Characterisation and biological activity of Glu(3) amino acid substituted GIP receptor antagonists

Victor Gault, Kerry Hunter, Nigel Irwin, Brian D Green, Brett Greer, Patrick Harriott, Finbarr O'Harte, Peter Flatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) is an important gastrointestinal hormone, which regulates insulin release and glucose homeostasis, but is rapidly inactivated by enzymatic N-terminal truncation. Here we report the enzyme resistance and biological activity of several Glu(3) -substituted analogues of GIP namely; (Ala(3))GIP, (Lys(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP, (Trp(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))GIP. Only (Lys(3))- GIP demonstrated moderately enhanced resistance to DPP-IV (p <0.05 to p <0.01) compared to native GIP. All analogues demonstrated a decreased potency in cAMP production (EC50 1.47 to 11.02 nM; p <0.01 to p <0.001) with (Lys(3))GIP and (Phe(3))GIP significantly inhibiting GIP-stimulated cAMP production (p <0.05). In BRIN-BD11 cells, (Lys(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP, (Trp(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))- GIP did not stimulate insulin secretion with both (Lys(3))GIP and (Phe(3))GIP significantly inhibiting GIP-stimulated insulin secretion (p <0.05). Injection of each GIP analogue together with glucose in oblob mice significantly increased the glycaemic excursion compared to control (p <0.05 to p <0.001). This was associated with lack of significant insulin responses. (Ala(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))GIP, when administered together with GIP, significantly reduced plasma insulin (p <0.05 to p <0.01) and impaired the glucose-lowering ability (p <0.05 to p <0.01) of the native peptide. The DPP-IV resistance and GIP antagonism observed were similar but less pronounced than (Pro(3))GIP. These data demonstrate that position 3 amino acid substitution of GIP with (Ala(3)), (Phe(3)), (Tyr(3)) or (Pro(3)) provides a new class of functional GIP receptor antagonists. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
LanguageEnglish
Pages263-274
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume461
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2007

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Amino Acids
Glucose
Peptides
gastric inhibitory polypeptide receptor
Insulin
Gastrointestinal Hormones
Amino Acid Substitution

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title = "Characterisation and biological activity of Glu(3) amino acid substituted GIP receptor antagonists",
abstract = "Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) is an important gastrointestinal hormone, which regulates insulin release and glucose homeostasis, but is rapidly inactivated by enzymatic N-terminal truncation. Here we report the enzyme resistance and biological activity of several Glu(3) -substituted analogues of GIP namely; (Ala(3))GIP, (Lys(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP, (Trp(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))GIP. Only (Lys(3))- GIP demonstrated moderately enhanced resistance to DPP-IV (p <0.05 to p <0.01) compared to native GIP. All analogues demonstrated a decreased potency in cAMP production (EC50 1.47 to 11.02 nM; p <0.01 to p <0.001) with (Lys(3))GIP and (Phe(3))GIP significantly inhibiting GIP-stimulated cAMP production (p <0.05). In BRIN-BD11 cells, (Lys(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP, (Trp(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))- GIP did not stimulate insulin secretion with both (Lys(3))GIP and (Phe(3))GIP significantly inhibiting GIP-stimulated insulin secretion (p <0.05). Injection of each GIP analogue together with glucose in oblob mice significantly increased the glycaemic excursion compared to control (p <0.05 to p <0.001). This was associated with lack of significant insulin responses. (Ala(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))GIP, when administered together with GIP, significantly reduced plasma insulin (p <0.05 to p <0.01) and impaired the glucose-lowering ability (p <0.05 to p <0.01) of the native peptide. The DPP-IV resistance and GIP antagonism observed were similar but less pronounced than (Pro(3))GIP. These data demonstrate that position 3 amino acid substitution of GIP with (Ala(3)), (Phe(3)), (Tyr(3)) or (Pro(3)) provides a new class of functional GIP receptor antagonists. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
author = "Victor Gault and Kerry Hunter and Nigel Irwin and Green, {Brian D} and Brett Greer and Patrick Harriott and Finbarr O'Harte and Peter Flatt",
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Characterisation and biological activity of Glu(3) amino acid substituted GIP receptor antagonists. / Gault, Victor; Hunter, Kerry; Irwin, Nigel; Green, Brian D; Greer, Brett; Harriott, Patrick; O'Harte, Finbarr; Flatt, Peter.

