",
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Characterisation of genetic control of thermotolerance in mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. / Wati, L; Dhamija, SS; Singh, D; Singh - Nee Nigam, Poonam; Marchant, R.

In: New Genetics and Society, Vol. 16, No. 1, 03.1996, p. 19-26.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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