In: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Vol. 461, No. 2, 05.2007, p. 263-274.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterisation and biological activity of Glu(3) amino acid substituted GIP receptor antagonists

AU - Gault, Victor

AU - Hunter, Kerry

AU - Irwin, Nigel

AU - Green, Brian D

AU - Greer, Brett

AU - Harriott, Patrick

AU - O'Harte, Finbarr

AU - Flatt, Peter

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N2 - Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) is an important gastrointestinal hormone, which regulates insulin release and glucose homeostasis, but is rapidly inactivated by enzymatic N-terminal truncation. Here we report the enzyme resistance and biological activity of several Glu(3) -substituted analogues of GIP namely; (Ala(3))GIP, (Lys(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP, (Trp(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))GIP. Only (Lys(3))- GIP demonstrated moderately enhanced resistance to DPP-IV (p <0.05 to p <0.01) compared to native GIP. All analogues demonstrated a decreased potency in cAMP production (EC50 1.47 to 11.02 nM; p <0.01 to p <0.001) with (Lys(3))GIP and (Phe(3))GIP significantly inhibiting GIP-stimulated cAMP production (p <0.05). In BRIN-BD11 cells, (Lys(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP, (Trp(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))- GIP did not stimulate insulin secretion with both (Lys(3))GIP and (Phe(3))GIP significantly inhibiting GIP-stimulated insulin secretion (p <0.05). Injection of each GIP analogue together with glucose in oblob mice significantly increased the glycaemic excursion compared to control (p <0.05 to p <0.001). This was associated with lack of significant insulin responses. (Ala(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))GIP, when administered together with GIP, significantly reduced plasma insulin (p <0.05 to p <0.01) and impaired the glucose-lowering ability (p <0.05 to p <0.01) of the native peptide. The DPP-IV resistance and GIP antagonism observed were similar but less pronounced than (Pro(3))GIP. These data demonstrate that position 3 amino acid substitution of GIP with (Ala(3)), (Phe(3)), (Tyr(3)) or (Pro(3)) provides a new class of functional GIP receptor antagonists. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

AB - Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) is an important gastrointestinal hormone, which regulates insulin release and glucose homeostasis, but is rapidly inactivated by enzymatic N-terminal truncation. Here we report the enzyme resistance and biological activity of several Glu(3) -substituted analogues of GIP namely; (Ala(3))GIP, (Lys(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP, (Trp(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))GIP. Only (Lys(3))- GIP demonstrated moderately enhanced resistance to DPP-IV (p <0.05 to p <0.01) compared to native GIP. All analogues demonstrated a decreased potency in cAMP production (EC50 1.47 to 11.02 nM; p <0.01 to p <0.001) with (Lys(3))GIP and (Phe(3))GIP significantly inhibiting GIP-stimulated cAMP production (p <0.05). In BRIN-BD11 cells, (Lys(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP, (Trp(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))- GIP did not stimulate insulin secretion with both (Lys(3))GIP and (Phe(3))GIP significantly inhibiting GIP-stimulated insulin secretion (p <0.05). Injection of each GIP analogue together with glucose in oblob mice significantly increased the glycaemic excursion compared to control (p <0.05 to p <0.001). This was associated with lack of significant insulin responses. (Ala(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))GIP, when administered together with GIP, significantly reduced plasma insulin (p <0.05 to p <0.01) and impaired the glucose-lowering ability (p <0.05 to p <0.01) of the native peptide. The DPP-IV resistance and GIP antagonism observed were similar but less pronounced than (Pro(3))GIP. These data demonstrate that position 3 amino acid substitution of GIP with (Ala(3)), (Phe(3)), (Tyr(3)) or (Pro(3)) provides a new class of functional GIP receptor antagonists. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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